The Zapotec capital of Dhauya quch o Dauyacach, or the "Hill of the Sacred Stones," holds many fascinating items. To the untrained eye, it looks
much like Mayan ruins, however, their are many differences.
Dhauya quch o Dauyacach is build on top of an artificially leveled ridge. It contains structures and carvings although the meanings of these are
still under debate. The rise of the city is a mystery. How did a new group of people take control of a site that command three important valleys.
There is no history of war over this site. Then the size and architecture of the site is distinctive. The most interesting feature of this place are
the pygmy tunnels that run underneath of it. Finally, the demise of the city is not recorded.
The carvings seem to represent both African and Caucasian men. A group of stones originally called "The Dancers" has now been reassigned as
mutilated enemies. This would indicate some form or war and conquest, yet there is no records of war and violence. The tomb paintings are still
colorful after centuries.
"Hill of the Sacred Stones" is also known as Monte Alban near Oaxaca, Mexico. The first mention I could find was in 1859. Since then several major
investigations have been done. The ruins are huge, the Main Plaza measures 300 meters by 200 meters.
Some of the tunnels are well know and explored, but some are enigmatic. The first was discovered in 1932, but wasn’t explored until 1933. It was
narrow, only 20 inches high and 25 inches wide. Explorers had to inch through the narrow passage for 195 ft, finally coming to a tomb a skeleton, an
incense burner, and funeral urns; there were also ornaments of jade, turquoise, and stone, and a few pearls. A blockage just beyond this find
necessitated digging a 25 ft. shaft past the impasse.
"As they wormed along the next stretch, they found even smaller passages, no more than a foot high, branching off the main tunnel. Leading down into
one of these was a tiny flight of steps. At a distance of 320 feet from the main entrance, the archaeologists found another skeleton, and a few yards
beyond this, at the edge of the northern terrace of the great plaza, the tunnel came to an end."
"The excavators’ initial guess that they had discovered a drainage system was abandoned. Also ruled out was the idea that the tunnels had been a
network of emergency escape routes (or had been of any other service to humans of ordinary size), and official speculation about their purpose ceased.
Since then, the pygmy tunnels of Monte Alban have remained one of the major mysteries of the unexplained."
So, who built the tiny tunnels and why?