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Dolphins Gain Unprecedented Protection in India.

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posted on Jun, 4 2013 @ 05:43 PM
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Good news from India this month as the country has now officially recognized dolphins as non-human persons 'whose rights to life and liberty must be respected' -the article also goes on to discuss the scientific evidence for cetacean intelligence and there's other relevant info about the creature's brain size, sensory perception, self recognition, memory, emotions and altruism.

It also describes the cruelty involved in the capture of the creatures for dolphin parks (which I wasn't aware of) and how all the establishments have now been made illegal there -apparently India is now the fourth country in the world to ban the capture and import of cetaceans for commercial entertainment (along with Costa Rica, Hungary, and Chile) and there's more details at the link.



Dolphins Gain Unprecedented Protection in India.






India’s Ministry of Environment and Forests has advised state governments to ban dolphinariums and other commercial entertainment that involves the capture and confinement of cetacean species such as orcas and bottlenose dolphins. In a statement, the government said research had clearly established cetaceans are highly intelligent and sensitive, and that dolphins “should be seen as ‘non-human persons’ and as such should have their own specific rights.”

The move comes after weeks of protest against a dolphin park in the state of Kerala and several other marine mammal entertainment facilities which were to be built this year. Animal welfare advocates welcomed the decision.

“This opens up a whole new discourse of ethics in the animal protection movement in India,” said Puja Mitra from the Federation of Indian Animal Protection Organizations (FIAPO). Mitra is a leading voice in the Indian movement to end dolphin captivity.

“The scientific evidence we provided during the campaign talked about cetacean intelligence and introduced the concept of non-human persons,” she said in an interview with DW..


Seaworld Slaughter:


“There’s nothing like having a few animals on display, particularly ones that are so sensitive and intelligent as these dolphins,” said Belinda Wright from the Wildlife Protection Society of India in an interview with DW. “It’s a good money making proposition.”

But audiences are usually oblivious to the documented suffering of these marine performers.

“The majority of dolphins and whales in captivity have been sourced through wild captures in Japan, in Taiji, in the Caribbean, in the Solomon Islands and parts of Russia. These captures are very violent,” Mitra explained.

“They drive groups of dolphins into shallow bay areas where young females whose bodies are unmarked and are thought to be suitable for display are removed. The rest are often slaughtered.”

Mitra argued that the experience of captivity is tantamount to torture. She explained that orcas and other dolphins navigate by using sonar signals, but in tanks, the reverberations bounce off the walls, causing them “immense distress”. She described dolphins banging their heads on the walls and orcas wearing away their teeth as they pull at bars and bite walls.


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Also recently watched a documentary called The Cove which was pretty disturbing to say the least so let's hope India's decision to officially recognize cetaceans as 'non-human persons' gains some momentum in other countries and affords them some protection.



The Exceptional Cognitive Abilities of Dolphins


Dolphins are perhaps the most intelligent aquatic mammal on Earth. With their self-awareness and abilities to communicate, reason, express emotions, adapt, and perform altruistic acts, they have spread across every ocean and many freshwater rivers in the same way humans have populated every continent. The cognitive abilities of dolphins are exceptional. Below is a close examination of this mammal's brain size, structure and remarkable cognitive abilities.


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Uniting Primates and Cetaceans Through Personhood


In this presentation I will discuss the neuroanatomical basis of complex intelligence in dolphins, how the neuroanatomy provides evidence for psychological continuity between humans and dolphins, and the profound implications for the ethics of human-dolphin interactions.

However, Marino suggests we go even further than simply protecting dolphins from harm. Even such amusements as marine park shows or “swim with dolphins” programs are psychologically damaging to these highly intelligent species and should be reconsidered.

These arguments were highlighted in The Sunday Times of London yesterday where they interviewed Marino about her research:

What Marino and her colleagues found was that the cerebral cortex and neocortex of bottlenose dolphins were so large that “the anatomical ratios that assess cognitive capacity place it second only to the human brain”. They also found that the brain cortex of dolphins such as the bottlenose had the same convoluted folds that are strongly linked with human intelligence.

Such folds increase the volume of the cortex and the ability of brain cells to interconnect with each other. “Despite evolving along a different neuroanatomical trajectory to humans, cetacean brains have several features that are correlated with complex intelligence,” Marino said.


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Links:

Scientists say dolphins should be treated as 'non-human persons'

Taiji Dolphins: The Healthy Snack That Smiles Back?




posted on Jun, 5 2013 @ 11:01 AM
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Good news to be circulated for other nations. I would assume that most animals if not all receive a very good protection in India due to religion
Ofcourse there are exceptions.
edit on 5-6-2013 by hp1229 because: (no reason given)



posted on Jun, 5 2013 @ 06:13 PM
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Bravo India!

Hopefully more countries will follow and do the same.



posted on Jul, 22 2013 @ 01:57 AM
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Thanks for the replies and let's hope more countries do follow suit with this legislation
- also looks like the story is gaining a bit more exposure as just found this pic on Rense.com:





Also really want to watch this documentary as it looks to be a very relevant one.




Blackfish


Cheers.



posted on Jul, 22 2013 @ 09:51 AM
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Wonderful thread Karl, I'm sorry I missed it up until now. Dolphins should receive this classification world wide. I'm sure there's other species deserving this too, some of our closest cousins for example. Gorillas and chimpanzee's are capable of communication with humans, they can be taught ASL and use it independently to communicate their thoughts and emotions.

Thanks for sharing this, time to spread the word.



posted on Jul, 22 2013 @ 11:35 AM
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This news cheered my day up


It's time this respect is extended to all animals, they all have a right to life, but one step leads to many more so we'll get there eventually.

Good on India



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