you shall not lie was never a commandment...
Division and interpretation
"I am the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of slavery..."
This commandment is to believe in the existence of God and His influence on events in the world, and that the goal of the redemption from Egypt was to
become His servants (Rashi).
"Thou shall have no other gods besides Me... Do not make a sculpted image or any likeness of what is in the heavens above..."
This prohibits belief in or worship of any additional deities or fashioning them.
"Thou shall not swear falsely by the name of the LORD..."
This commandment is to never take the name of God in a vain, pointless or insincere oath (Rashi). This includes four types of prohibited oaths: an
oath affirming as true a matter one knows to be false, an oath that affirms the patently obvious, an oath denying the truth of a matter one knows to
be true, and an oath to perform an act that is beyond one's capabilities.
"Remember [zachor] the Sabbath day and keep it holy" (the version in Deuteronomy reads shamor, "observe")
The seventh day of the week is termed Shabbat and is holy, just as God ceased creative activity during Creation. The aspect of zachor (remember) is
performed by declaring the greatness of the day (kiddush), by having three festive meals and by engaging in Torah study and pleasurable activities.
The aspect of shamor is performed by abstaining from the 39 melachot (forbidden categories of activity) on the Shabbat.
"Thou shall honour your father and your mother..."
The obligation to honor one's parents is an obligation that one owes to God and fulfills this obligation through one's actions towards one's
"Thou shall not murder"
Killing an innocent human being is a capital sin.
"Thou shall not commit adultery."
Adultery is defined as cohabitation with a married woman (Rashi).
"Thou shall not steal."
This is not understood as stealing in the conventional sense, since theft of property is forbidden elsewhere and is not a capital offense. In this
context it is to be taken as "do not kidnap" (Rashi).
"Thou shall not bear false witness against your neighbor"
One must not bear false witness in a court of law or other proceeding.
"Thou shall not covet your neighbor's house..."
One is forbidden to desire and plan how one may obtain that which God has given to another. Maimonides makes a distinction in codifying the laws
between the instruction given here in Exodus (You shall not covet) and that given in Deuteronomy (You shall not desire), according to which one does
not violate the Exodus commandment unless there is a physical action associated with the desire, even if this is legally purchasing an envied object.
nor is it in the Beuatitudes
Does this mean that G-D and/or Jesu etc believed that there was a time for lying?