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...organism that was discovered in a South African gold mine, nearly 3km beneath the Earth's surface...
The rod-shaped bacterium, named Desulforudis audaxviator, exists in total darkness, with no oxygen and in 60°C heat. But, most importantly, it is the first known species to live in isolation in its own ecosystem, say researchers in a report by the Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory in California, one of a number of institutions involved in the research.
"One question that has arisen when considering the capacity of other planets to support life is whether organisms can exist independently, without access even to the sun,"