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List completion - Poor Earth

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posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:11 AM
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Jurassic Period – (199,6-145,5 Mil BC)

200-180 Mil BC (Extinction) – Triassic/Jurassic transition
200-65 Mil BC (Atmosphere) – The average CO2 concentrations during the Jurassic Period were about 1800 ppm.
200 Mil BC (Other) – 20,000 year earth climate cycles were detected in the early Jurassic period
184-132 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – Gondwana began to break up
183 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Karoo-Ferrar flood basalts in South Africa begin formation
170 Mil BC (Impact) – Upheaval Dome, Utah, USA (??km/10km)
169 Mil BC (Impact) – Obolon', Poltava Oblast, Ukraine (??km/20km)
167 Mil BC (Impact) – Puchezh-Katunki, Russia (??km/80km)
160 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – Africa separated from Antarctica
160-80 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Louisville hotspot formed the Louisville seamount chain which in turn are suspected to start the Ontong Java Plateau
150 Mil BC (Impact) – Labynkyr ring, Russia (??km/67km) – (unconfirmed)

Cretaceous Period – (145,5-65,5 Mil BC)

145 Mil BC (Impact) – Morokweng, Kalahari, South Africa (??km/70km)
142,5 Mil BC (Impact) – Gosses Bluff, Northern Territory, Australia (??km/22km)
142 Mil BC (Impact) – Mjølnir, Barents Sea, Norway (??km/40km)
140 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The High Island, Hong Kong, China was formed
129 Mil BC (Impact) – Duolun, Inner Mongolia, China (??km/120km) – (unconfirmed)
128 Mil BC (Impact) – Talundilly, Queensland, Australia (??km/85km) – (unconfirmed)
128 Mil BC (Impact) – Tookoonooka, Australia (??km/55km)
128 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Paraná and Etendeka traps begin formation, Brazil and Namibia/Angola
125 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The Indian subcontinent separated from Antarctica
125-120 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Ontong Java Plateau formation
120 Mil BC (Impact) – Jackpine Creek magnetic anomaly, British Columbia, Canada (??km/25km) – (unconfirmed)
120 Mil BC (Impact) – Oasis, Libya (??km/18km)
120 Mil BC (Impact) – São Miguel do Tapuio, Piauí, Brazil (??km/22km) – (unconfirmed)
120 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – East Gondwana began to separate when India began to move northward
120-90 Mil BC (Atmosphere) – Carbon dioxide levels were 550 – 590 ppm.
117 Mil BC (Impact) – Piratininga, Paraná, Brazil (??km/12km) – (unconfirmed)
117-116 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Rahjamal Traps formation
115 Mil BC (Impact) – Carswell, Saskatchewan, Canada (??km/39km)
115 Mil BC (Impact) – Cerro Jarau, Paraná, Brazil (??km/10km) – (unconfirmed)
110 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Kerguelen Plateau begins formation
105 Mil BC (Impact) – Mulkarra, South Australia (??km/17km) – (unconfirmed)
100 Mil BC (Impact) – Kebira, Gilf Kebir, Egypt (??km/31km) – (unconfirmed)
100 Mil BC (Impact) – Sierra Madera, Texas, USA (??km/13km)
100-90 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – Madagascar and India began to separate from Antarctica
100-66 Mil BC (Impact) – Santa Marta, Brazil (??km/10km)
99 Mil BC (Impact) – Deep Bay, Saskatchewan, Canada (??km/13km)
99 Mil BC (Impact) – Yallalie, Western Australia (??km/12km)
97 Mil BC (Impact) – Kentland, Indiana, USA (??km/13km)
95 Mil BC (Impact) – Avak, Alaska, USA (??km/12km)
93 Mil BC (Volcanism & Atmosphere) – Subduction zone choking the oxygen supply in the oceans
91 Mil BC (Impact) – Steen River, Alberta, Canada (??km/25km)
90 Mil BC (Climate & Plate tectonics) – Temperatures drop with the separation of North America into Laramidia (west) and Appalachia (east) but the climate was still tempered.
89 Mil BC (Impact) – Dellen, Sweden (??km/19km)
84 Mil BC (Impact) – Praia Grande, offshore São Paulo, Brazil (??km/20km) – (unconfirmed)
82 Mil BC (Estimated) (Volcanism) – The Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain was formed
85-75 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – Zealandia broke away from Godwana and Australia began to separate from Antarctica
80 Mil BC (Sea Level) – Sea levels was about 100 m to 200 m higher than present. (the height of continental plates make this an unsolved conundrum)
70 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The Indian Plate collided with Asian plate
73,8 Mil BC (Impact) – Manson, Iowa, USA (??km/35km)
73,3 Mil BC (Impact) – Lappajärvi, Finland (??km/23km)
70,3 Mil BC (Impact) – Kara, Russia (??km/65km)
70 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The triangular continental plate we know as the subcontinent was once part of Antarctica began drifting northward toward Asia. The North Atlantic and Greenland ridges, Iceland and other islands start forming. The Atlantic widened, the Rockies were raised, the Himalayas were formed, and the Alps formed in that order
70 Mil BC (Impact) – Sakhalinka, Pacific Ocean (??km/12km) – (unconfirmed)
70 Mil BC (Impact) – Ust-Kara, offshore Nenetsia, Russia (??m/25km)




posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:11 AM
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70 Mil BC (Impact) – Vargeão Dome, Brazil (??km/12km)
68-60 Mil BC (Estimated) (Volcanism) – Réunion hotspot and Deccan Traps in India was formed after a pulse of 3 higher volcanic eruptions at 67,5 Mil BC, 65 Mil BC and 100 000 years later
66,038 Mil BC (±19,000 years) (Impact) – Chicxulub, Yucatan, Mexico (10-15km/180+km)
65,5 Mil BC (± 0.049 Ma) (Extinction, Volcanism, Tsunami, Climate & Atmosphere) – At the K/P boundary Antarctica had a subtropical climate and flora, complete with a marsupial fauna. Work at Seymour Island, Antarctica showed two separate extinction events near the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary 150,000 years from each other. 75% of plant and animal species on Earth became extinct
Although dating normally has a larger error period the Chicxulub impact crater was precision dated and does not correspond with the KT boundary. Currently the KT boundary date seems to have moved to 66 million years to make it fit. The Chicxulub impact did cause its own extinction earlier but could have been overrun by the Shiva impact
The hypothesis by Sankar Chatterjee, a paleontologist at Texas Tech University in Lubbock claims it was multiple impacts with the Shiva impact that created the KT boundary event. This can be concluded from the K-T clay boundary layer in India that is one meter thick – the thickest in the world. It also fit the time the Indian plate started speeding up to a speed not associated with plate tectonics.
The impact position and timeframe fit the spike of volcanism at the Deccan traps. However a problem for precision dating the Shiva crater arises due to the oil companies and the Indian government controlling the site where Shiva is located, and access is extremely limited.
65,17 Mil BC (Impact) – Boltysh, Kirovohrad Oblast, Ukraine (??km/24km)
65 Mil BC (Impact) – Shiva crater, Indian Ocean west of India (??km/400x600km) – (unconfirmed)
65 Mil BC (Impact) – Eagle Butte, Alberta, Canada (??km/10km)
65 Mil BC (Impact) – Tefé River structure, Amazon, Brazil (??km/15km) – (unconfirmed)
65 Mil BC (Impact) – Vista Alegre, Brazil (??km/9.5km)
65 Mil BC (Other) – Modern human footprint found amongst dinosaur prints at Poloski River excavations, Glenrose, Texas (rock art of humans and dinosaurs together were also found in Peru but the site was not dated)
65-64,995 Mil BC (Other) – A dead zone that lasted about 5,000 years resulted from the impact of the asteroid that struck Earth was indicated in the seabed drill sediments.

