His argument has been debunked by numerous astronomers for almost two decades now and yet STILL some people (including some here on ATS ) continue to
peddle the Ed Krupp argument and insist that the pyramids of Giza are the "wrong way round" for there to be a proper sky/ground correlation with the
Orion Belt stars.
In my view something very crucial has been totally overlooked in this whole argument and it is a point that proves the validity of Robert Bauval's
view of the correlation whilst, at the same time, entirely crushes the "north-looking" view advocated by Ed Krupp and those who subscribe to his view.
So compelling is this 'New Perspective' on Orion/Giza that I feel it will settle this argument once and for all. And it is really very simple.
So what is this new perspective? Well, it all began with a discussion I was having with Byrd, a Super Moderator here on ATS (who also happens to be a
moderator on the Hall of Ma'at Forum). She presented the image below (the Dendera Astronomical Ceiling) as evidence that Mintaka in Orion's Belt is
the star furthest north towards the pole and, therefore, in order for G3 at Giza (of which Mintaka is the stellar counterpart) to properly reflect
this position on the Dendera celing it should have been placed as the most northerly pyramid.
The Astronomical Ceiling of the Temple of Hathor at Dendera (Orion's Belt is bottom-Right of the image to the right of the falcon on the standard
and next to the reclining bull.)
However, as the image below clearly shows, G3 pyramid is placed furthest south on the Giza plateau when, according to the Dendera Ceiling and those
who adhere to the erroneous Krupp view, it should have been placed furthest north. And, by extensions, G1 pyramid should have been placed furthest
south to agree with the Krupp view and the Dendera ceiling. So how can this seeming contradiction be explained?
Simple - it's all just a matter of perspective. As many here will know, the Ancient Egyptian world view placed north and south in reverse to our
modern convention - this is to say that the AEs regarded south as "UP". Now, the AEs knew their cardinal directions very well. North is where the
'imperishable stars" were observed, south is where Orion's Belt could be observed, east is where the sun rose and west is where the sun set. All very
simple and logical. However, when the AEs observed the stars in the sky they would have to raise their sight ABOVE the horizon i.e. they would have to
look UP. The stars were ABOVE the Ancient Egyptians as they are ABOVE us today. In short, they would have to access the third dimension - UP/DOWN. To
be clear here, UP/DOWN is not the same as north/south. Think of it as tilting your head from the horizon, 90 degrees backwards to view the zenith of
the sky - UP.
So, what's the point? Well, in order to represent a group of stars that exist in three-dimensional space (i.e. that are UP in the sky, one star above
another), then the ONLY way this could be done with the AEs world view that south=UP is to lay out the the Gizamids precisely in the manner they did
(as shown in the diagram above). Of course, the AEs could not 'float' one pyramid above the other here on Earth siince gravity simply will not permit
it. But that is precisely the perspective we must imagine in order for us to see precisely the Gizamids as the AEs envisaged them. As one star in the
belt is higher in the sky (more UP) than the others then the pyramids should be imagined in this three-dimensional way and NOT FLAT on the ground.
Here are some diagrams to help better envisage this (please note - the red outlined circle represents Mintaka whilst the red outlined pyramid
represents G3. The X represents the viewer's position on the ground):
Simply ‘raise’ the pyramids ‘UP’ (i.e. imagine them in the air) and the correlation makes perfect sense. By the same token if we then take
what Ed Krupp proposed (i.e. G1 should be furthest south and G3 furthest north), the 3-D result is a complete mismatch. See below:
The Ed Krupp view of how the pyramids should have been arranged to better reflect the Orion Belt stars would have G3 as the BASE (bottom) pyramid with
G2 and G1 'floating' above. He would have G1 furthest south hence furthest UP in the sky which simply does not reflect the position of Al Nitak, G1's
And even if we imagine ourselves outside a celestial sphere upon which the stars are fixed (i.e. we are looking from behind Orion’s Belt towards the
Earth) the Krupp correlation would still make no sense whilst the arrangement we actually find at Giza fits perfectly but we MUST consider the
arrangement of the Gizamids in THREE dimensions, not two i.e. furthest south is FURTHEST ‘UP’ (in the sky). Thus the flat, two-dimensional ceiling
at Dendera cannot adequately express the three-dimensional aspect of the stars in the night sky. Mintaka will only have the illusion of being nearer
to the pole (i.e. the centre of the ceiling) but in reality it's not. The Ancient Egyptians knew where the cardinal directions were (North, South,
East and West) but they also
knew UP and DOWN for they lived in the same three-dimensional space that we do.This UP/DOWN 3-D aspect simply
cannot be expressed on a two-dimensional plain such as the Dendera Astronomical Ceiling.
I hope this better explains my own persepctive on the O.C.T. and why I consider the actual arrangement of the structures we find at Giza today to be
the best representation of the Belt stars since this arrangement reflects the AEs world view and not our modern view and expresses their world voew
three-dimensionally onto a two-dimensional plain. The Ed Krupp view, in this regard, fails utterly and completely as a correlation. The Ancient
Egyptians got it right.
edit on 22/11/2010 by Scott Creighton because: Fix typo.