posted on Sep, 7 2011 @ 12:30 PM
In 1774 a Pennsylvanian Colonist named Joseph Galloway was a member of the First Continental Congress wherein he had proposed a middle ground between
Revolution and oppression. With a vote of 6 states to 5 they postponed consideration of his plan then endorsing the more revolutionary Suffolk
Resolves. By October he was removed as Speaker of the Pennsylvania assembly and replaced by John Dickinson who argued the British Parliament had no
right to tax the colonists.
Galloway was considered a “Loyalist” as he did not want to break from the Crown. Instead his plan was to create a Union between the two with a
written constitution, guaranteed rights of Englishmen, and right of representation in Parliament. The plan proposed an American legislature chosen by
colonial assemblies for 3 year terms, King would appoint a President General to administer the colonies and execute the laws, and the requirement that
no law would be implemented without being approved by both Parliament and American Legislature.
His plan received little traction in the Continental Congress which was motivated towards revolution, resulting in them choosing separation over
compromise. It was then expunged from the journal which prompted him to publish his proposal separate from Congress. With the Congress becoming more
favoring towards Revolution in 1776 he broke with them and left Philadelphia. Within 2 years he would be prompted to flee the Colonies for England
(20% of Loyalists left the Colonies (Loyalists comprised 33% of Colonists)). By 1793 he petitioned the state of Pennsylvania to allow him to return
home; he was denied the right of return.
So by just 1 vote the Colonies rejected his plan of compromise which led ultimately to the American Revolution. Had just 1 more state voted for his
plan, the Colonists would have been given representation, they would have remained part of the Kingdom, and the American Revolution would never have
Plan of Union