a reply to: Quantum Logic
Giuseppe Mazzini, The Duties of Man (1860)
Your first duties – first as regards importance – are, as I have already told you, towards
Humanity. You are men before you are either citizens or fathers. If you do not embrace the
whole human family in your affection; if you do not bear witness to your belief in the Unity of
that family, consequent upon the Unity of God, and in that fraternity among the peoples which is
destined to reduce that Unity to action; if, wheresoever a fellow-creature suffers, or the dignity of
human nature is violated by falsehood or tyranny – you are not ready, if able, to aid the unhappy,
and do not feel called upon to combat, if able, for the redemption of the betrayed and oppressed –
you violate your law of life, you comprehend not that Religion which will be the guide and
blessing of the future.
But what can each of you, singly, do for the moral improvement and progress of Humanity? You
can from time to time give sterile utterance to your belief; you may, on some rare occasions,
perform some act of charity towards a brother-man not belonging to your own land – no more.
But charity is not the watchword of the Faith of the Future. The watchword of the faith of the
future is Association and fraternal cooperation towards a common aim; and this is far superior to
all charity, as the edifice which all of you should unite to raise would be superior to the humble
hut each one of you might build alone, or with the mere assistance of lending and borrowing
stone, mortar, and tools.
But, you tell me, you cannot attempt united action, distinct and divided as you are in language,
customs, tendencies, and capacity. The individual is too insignificant, and Humanity too vast...
This means was provided for you by God when He gave you a country; when, even as a wise
overseer of labor distributes the various branches of employment according to the different
capacities of the workmen, he divided Humanity into distinct groups or nuclei upon the face of
the earth, thus creating the germ of nationalities. Evil governments have disfigured the Divine
design. Nevertheless you may still trace it, distinctly marked out - at least as far as Europe is
concerned - by the course of the great rivers, the direction of the higher mountains, and other
geographical conditions. They have disfigured it by their conquests, their greed, and their
jealousy even of the righteous power of others; disfigured it so far that, if we except England and
France, there is not perhaps a single country whose present boundaries correspond to that design.
These governments did not, and do not, recognize any country save their own families or
dynasty, the egoism of caste. But the Divine design will infallibly be realized; natural divisions
and the spontaneous, innate tendencies of the peoples will take the place of the arbitrary
divisions, sanctioned by evil governments. The map of Europe will be redrawn. The countries of
the peoples, defined by the vote of free men, will arise upon the ruins of the countries of kings
and privileged castes, and between these countries harmony and fraternity will exist. And the
common work of Humanity, of general amelioration, and the gradual discovery and application
of its Law of life, being distributed according to local and general capacities, will be wrought out
in peaceful and progressive development and advance. Then may each one of you, fortified by
the power and affection of many millions, all speaking the same language, gifted with the same
tendencies, and educated by the same historical tradition, hope even by your own single efforts
to be able to benefit all Humanity. NOTICE THE WORD HUMANITY ON THE GEORGIA GUIDE STONES...