Since my opponent has failed to post in the 24 hours after my opening post, I will continue with my first argument
The Mayan Calender
As I mentioned before, the 2012 doomsday prophecy centralises around the end of the Mayan calender on December 21st, 2012. This, in actual fact, is
The Mayan calender is actually composed of several different calenders, which can be interlocked and combined to create a more complexed calender.
Tzolk'in: also known as the Maya sacred round, it lasts 260 days. This calender was important in determining religious and celebratory events within
the Mayan culture.
Haab': Similar to the calender we use, it was composed of 365 days, starting on the winter solstice.
Long Count: Used to measure dates longer than 52 years (which was considered a lifetime in the Mayan culture)
The one calender we will focus on, the one that is the cause of the entire 2012 theory, is known as the long term calender.Just like the normal
calender we follow today, the long term calender ends, and begins again.
There vare however several major differences. It was originally used to measure dates that would last longer the Mayan lifetime, using a 20 base
character system. The western calender uses a 10 character system. Each of these 20 phases is known as a Tun. There are 2 smaller numbers which are
used to specify smaller periods within the Tun, or to make the Tun. These are the K'in and the Winal. Each of these units resets to zero at the end
of its respective phase.
Here is a simple version of 5 different units used to measure.
1 day= 1 K'in
20 days= 20 K'in = 1 Winal= 0.055 solar years
360 days= 18 Winal= 1 Tun= 1 solar year
7200 days= 20 Tun= K'atun= 19.7 solar years
144,000 days= 20 K'atun= 1 B'ak'tun= 394.3 years
As an exapmle of how it works, 28 days is interpreted as 0.0.0.1.8. The first character being the B'ak'tun, the second being the K'atun, the third
being the Tun, the fourth being the Winal, and the last being the K'in. So in explanation, the last character being 8 is equal to 8 K'in, and one
day. The second last being 1 winal, which is equal to 20 days....thus 0.0.0.1.8 equals 28 solar days.
Its a complex method to compare to our own dates, but according to scholars, the Mayan long term calender does not
end on December 21, 2012.
Considering it begun on August 11 3114BS, the assumption that the calender ends on the 21/12/12, is totally wrong.
Misinterpretation of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar is the basis for a New Age belief that a cataclysm will take place on December 21, 2012.
December 21, 2012 is simply the last day of the 13th b'ak'tun. But that is not the end of the Long Count because the 14th through 20th b'ak'tuns
are still to come.
As my opponent has not yet posted in the required time, I will leave my first argument as a simple one. I also have no socratic questions for this