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Main Entry: skep•tic
Etymology: Latin or Greek; Latin scepticus, from Greek skeptikos, from skeptikos thoughtful, from skeptesthai to look, consider — more at spy
1 : an adherent or advocate of skepticism
2 : a person disposed to skepticism especially regarding religion or religious principles
Main Entry: skep•ti•cism
1 : an attitude of doubt or a disposition to incredulity either in general or toward a particular object
2 a : the doctrine that true knowledge or knowledge in a particular area is uncertain b : the method of suspended judgment, systematic doubt, or criticism characteristic of skeptics
3 : doubt concerning basic religious principles (as immortality, providence, and revelation)
synonyms see uncertainty
Main Entry: the•o•ry
Pronunciation: \ˈthē-ə-rē, ˈthir-ē\
Inflected Form(s): plural the•o•ries
Etymology: Late Latin theoria, from Greek theōria, from theōrein
1 : the analysis of a set of facts in their relation to one another
2 : abstract thought : speculation
3 : the general or abstract principles of a body of fact, a science, or an art
4 a : a belief, policy, or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action b : an ideal or hypothetical set of facts, principles, or circumstances —often used in the phrase in theory
5 : a plausible or scientifically acceptable general principle or body of principles offered to explain phenomena
6 a : a hypothesis assumed for the sake of argument or investigation b : an unproved assumption : conjecture c : a body of theorems presenting a concise systematic view of a subject
synonyms see hypothesis
Main Entry: athe•ist
: one who believes that there is no deity
— athe•is•tic \ˌā-thē-ˈis-tik\ or athe•is•ti•cal \ˌā-thē-ˈis-ti-kəl\ adjective
— athe•is•ti•cal•ly \-ti-k(ə-)lē\ adverb
Main Entry: athe•ism
Etymology: Middle French athéisme, from athée atheist, from Greek atheos godless, from a- + theos god
1 archaic : ungodliness, wickedness
2 a : a disbelief in the existence of deity b : the doctrine that there is no deity
Main Entry: re·li·gion
Etymology: Middle English religioun, from Anglo-French religiun, Latin religion-, religio supernatural constraint, sanction, religious practice, perhaps from religare to restrain, tie back — more at rely
Date: 13th century
1 a : the state of a religious b (1) : the service and worship of God or the supernatural (2) : commitment or devotion to religious faith or observance
2 : a personal set or institutionalized system of religious attitudes, beliefs, and practices
3 archaic : scrupulous conformity : conscientiousness
4 : a cause, principle, or system of beliefs held to with ardor and faith
— re·li·gion·less adjective
Main Entry: fun•da•men•tal•ism
1 a often capitalized : a movement in 20th century Protestantism emphasizing the literally interpreted Bible as fundamental to Christian life and teaching b : the beliefs of this movement c : adherence to such beliefs
2 : a movement or attitude stressing strict and literal adherence to a set of basic principles
— fun•da•men•tal•ist \-tə-list\ noun
— fundamentalist or fun•da•men•tal•is•tic \-ˌmen-tə-ˈlis-tik\ adjective
Main Entry: opin•ion
Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin opinion-, opinio, from opinari
Date: 14th century
1 a : a view, judgment, or appraisal formed in the mind about a particular matter b : approval, esteem
2 a : belief stronger than impression and less strong than positive knowledge b : a generally held view
3 a : a formal expression of judgment or advice by an expert b : the formal expression (as by a judge, court, or referee) of the legal reasons and principles upon which a legal decision is based
— opin•ioned \-yənd\ adjective
synonyms opinion, view, belief, conviction, persuasion, sentiment mean a judgment one holds as true. opinion implies a conclusion thought out yet open to dispute . view suggests a subjective opinion . belief implies often deliberate acceptance and intellectual assent
Main Entry: cen•sor•ship
Date: circa 1591
1 a : the institution, system, or practice of censoring b : the actions or practices of censors; especially : censorial control exercised repressively
2 : the office, power, or term of a Roman censor
3 : exclusion from consciousness by the psychic censor
Main Entry: 1cen·sor
Etymology: Latin, Roman magistrate, from censēre to give as one's opinion, assess; perhaps akin to Sanskrit śaṁsati he praises
1 : a person who supervises conduct and morals: as a : an official who examines materials (as publications or films) for objectionable matter b : an official (as in time of war) who reads communications (as letters) and deletes material considered sensitive or harmful
2 : one of two magistrates of early Rome acting as census takers, assessors, and inspectors of morals and conduct
3 : a hypothetical psychic agency that represses unacceptable notions before they reach consciousness
— cen·so·ri·al \sen-ˈsȯr-ē-əl\ adjective
Main Entry: 1mor·al
Pronunciation: \ˈmȯr-əl, ˈmär-\
Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin moralis, from mor-, mos custom
Date: 14th century
1 a : of or relating to principles of right and wrong in behavior : ethical b : expressing or teaching a conception of right behavior c : conforming to a standard of right behavior d : sanctioned by or operative on one's conscience or ethical judgment e : capable of right and wrong action
2 : probable though not proved : virtual
3 : perceptual or psychological rather than tangible or practical in nature or effect
— mor·al·ly \-ə-lē\ adverb
synonyms moral, ethical, virtuous, righteous, noble mean conforming to a standard of what is right and good. moral implies conformity to established sanctioned codes or accepted notions of right and wrong . ethical may suggest the involvement of more difficult or subtle questions of rightness, fairness, or equity . virtuous implies moral excellence in character . righteous stresses guiltlessness or blamelessness and often suggests the sanctimonious . noble implies moral eminence and freedom from anything petty, mean, or dubious in conduct and character .
