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Lake Monoun in 1984, causing the asphyxiation and death of 37 people living To date, this phenomenon has been observed only twice. The first was in Cameroon at nearby. A second, deadlier eruption happened at neighbouring Lake Nyos in 1986, this time releasing over 80 million cubic meters of CO2 and killing between 1,700 and 1,800 people, again by asphyxiation.
Sample sediments from the lake were taken by Professor Robert Hecky from the University of Michigan which showed that an event caused living creatures in the lake to go extinct approximately every thousand years, and caused nearby vegetation to be swept back into the lake.
Efforts have been under way for several years to develop a solution to remove the gas from these lakes and prevent a build-up that could lead to another catastrophe. A team of French scientists began experimenting at Lake Monoun and Lake Nyos in 1990 using siphons to degas the waters of these lakes in a controlled manner. A pipe is positioned vertically in the lake with its upper end above the water's surface. Water saturated with CO2 enters the bottom of the pipe and rises to the top. The lower pressure at the surface allows the gas to come out of solution
1. Contour Global (CG) US-based Company, through its subsidiary KivuWatt Ltd, is interested in converting Lake Kivu Methane gas energy potential into electrical power generation of 100 MW in two phases. Ideally, the first phase is targeting to deliver to the national grid the electrical power of 25 MW by end 2012 and followed by 75 MW for the second phase.
1. The Rwanda Energy Company (REC) is a subsidiary of Rwanda Investment Group (RIG). This company has been granted a gas concession agreement to develop a gas fired power plant in Rwanda. This pilot project has the objective of producing 3.6 MW in the first phase before moving to the production 50 MW memorandum of Agreement (MoA) with GoR.
1. In March 2005, the first Gas Concession Agreement (GCA) for the extraction of methane gas tapped in deep water of Lake Kivu for power generation was awarded by GoR to the Kibuye Power 1 (KP1) project, with the overall mandate to exhibit the possibility of electricity production from the methane gas. The facility is currently generating almost 2 MW of electricity, half of its installed capacity of 4 MW because of technology bottlenecks.