Well, first things first, the graphics for this stuff shown to the general public are basically arbitrary representations of really watered down
explanations. So, trying to understand this type of physics from these graphics or explanations is pretty futile and will probably give you an
incorrect understanding of these concepts, or simply hamper you from understanding them, period.
It may not be the answer you want, but if you really want to understand or learn this, the first step is to sit down and open a good math textbook,
because you are going to need at least basic college level math for the next step. The next step, read the good books on this stuff, topics from what
I understand you are interested in, would be Cosmology and General Relativity. And, what I mean by good books are books that are not the watered down
for the masses type of books, basically if you find it at new price for less than 80$ chuck it.
Though there are a few interesting intro books to physics in general that include those topics, I will list them: “The Fabric of the Cosmos by Brian
Greene”, “A Stubbornly Persistent Illusion by Stephen Hawking” (I haven’t read this one yet, but it’s suppose to be good), “On the
Shoulder of Giants by Stephen Hawking”. These are a few of the ones I can think of at this moment, I am sure there are more.
As for the proper full on books, I myself don’t have a list as most of the ones my research leads too are currently out of my price range, usually
120$ plus. I also am currently really rusty on both my math and physics, but I will be working on that soon; so if you really are interested, ask
again and I will dig up my massive to read book list on this stuff from the dark depths of my notes.
And I am sure you would want it sum up from me, anyways. As I have mentioned before I am currently a bit rusty so, bare with me as my answers maybe be
I will list the points that come to mind at the moment:
-First you are basing this on the assumed notion that space is suppose to be expanding or is expanding, this is, to this day still heavily debated. As
I have said before throw out the balloon idea, this is for school children who don’t actually care to understand how this works.
-Your second paragraph deals with the idea of mapping or coordinating expanding multi dimensional space. I, myself have pondered this for a while and
have not come across a decent idea or solution to this by others, though I do have my own ideas, but they will probably not suffice you. I am sure
those in Universities ponder this all the time and may have written papers on it, I myself have not been to serious about looking into this, if you
really want to know, start by phoning your local physics professor and ask him where to start looking.
-The last point leads to this point, you assume space is 3d, while in general it is accepted in physics that it is not, though things are still
treated as acting in 3d for Newtonian physics and classical models (Which both in general are considered out dated, but still have use.).
-in general space is debated from being 4 – 13 dimensional. I could be wrong on this, but most theories I read are somewhere in there.
If you want my ideas and thoughts and explanations I am way too tired to try to write them out in a coherent form today.
As for summing up the popular theories or the more well known ones I am also too tired to do that and am really rusty on it, so as I have said before
its best to look it up elsewhere, by good books or actual papers or by talking to physics professors first hand.
Ultimately if you really want to understand this stuff it’s going to take some work, and sadly you most likely will not be truly satisfied here on
If however you want to hear a bunch of random opinions which in most cases are horribly off on the matter, ATS is the place to be.
For the record I originally came to ATS to talk about such matters, but learned that there are so very few who actually know anything about these
subjects on ATS and only a hand full of decent threads.
Note: my past threads on these issues are/were horrible since I was a fool in my youth and rambled on in half sleep rants with grade 10 or lower
knowledge on this stuff, since then I have actually cleaned up my act.
P.S. You might be lucky and get some one better then me to reply.