Cenozoic Era – (65,5 Mil BC to present) : Paleogene Period – (65,5-23,03 Mil BC)

62 Mil BC (Estimated) (Volcanism) – On Baffin Island, Canada
62 Mil BC (Estimated) (Volcanism) – In Western Greenland
61 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Brito-Arctic provinces begins formation
60-55 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – Laurasia split when North America/Greenland (also called Laurentia) broke free from Eurasia, opening the Norwegian Sea
60 Mil BC (Impact) – Silverpit, North Sea, Atlantic Ocean (??km/20km) –(unconfirmed)
60 Mil BC (Impact) – Wembo-Nyama ring structure, DR Congo (??km/36-46km) – (unconfirmed)
60 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Canary hotspots is appearing off the North-western coast of Africa
60 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The break-up of Pangaea continued with continents drifting northwards and for the most part away from one another. The shapes of the continents as we know them today began to clarify and the great Alpine-Himalayan mountains rose from Tethys. In the Americas the Cordilleran ranges of the west were pushed up. For the first time New Zealand can be seen as a separate entity, broken off as Australia moved northwards. The Antilles Islands [of the West Indies] broke off from the Mesoamerican mainland
60-40Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The collision of the North American and Pacific Farallon plate, began lifting the Sierra Nevada about this time. The Clear Lake basin of California rose above sea level. The rise of the Sierra Nevada that continued for 20 million years.
58-52 Mil BC (Climate) – Earth had a tropical to temperate climate
58 Mil BC (Impact) – Marquez, Texas, USA (??km/12.7km)
56 Mil BC (Climate) – Thermal Maximum with global mean temperatures estimated as high as 22.7 °C degrees Fahrenheit, over 9.5 °C degrees above current levels.
55,8 Mil BC (Climate, Plate-tectonics, Volcanism, Atmosphere & Extinction) – Greenland separating from Europe during the opening of the Northern Atlantic Ocean. Major global warming as North Pole temperature and CO2 concentration was 2000 ppm. Mass extinction wiped out 40 to 60 per cent of deep sea creatures living on the ocean floor, as well as a boom to plankton near the ocean surface.
55 Mil BC (Climate & Atmosphere) – Arctic temperatures averaged 74 degrees. This was part of a planet-wide warming period called the Paleocene Eocene thermal Maximum (PETM).
An increase in temperature 9 to 18 degrees over a 10,000 years period that lasted 80-120 thousand years prompted a major shift in plant distribution. It took about 200,000 years for the atmospheric carbon from volcanic eruptions to be transferred to the deep ocean, allowing the planet to cool.
55-2 Mil BC (Other) – Multiple suppressed evidence of modern human life from bones/skeletons, footprints, tools and spear points of which some are to sophisticated to be made by Lucy, Australopithecus, Homo Habilis and/or ape men – (fossilized footprints at Laetoli, Tanzania – Sling and bola stones with a level of technological sophistication universally associated with modern Homo sapiens at Bramford near Ipswich, England – A modern human jaw, fossil human skull, tools, a small oval tablet of dark-colored slate with a melon and leaf carved on it and many more items in Table Mountain mines, Califoria – A nail embedded in a block of sandstone from the Kingoodie (Mylnfield) Quarry in Scotland – and plenty more )



