I would like to start off by thanking The Vagabond for taking the time to run this tournament, as well as my opponent, Intrepid, who appears to have had similiar luck with debate tournament as I have. Fear not, my esteemed friend, I won't be letting you win by default.
Iraq: Cultures in Crisis
What exactly is the problem in Iraq? After all, didn't the United States bring democracy to them by removing Saddam Hussein? Yet democracy is precisely what is causing the downfall of the Iraqi people. There are several ethnic groups present in Iraq, which surprisingly enough, vote along ethnic and religious lines. The groups are Sunni, Shia, Kurds, Assyrians, Mandeans, Iraqi Turkmen, Shabaks, Roma, and others I am forgetting to mention.
But it is a democracy! Why shouldn't everyone get along? During the reign of Suddam Hussein, everyone was not treated equally, with discrimination along ethnic and religious groups being the norm. Under democracy, things should be better. Right? Well, reality is proving otherwise. The discrimination has gotten worse, not better. The vote ended up being more like a census of the different ethnic groups then a true accountability for getting the best candidate in office.
Democracy only works when everyone is treated equally under the government. However, when a majority rules, they can impose laws, restrictions, and outright harm against minority groups. This isn't a question of Republican versus Democrat. This is a blood feud, going back to before the region was founded. Some of the extremists are not interested in merely suppressing the opposition, but rather genocide.
It's Started Already, Hasn't It?
Iraq is currently experiencing a civil war. Our own government admits to this. This is all easily proven. Death squads wander the streets. Suicide bombings are commonplace. The death toll has been steadily rising since the United States moved in. Their own militia refuses to serve in areas of different ethnic background, and in some cases abandon their posts entirely. Chaos is everywhere.
The majority is forcing its will on the minority under the guise of democracy. The minority is fighting with their backs to the wall. It is a messy situation that will not be resolved by simply declaring a democracy and allowing things to run their course. The Kurds have even formed their own automonous region with their own military control.
Here is a detailed report on analyzing the current situation there that will shed some light on those who haven't kept up on the subject.
* Stabilizing Iraq: An Assessment of the Security Situation
The report includes a map showing the ethnic distribution in Iraq, which would be key to determining how the country should be broken up.
Seperating the Brawlers
The different cultures already control different regions of Iraq. The north is dominated by the Kurds. The central is dominated by the Sunni. The south is dominated by the Shiite. Meanwhile, the government plan submitted by Shiite representatives would give then control over the Sunni oil fields. This isn't democracy, but rather a majority forcing its view on the minority through shear force. Similar to a school yard bully.
So, how does the conflict get resolved? Separate the groups. Form static borders. Create individual countries. Let them rule themselves, and give their own people celebrate their own traditions and heritage without the oppression forced upon them by other groups.
From The fantasy is over, we must partition Iraq and get out now, Times Online
In much of Iraq everything points to a looming conflict between Shi’ites and Sunnis. To all who know these people, this is an utter tragedy, brought on by the coalition’s continued presence and its failure to establish order. All recent experience of such conflict, whether in Ulster, Palestine, Sudan or Yugoslavia, sees it resolved into population movement and ethnic cleansing. This is now proceeding bloodily in and round Baghdad. It will bring an awful residue of ghost districts, refugee camps, revenge attacks and safe havens.
In Yugoslavia the solution, abetted by western intervention, was partition. In Iraq America began the same process by guaranteeing de facto autonomy to Kurdistan. That logic must now be followed to its conclusion. Partition was always the most likely outcome. This view is at last gaining traction in Washington, advocated by Joe Biden, the Senate foreign relations chairman.
This Doesn't Sound Simple
I never said this would be easy. It should have been done immediately after unseating Suddam Hussein. Our own government acknowledges this fact. Their own constitution acknowledges this as a possibility. Each of the different groups deserves the same automity granted to the Kurds... by the Kurds.
Statements by President Bush show he seems to lack understanding on what is actually going on in Iraq. He has rejected suggestions of breaking up the country into separate pieces. The evidence will show that there is large support for this idea, including from his own administration.
Questions, or lack there of
At this time I will not ask any questions until I have a chance to read my opponent's views on the subject.