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Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has survived two confidence votes meant to determine if he should retain his position as leader of the government. Berlusconi won Tuesday's votes in the Italian Senate and Chamber of Deputies. In the Senate, he won by a vote of 162-135. In the second and most dramatic of Tuesday's votes, Berlusconi survived a confidence motion in the lower house by three votes. If he had lost, Berlusconi would have been forced to resign, halfway through the five-year term of parliament. The parliamentary showdown followed a spate of sex scandals and a dramatic fallout with his one-time closest ally, Gianfranco Fini. The breakup could have deprived Berlusconi of a majority in the lower house, where the outcome was expected to hang on a few undecided lawmakers. Fini, the co-founder of Berlusconi's centre-right People of Freedom party who abandoned the coalition last summer, predicted the premier would lose. Berlusconi had said he was confident he would win both votes.