Complex 2030 Vision
The DOE, through NNSA and in partnership with the DoD, ensures the United States has a safe, secure, and reliable nuclear deterrent. Make changes to
reflect reality that the Cold War is over, achieving a deterrent with the lowest possible number of nuclear warheads. Transfrom the NNSA nuclear
weapons complex into a responsive infrastructure that supports the specific stockpile requirements and maintains the essential capabilities needed for
an uncertain global future. Reliable Replacement Warheads (RRW) concepts with less stringent warhead design constraints than those imosed on Cold War
systems would be more easily and efficiently manufactured at fewer, more modernized facilities within the Complex, with safer and more environmentally
benign materials. Although the stockpile would be smaller in 2030, deterrence would be enhacned because the transformed complex would be fully
capable, sufficiently flexiable to fix technical problems in the stockpile, and respond to adverse geopolitical change.
The nuclear weapons complex of the future would include an integrated set of labs and plants that apply leading edge science and technology to nuclear
weapon design and production and provide the capability to respoind to technological surprise.
As the transition progresses, the NNSA national laboratories would become part of a broader fabric of scientific and engineering
capabilities that support the nation's national security and economic competitiveness. The national labs would serve as the gateway for the
nation's best scientists to apply their talents to leading edge national security science and technology problems.
This report addresses elements of a transformation plan would seek to transition to an all-RRW stockpile, subject to necessary appropiations,
appropiate review, the development of successful technologies and other contingencies. Three contingencies that we must consider:
1) RRW is successfully fielded in the 2012-2014 timeframe and the stockpile begins a transition over the coming decades to an all-RRW stockpile.
2) RRW is successfully fielded but a determination is made that it would be better to maintain diversity in the stockpile by fielding a mixed
stockpile consisting of both Cold War legacy warheads and RRW warheads.
3) NNSA/DOD are not successful in fielding RRW and must sustain a Cold War legacy stockpile for foreseeable future.
Transformation Plan To Achieve Complex 2030
NNSA leadership, in consultation with the DoD, develop a strategry to achieve a responsive infrastructure for the Complex of the future. This
strategry is articulated in Complex 2030: An Infrastructure Planning Scenario for a Nuclear Weapons Complex Able to Meet the Threats of the 21st
Century. The plan is cost-effective and addresses the objectives outlined in Sec 3111 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2007.
Transformation to Complex 2030 relies on implementation of four strategies:
1) Transform the Stockpile: In partnership with the DoD, transform the nuclear stockpile through development of RRWs, refurbishment of limited numbers
of legacy designs, and accelerated dismantlement of the Cold War stockpile;
2) Transform the Complex: Transform to a modernized, cost-effective nuclear weapons complex;
3) Transform the Operation of the Complex: Create a fully integrated and interdependent nuclear weapons complex; and,
4) Drive the Science and Technology Base: Drive the science and technology base essential for long-term national security.
By Jan 2007, the following commitments were complete:
1)delivering first production unites,
2) delivering the full capability of the Advanced Simulation and Computing Purple Machine,
3)updating pit lifetime estimates, and
4)supporting the Nuclear Weapons Council decision in November 2006 to proceed with the RRW.
By FY 2008, the following commitments will be met:
1)continuing to deliver NNSA's products to DoD,
2)eliminating the backlog of surveillance units
3)accelerating the dismantlement of retired weapons,
4)delivering the W76-1 first production unit,
5)certifying the W88 with a new pit and manufacturing 10 W88 pits in 2007,
6)extracting tritium for use in the stockpile at the new Tritium Extraction Facility.
Complex 2030 is neither the Cold War Complex, nor today's Complex. In the 1980s, the Complex contained fourteen sites; it contains eight today. By
2030, these sites would be integrated and interdependent, and the portion of the Complex required to perform nuclear deterrence would be smaller.
Modern research, development, engineering and production facilities would be working together to support the Complex as a whole in a smaller
Table 3.1: Comparison of the Complex Today and the Proposed Complex in 2030.
This is table essentially highlighting all the infrastructure and function of the Complex Today and how those specifics listed will change by 2030 in
the Proposed Complex.
of Complex 2030 being a strategic nuclear deterrent.
DOE completed the orginal Stockpile Stewardship and Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (SSM-PEIS) in 1996. DOE and NNSA have
implemented a number of major programmatic decisions regarding the Complex over the past 10 years that were based on the SSM-PEIS as well as othe
assessments. These have decisions to pursue the following activities:
- Constructing the National Ignition Facility (NIF)
- Constructing the Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Testing (DARHT) facility
- Consolidating uranim production at Y-12
- Establishing a small interim plutonium pit fabrication capability at Los Alamos, while continuing to evaluate the need for future production
- Down-sizing assembly and disassembly capacity at Pantex
- Down-sizing non-nuclear component production at the Pinellas and Mound Plants
- Transferring neutron generator production to Sandia National Labs (SNL)
- Storing strategic reserves of highly enriched uranium at Y-12
- Storing strategic reserves of plutonium at Pantex
On Oct 19, 2006, NNSA issued a notice stating it would prepare a supplement to the SSM-PEIS to analyze the environmental impacts of the continued
transfromation of the Complex. NNSA pushes to continue modernization of the Complex; selecting sites for a plutonium center and pit manufacturing.