Written May, 2004.
On November 30, 1947, the day after the U.N. announcement of its Palestinian partitioning plan, which allowed for a Jewish homeland, Jewish
settlements in the area were attacked by Arab Palestinians. The Jewish response came in the form of a call, by the Haganah, for all Jewish males age
17 to 25 to enlist for military service. The Arab League countered with the formation of the Arab Salvation Army.
On December 8, 1947, Britain recommended to the U.N. the termination of the Palestinian Mandate on May 15, 1948 and that the Jewish and Palestinians
states be established within two weeks.
The area continued daily to increase in violence between the Jews and Arab Palestinians.
On January 9, 1948, the U.N. Palestine Commission met and detailed the termination of the British Mandate and the withdrawal of British troops
scheduled for May 15th.
By March of 1948 the violence had become more organized on both sides in Palestine. Violence had turned to military and paramilitary activities.
Neighboring Arab states were sending fighters in to fight on the Arab side, and both sides were purchasing and importing weapons. The U.N. found the
need to meet concerning the "armed groups" perpetuating the violence. On March 19, 1948, the U.S. submitted a proposal to the U.N. in which it
stated that the partitioning could not be achieved by peaceful means under the current conditions.
"The loss of life in the Holy Land must be brought to an immediate end. The maintenance of international peace is at stake."
The U.S. recommended that a temporary trusteeship be implemented once the British withdrew so that the region could be brought to a peaceful
condition. It also recommended that the implementation of the partitioning plan be suspended.
On March 25th President Truman reiterated the concerns of the U.S. about the situation in Palestine.
"This country vigorously supported the plan for partition with economic union recommended by the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine
and by the General Assembly. We have explored every possibility consistent with the basic principles of the Charter for giving effect to that
solution. Unfortunately, it has become clear that the partition plan cannot be carried out at this time by peaceful means. We could not undertake to
impose this solution on the people of Palestine by the use of American troops, both on Charter grounds and as a matter of national policy."
"The United Kingdom has announced its firm intention to abandon its mandate in Palestine on May 15. Unless emergency action is taken, there will be
no public authority in Palestine on that date capable of preserving law and order. Violence and bloodshed will descend upon the Holy Land.
Large-scale fighting among the people of that country will be the inevitable result. Such fighting would infect the entire Middle East and could
lead to consequences of the gravest sort involving the peace of this Nation and of the world.
These dangers are imminent. Responsible governments in the United Nations cannot face this prospect without acting promptly to prevent it. The
United States has proposed to the Security Council a temporary United Nations trusteeship for Palestine to provide a government to keep the
"If we are to avert tragedy in Palestine, an immediate truce must be reached between the Arabs and Jews of that country. I am instructing
Ambassador Austin to urge upon the Security Council in the strongest terms that representatives of the Arabs and Jews be called at once to the
council table to arrange such a truce."
"The United States is prepared to lend every appropriate assistance to the United Nations in preventing bloodshed and in reaching a peaceful
settlement. If the United Nations agrees to a temporary trusteeship, we must take our share of the necessary responsibility. Our regard for the
United Nations, for the peace of the world, and for -our own self -interest does not permit us to do less."
On April 1 the U.N. Security Council passed a resolution calling for an immediate ceasing of violence in Palestine and for the Jewish Agency for
Palestine and the Arab Higher Committee to send representatives to the Security Council for the purpose of achieving a truce. After conversations
with representatives from the two groups the Security Council issued Resolution 46 on April 17, 1948. Resolution 46 called for a cease of all
military, paramilitary activity, as well as all unorganized violence; a cease of supply of Arab fighters and weapons from surrounding Arab countries;
and for Britain to do all within its power, as it still remained Mandatory, to bring about and maintain peace. On April 23rd a "Truce Commission"
was created in Resolution 48. This commission was composed of "representatives of those members of the Security Council which have career consular
officers in Jerusalem" - with Syria declining to participate.
On May 14th the General Assembly issued Resolution 186, which decommission the U.N. Palestine Commission and called for the appointment of a
mediator for Palestine. On this same day, from Tel Aviv, the Declaration of the Nation of Israel's Independence was issued. The British would
pull out the next day, and the violence would continue to this day.
2. U.N. Palestine Commssion 01/09/48
3. U.S. Position on the Palestine Problem, March 19, 1948
4. Statement by President Truman, March 25, 1948
5.U.N. Security Council Resolution 43
6. U. N. Security Council Resolution 46
7. U.N. security Council Resolution 48
8. U.N. General Assembly Resolution 186
9. Declaration of Israel's Independence
Original ATSNN Article
[edit on 1-9-2006 by Valhall]