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In August 1949, the Special Operations Division operatives infiltrated the world's largest office building and sprayed bacteria into the Pentagon's air handling system, which then spread them throughout the structure.
The operatives moved to larger scale testing, releasing clouds containing supposedly harmless bacteria from Navy ships off Norfolk, Virginia, in April 1950, and the San Francisco coast in September 1950. The San Francisco experiments showed exposure among almost all of the city's 800,000 residents. Had the bacteria released been anthrax bacteria or some other virulent pathogen, the number of casualties would have been immense.
In response to an Air Force request, in 1953 the Chemical Corps created the St Jo Program and operatives staged mock anthrax attacks on St. Louis, Minneapolis, and Winnipeg. The bacteria were released from generators placed on top of cars, and local governments were told that "invisible smokescreen[s]" were being deployed to mask the city on enemy radar. The next stage was to increase dispersal patterns, dispensing particles from airplanes to find out how wide of an area they would affect. The first Large Area Concept experiment, in 1957, involved dispersing microorganisms over a swath from South Dakota to Minnesota; monitoring revealed that some of the particles eventually traveled some 1200 miles away. Further tests covered areas from Ohio to Texas and Michigan to Kansas. In the Army's words, these experiments "proved the feasibility of covering large areas of the country with [biological weapons] agents."
Open-air testing continued through the 1960s, with the Special Operations Division operatives simulating even more audacious assaults. In 1965 they spread bacteria throughout Washington's National Airport; a year later, agents dropped light bulbs filled with organisms onto the tracks in New York's subway system. "I think it spread pretty good," participant Wally Pannier later said, "because you had a natural aerosol developed every few minutes from every train that went past."
Originally posted by Shadowflux
The scariest parts of the documentary dealt with the secret testing governments had done during WWII. The most atrocious was the Japanese testing on Chinese peasants. The Japanese would simply drive into a town and abduct whoever they pleased, they'd then infect them with all manner of vicious bioweapons and rare diseases to monitor the effect on a human subject. I believe it said they had even infected a whole Chinese village with the plague (but don't quote me on that one).
The conspiracies just kept rolling out in this documentary, but one I had never heard of was the way the U.S dealt with the war crimes trials of the Japanese scientists involved in the biological testing. Since the U.S couldn't condone testing on living humans they wanted the Japanese records from the tests during the war. In order to get them they had to grant all the Japanese scientists amnesty from war crimes and pretty much set them all free. These tests, in many way, rivaled any testing the Nazis had done.