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Potential New Drugs: 970 Million And Still Counting
There are more than 970 million chemicals suitable for study as new drugs, according to a new study. (Credit: iStockphoto/Don Wilkie)
ScienceDaily (July 6, 2009) — Like astronomers counting stars in the familiar universe of outer space, chemists in Switzerland are reporting the latest results of a survey of chemical space — the so-called chemical universe where tomorrow's miracle drugs may reside. The scientists conclude, based on this phase of the ongoing count, that there are 970 million chemicals suitable for study as new drugs.
The study represents the largest publicly available database of virtual molecules ever reported, the researchers say.
In the report, Reymond and Blum describe development of a new searchable database, GDB-13, that scientists can use in the quest for new drugs. It consists of all molecules containing up to 13 atoms of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, and chlorine under rules that define chemical stability and synthetic feasibility. The researchers identified more than 970 million possible structures, the vast majority of which have never been produced in the lab. Some of these molecules could lead to the design and production of new drugs for fighting disease, they say.
1. Blum et al. 970 Million Druglike Small Molecules for Virtual Screening in the Chemical Universe Database GDB-13. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2009; 131 (25): 8732 DOI: 10.1021/ja902302h
Adapted from materials provided by American Chemical Society.