posted on Aug, 13 2013 @ 04:12 AM
I am including this post in the Deconstructing Disinformation thread mainly because it is my intention to inform the public regarding some of the
misconceptions presented in the media, as well as by members of the US government itself. I would think that the vast majority of individuals,
assuming they know little to nothing about nuclear devices, believe that a "dirty bomb" attack on a city would unleash horrible destruction,
comparable to a regular nuclear device.
It is first important to clarify that a dirty bomb is not the same thing as a nuclear bomb. A nuclear bomb contains fissile materials, which when set
off by more conventional explosives, starts a chain reaction of atoms within the fissile material itself, creating a huge explosion, pressure wave,
and radioactive fallout. The radioactive fallout produced is due mainly to the inefficient nature of the chain reaction. When not all of the
radioactive material is consumed in the explosion, radioactive fallout results. A device that consumed all of this material, a so-called "clean"
bomb, has yet to be realized by any country.
To get an idea of what I am talking about, consider the only two nuclear devices dropped by one country on another...Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.
These two bombs were about 1.5% and 14% efficient respectively, and the greater efficiency of the latter was mainly due to the use of a more suitable
radioactive material as compared with the first.
So let's define a "dirty" bomb. A dirty bomb is NOT the opposite of a clean bomb, in that it produces much fallout. A regular nuclear device that a
country has today is going to be "dirty" in that sense, but usually the term dirty is restricted to another type of device...A non-nuclear device
that still contains radioactive materials. Having described how a nuclear device produces a chain reaction, it should be noted that a dirty bomb,
while containing similar radioactive materials, does NOT produce a chain reaction of any kind.
A dirty bomb is simply radioactive material that is surrounded by conventional explosives, explosives which cannot and will not trigger a chain
reaction of any kind. So what is the point of the radioactive material in the first place? The reasoning behind such a device is that it will spread
radiation over the area, basically being used as an "area denial weapon."
Now to the point of this thread. Certain individuals within the government would want people to believe that such an attack would be catastrophic. My
guess is that there are people within the government who wish to not only keep the public ignorant, but to keep the public afraid. I hypothesize that
the purpose of this fearmongering is to allow the government less restrictions on their actions. Just like how after 9/11 the government invaded Iraq
and then Afghanistan. Keeping the public in a state of fear does not allow them to really think about what they should be thinking about, which is
whether the US government is honoring the US Constitution, among other things.
But what I would like to point out is that in the vast majority of dirty bomb scenarios, even if detonated in a major city, would cause minimal
damage. In all likelihood the number of individuals killed would equal the number of people within the vicinity of the blast, or the "kill zone" of
the explosive device. So what about all that radioactive material? It is not likely to cause death, or even severe radiation poisoning, in most cases
Unbeknownst to the majority of people there are thousands and thousands of radioactive capsules all over the world that could easily be gotten by a
terrorist group. These devices are not controlled by the military, but are either in the public sector, are lying around somewhere waiting to be
found, or are privately owned. Where do they come from? Well these types of radioactive capsules are simply radioactive materials enclosed in some
type of casing, and are used in various machines such as those found in hospitals, are found in university labs, etc. In fact, the US government
estimated that at least 300 such devices, or at least the radioactive portions, go missing each year. In some overseas countries the numbers are much
After the collapse of the Soviet Union there were probably thousands of radioactive pieces that went missing. In fact, there have been times were such
a device has been found just lying inside an abandoned building, or on the ground, in Russia. So obtaining such a device would not be as difficult as
some think. But out of all these devices, maybe only 25% of them or so would be sufficient enough for use in a dirty bomb. But that is still a lot of
radioactive material. And these are all different kinds of radioactive elements we are talking about, of which most are reactor-produced isotopes. Out
of all of these different materials, here is a list of those sufficient for a dirty bomb: Americium-241, Strontium-90, Cobalt-60, Iridium-192,
Californium-252, Caesium-137, Plutonium-238, Polonium-210, and Radium-226. I had to look those up, so I cannot be certain if these are all that can be
used in such a device, so I decided to just go with what Wikipedia listed. But that is not very important for this discussion.
There is one major problem, which has been seen in the individuals who found such devices, not knowing what they were, and that is radiation poisoning
in the person who is handling the materials. Attempting to build a dirty bomb with such materials will usually cause severe radiation sickness in
whomever is doing the work. This would eliminate the building of such bombs in many situations, however, we know for a fact that certain terrorist
groups are not concerned when it comes to giving up their lives in killing others. But it could also be argued that killing oneself while killing many
others is different from killing oneself while building a device that will kill many others. But let's assume there are people out there who would be
willing to do it. And let's assume that they knew what they were doing. That is a big assumption, but it is a possibility.
I should note that this material could be shielded while building the bomb, but attempting to transport the device in secret would be difficult, and
the shielding would cause the bomb's yield to be drastically reduced. So let's get to the worst case scenario...All of these problems are worked out
by some terrorists, and they actually get a bomb positioned in a major city. What can be expected? As I said, it will not be as bad as many would
imagine. At most, such a device would have effects similar to what was seen at Chernobyl. That's bad, you're thinking, but like I said, this is
worst case scenario. Much more likely the effects would be much, much less. In fact, the truth is that the city would not have to even be evacuated.
The exposure to radiation may cause some short term sickness, but it is not likely to even kill anyone. The explosion itself will of course kill or
injure anyone in the immediate area, but to the extent of a regular bomb. A terrorist could do that any day I would think.
The entire reason I wanted to say this is that I don't want the government attempting to scare people, causing these individuals to give up their
rights under the guise of "protection." Instead of being worried about terrorists and dirty bombs, people should be worrying about their own
governments, because that is where the greatest threat is coming from at present.