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Israel is facing its worst drought in a decade.
The Water Authority announced this week that due to low precipitation, high irrigation consumption and pollution, the amount of usable water supplies in the country were at a 10-year low.
By year's end, the authority said, the Sea of Galilee's level looks likely to drop below the so-called "black line," when pumping will have to stop as the machinery will no longer be submerged.
A main concern to Israel continues to be Syrian insistence on Israeli withdrawal to the pre-1967 border (which was not the international border, but merely the 1949 armistice line). This would give Damascus control of the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee — Israel's main source of fresh water. Israel wishes to retain control of the Sea of Galilee and says the border is located ten meters to the east of the shore.
The water issue may hold up the Middle East peace talks.
Palestinians gathering water from a spring in their village use a quarter as much water as their Israeli neighbours.
Israel shows no signs of returning land with access to rivers or underground supplies.
Palestinian leaders believe that to ensure peace Israel must release land and water and change the way it uses supplies.
They've got to change their crops, cut down on citrus, cut down on rice," explains Mr Sha'ath.
"You grow rice and cotton in the desert. They are the most water-consuming crops of all."
Israeli farmer Tal Adler has left a huge proportion of his land unplanted this year because he knows he will not be able to water it.
Tal Adler:"I think we should supply our own food"
Supplies piped to Israeli farmers were cut by 40% last year because of drought.
Israel cut the amount it allowed to flow to its neighbours, too.