Main Entry: eth·ic
Etymology: Middle English ethik, from Middle French ethique, from Latin ethice, from Greek ēthikē, from ēthikos
Date: 14th century
1 plural but sing or plural in constr : the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation
2 a : a set of moral principles : a theory or system of moral values —often used in plural but singular or plural in construction b plural but sing or plural in constr : the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group c : a guiding philosophy d : a consciousness of moral importance
3 plural : a set of moral issues or aspects (as rightness)
Main Entry: Na·zi
Pronunciation: \ˈnät-sē, ˈnat-\
Etymology: German, by shortening & alteration from Nationalsozialist, from national national + Sozialist socialist
1 : a member of a German fascist party controlling Germany from 1933 to 1945 under Adolf Hitler
2 often not capitalized a : one who espouses the beliefs and policies of the German Nazis : fascist b : one who is likened to a German Nazi : a harshly domineering, dictatorial, or intolerant person
— nazi adjective often capitalized
— na·zi·fi·ca·tion \ˌnät-si-fə-ˈkā-shən, ˌnat-\ noun often capitalized
— na·zi·fy \ˈnät-si-ˌfī, ˈnat-\ transitive verb often capitalized
Main Entry: sci·en·tism
1 : methods and attitudes typical of or attributed to the natural scientist
2 : an exaggerated trust in the efficacy of the methods of natural science applied to all areas of investigation (as in philosophy, the social sciences, and the humanities)
— sci·en·tis·tic \ˌsī-ən-ˈtis-tik\ adjective
In a general sense, skepticism or scepticism (Greek: skeptomai, to look about, to consider) refers to any doctrine or way of thought denying the ability of our mind to reach certainty.
Originating in the human tendency to question the reliability of any statement before accepting it, skepticism has taken on a variety of forms throughout the ages. It can refer both to an attitude in ordinary life and to philosophical positions. Skepticism is often contrasted with dogmatism, the position that certain truth can be reached by the application of an appropriate method. Epistemology, the inquiry into the conditions for certainty in knowing, has led practically every thinker to adopt, at least temporarily, some form of limited skepticism in one regard or another. And some of the greatest philosophers, such as David Hume, have come to the conclusion that certain knowledge is essentially unattainable. By its very nature, skepticism is unsatisfactory as an end result. Whether it is ultimately embraced or rejected thus depends in great part on one’s general outlook of life, pessimism being generally associated with the skeptical option. In any case, however, skepticism has played an irreplaceable role as a catalyst in the history of philosophy.
It is difficult to respond to such a large post while maintaining any sort of cohesion. Though given the spirit of this thread is to try and find common ground with terms we all use and see. I am uncertain why you seem to have the "Gotcha" attitude of the last point of "Scientism".
The purpose is the actual meanings. For example though true that a "Nazi" is literally someone belonging to the Nazi party-when one calls a Fox News caster, or a Democratic Senator a Nazi, they are not actually calling them a member of the party... are they?
2 often not capitalized a : one who espouses the beliefs and policies of the German Nazis : fascist
b : one who is likened to a German Nazi : a harshly domineering, dictatorial, or intolerant person
Some various points of response would be like Morality which someone already commented on and I replied to.
Another one that lept out at me was "Skepticism".
A dictionary makes a summary, a deffinition to fit within a paragraph or less. Something functional bu incompleted. One fo the things cited was epistemology. I find this ironic: The terms such as Skepticism have their origins in philisophy yet the dictionary did not mention how.
But what dictionaries say versus what we use or try and use.
As a side note:Synonyms do nothing to show definition. When talking about Eagles-saying it is like a Sparrow really does not help.
Main Entry: syn·o·nym
Etymology: Middle English sinonyme, from Latin synonymum, from Greek synōnymon, from neuter of synōnymos synonymous, from syn- + onyma name — more at name
Date: 15th century
1 : one of two or more words or expressions of the same language that have the same or nearly the same meaning in some or all senses
2 a : a word or phrase that by association is held to embody something (as a concept or quality) b : metonym
3 : one of two or more scientific names used to designate the same taxonomic group — compare homonym
— syn·o·nym·ic \ˌsi-nə-ˈni-mik\ also syn·o·nym·i·cal \-mi-kəl\ adjective
— syn·o·nym·i·ty \-ˈni-mə-tē\ noun
To say it again: My only agenda is to get people to define common used terms, which are used wrong.
Watcher: TY for posting the dictionary. I should have done that previously in addition to the paragraphs I wrote. Suppose I was a bit lazy