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Almost 200 people aged 45 to 80, all with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee, were given either a strongly magnetic bracelet, a non-magnetic one, or one which was only weakly magnetic.
After 12 weeks of wearing the bracelets all day, all three groups reported less pain. The strong and weak magnet groups did report less pain than the non-magnetic bracelet groups.
But there was no statistically significant difference between the strong and weak magnet groups, as would be expected if the magnetic bracelet did have an actual physical effect.
Mark Winemiller of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, believes a placebo is the most likely explanation. "Without a plausible, or even proposed, mechanism, it's difficult for me to accept results as valid," he says. "The placebo effect is much more likely than any actual effect."
Bee pollen contains:
* All the essential amino acids
* A full spectrum of vitamins especially vitamins B12 and E; and significant amounts of B1, B2, B3, B5, C, and vitamin D
* Various minerals including calcium, manganese, phosphorous, iron, sodium, potassium, aluminium, magnesium and copper
* Trace elements and enzymes (including antioxidants), and co-enzymes, pigments, xanthophylls, carotenes, and sterols, phytosterols, lignans (dibenzyl butanes) isoflavones and flavonoids
* Hormone precursors (which stimulate hormone production and help anti-ageing)
* Carbohydrates and fatty acids