The Norse god named Tyr
was the god of war. He was also known to be the god of single combat,
heroism, Justice and Law. In some texts Tyr is identified as a son of Odin but his Proto-Germanic name Tiwaz suggests that he was once considered the
father of the gods. One enemy of the Norse gods was named Fenrir
who was also a god but in the form of
a wolf. The gods attempted to chain up Fenrir but he knew of their plot. The wolf said he would not let himself be bound unless one of them put his
hand in his mouth. Since Tyr was courageous he decided to put his hand into Fenrir's mouth while the gods bound him. Tyr lost his hand to the wolf
and that is why he is shown only with one hand.
The Aztec god named Huitzilopochtli
was the god of war. He was also known as the god of the
sun, human sacrifice and patron of the city of Tenochtitlan. He originally was a tribal wizard god of the Nahuas people that had a lesser importance
compared to Tlaloc and Quetzalcoatl. The Aztec ruler called Tlacaelel changed the religion of his time and elevated Huitzilopochtli divinity to that
of Tlaloc and made him a sun god. What is interesting about this god is a legend recorded in the Aubin Codex. It says the Aztecs were originally from
a place called Aztlan and it was Huitzilopochtli who ordered them to leave and find a new home which became Tenochtitlan. In Aztec iconography
Huitzilopochtli is painted with a black face. He is adorned with various feathers possibly that of the humming bird and he is shown holding a scepter
shaped like a snake. His other arm or hand is hidden behind a mirror sometimes fastened to four planks.
At first glance one would conclude the mirror was really a shield. All the images of this god show his hand hidden behind the mirror object and it is
never seen. I just assumed this was his costume and his hand was always hidden inside the strange mirror-shield device. The following art of this war
god shows a different view of the mirror on his hand.
My opinion about this mirror changed when I saw a certain piece of Mixtec art. The image shows a man with a small white mitt over his right hand. The
man seems to be conversing with a lizard with six circles on his back. The image in the background appears to be a Meso-American ballcourt.
It is my belief that the white mitt is actually a prosthetic. I also believe the lizard in the picture is meant to be the same creature
Huitzilopochtli holds in his good hand. Even though one creature is a snake and the other a lizard I think the importance is its reptile nature. The
circles on the back of both creatures gave me this idea. The man in the Mixtec art appears to be the Aztec war god Huitzilopochtli. The mirror object
in the Aztec war god's hand is probably a prosthetic also.
I find it strange that two completely different cultures both gave their war gods missing hands.
Might there be more mythological similarities between these two cultures?
Aztec mythology says there were four previous worlds, or suns prior to the current age of the fifth sun. Different types of cataclysms ended those
ages. The first world was destroyed by flood, the second by violent winds, the third almost by fire and the fourth almost by famine. The Aztecs
believed the fifth world would be destroyed by a giant
Here are some interesting myths regarding the formation of the fifth sun and the consequence of its neglect.
"Quetzalcoatl would not accept the destruction of his people and went to the underworld where he stole their bones from the god
Mictlantecuhtli. He dipped these bones in his own blood to resurrect his people, who reopened their eyes to a sky illuminated by the current sun,
"Should these sacrifices cease, or should mankind fail to please the gods for any other reason, this fifth sun will go black, the world will be
shattered by a catastrophic earthquake, and the Tzitzimitl will slay Huitzilopochtli and all of
The Norse also have a doomsday prophecy relating to the sun and earth shaking events. The prophecy states that on the day of
all the gods go to war with one another. Odin, Thor, Tyr, Freyr and Heimdallr will do
battle with Loki and his three children, Fenrir, Jormungandr and Hel. Loki and Fenrir will be released from their prison bonds on the day of Ragnarok
when the earth shakes violently.
"High describes that the wolf* will first swallow the sun, and then his brother the moon, and mankind will consider the occurrence as a great
disaster resulting in much ruin. The stars will disappear. The earth and mountains will shake so violently that the trees will come loose from the
soil, the mountains will topple, and all restraints will break, causing Fenrir to break free from his bonds."
(*Fenrir's son named Skoll will swallow the sun and his other son named Hati Hroovitnisson will swallow the moon. Some poems say Fenrir consumed the
sun but others say his sons did.)
"With the onset of Ragnarok, Loki is foretold to slip free from his bonds and to fight against the gods among the forces of the jotnar, at
which time he will encounter the god Heimdallr and the two will slay each other."
Another text explains how the day of Ragnarok will effect the sun on earth.
"Ragnarok mirrored in many ways the harsh reality of Viking life. Many of the elements contributing to the end of the world tie directly in to
Norse experience. The event that heralds the end of the world is called Fimbulvetr [Extreme Winter], and is a winter that is so cold that even "the
sun is of no use".
All the reigning gods are to be killed on the day of Ragnarok. Their sons are to rule after them. But what about the sun that was consumed by
Fenrir's sons? Before Odin's demise he asks the "mighty weaver" jotunn about any future sun. The Vafþrúðnismál poem reveals that answer.
"In stanza 46, Odin asks what sun will come into the sky after Fenrir has consumed the sun that exists. Vafþrúðnir responds that Sol will
bear a daughter before Fenrir assails her, and that after Ragnarök this daughter will continue her mother's path."
After the war is over the earth becomes healed and younger gods reign over the land and two human survivors repopulate the planet. If you want to know
more details just search the internet on Norse mythology.
I want to give credit to ATS member Kantzveldt because an image in this thread titled "Mitla...Temple of the Devil and backdoor to Hell" got me
going on this thread.