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:12 AM
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53 Mil BC (Climate & Volcanism) – The climate was still tempered but Earth began to cool after the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum due to a range of tectonic influences which are apparent on the formation of glacial ice covers. Plate tectonic modification of continental position, elevation, ocean configuration and oceanic gateways are recognised as keys to understanding the transition from a long warm Mesozoic to a cooler Cenozoic. It is around this time that the Pacific "Ring of Fire", a hotspot for volcanoes and earthquakes, came into existence.
50,500 Mil BC (Impact) – Montagnais, Nova Scotia, Canada (??km/45km)
50 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Bennett Lake caldera, British Columbia-Yukon border in Canada (VEI-7)
50 Mil BC (Climate) – A sheet of ice 2 miles thick covered Scotland.
50Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The Tibetan Plateau began to lift about this time as India thrust northward. This led to the creation of the Gobi Desert north of the plateau.
50-42 Mil BC (Other) – The Green River Formation rocks is remnants of an ancient lake that covered more than 25,000 square miles of Colorado, Utah and Wyoming. Lake Uinta, Lake Gosiute, and Fossil Lake were deposited in this period.
49 Mil BC (Impact) – Kamensk, Southern Federal District, Russia (??km/25km)
49 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The Mountains in British Columbia had already risen as high as 14,000 feet by this time.
48 Mil BC – (Landslide) – Heart Mountain landslide
48-40 Mil BC (Climate & Plate-tectonics) – Australia-New Guinea separated from Antarctica where the first ice began to appear and global temperatures start dropping 10°C as well as the CO2 levels begin steadily decreasing during the Eocene epoch (55.8–34 mya).
45 Mil BC (Impact) – Kilmichael, Mississippi, USA (??km/13km) – (unconfirmed)
45 Mil BC (Climate) – A planet-wide cooling period began that led to cycles of glaciations.
42,3 Mil BC (Impact) – Logoisk, Belarus (??km/15km)
40 Mil BC (Impact) – Krk structure, Croatia (??km/12km) – (unconfirmed)
40 Mil BC (Impact) – Logancha, Siberia, Russia (??km/20km)
40 Mil BC (Climate) – A climate change caused the end of the large lake system in Wyoming, Colorado and Utah.
40 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – Australia-New Guinea separated from Antarctica and the entire Tibetan Plateau underwent major uplifting. Vast ranges rose from the Himalayas on the east to Afghanistan’s Hindu Kush and Iran’s Elburz mountains on the west.
40-5 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The rigid rocks of the Sierra Nevada, thrust upwards moving westward spreading crust behind it
40-30 Mil BC (Impact) – Azuara, Spain (??km/40km) – (unconfirmed)
40-30 Mil BC (Impact) – Rubielos de la Cérida, Spain (??km/80x40km) – (unconfirmed)
40-25 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Mid-Tertiary ignimbrite flare-up in the western United States lasted for around 15 million years
40-23 Mil BC (Impact) – Vélingara, Senegal (??km/48km) – (unconfirmed)
39 Mil BC (Impact) – Haughton, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada (??km/23km)
36,400 Mil BC (Impact) – Mistastin, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada (??km/28km)
35,700 Mil BC (Impact) – Popigai, Siberia, Russia (??km/100km)
35,700 Mil BC (Extinction) – Extinction occurred around the time with the Popigai and Chesapeake Bay impacts fitting the timeline
35,500 Mil BC (Impact) – Chesapeake Bay, Richmond, Virginia, USA (??km/90km)
35 Mil BC (Impact) – Flaxman, South Australia (??km/10km)
35 Mil BC (Volcanism) – A volcanic range of Pacific islands east of the Philippines was pushed up about this time and form the archipelago of Palau.
35 Mil BC (Impact) – Mount Ashmore dome, Timor Sea, Indian Ocean (??km/50km) – (unconfirmed)
35 Mil BC (Impact) – Toms Canyon, offshore New Jersey, USA (??km/22km) – (unconfirmed)
34 Mil BC (Atmosphere) – CO2 levels was around 760 ppm.
34-25 Mil BC (Climate) – Ice-sheet formation on Antarctica begin occurring.
33,900-23,030 Mil BC (Impact) – Ross crater, Ross Sea, Antarctic Ocean (??km/550km) – (unconfirmed)
33 Mil BC (Climate) – Egypt’s Faiyum Depression shows sediments of tropical rain forests.
32,500 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – During the mid-Cenozoic India encountered the southern margin of Asia. The collision of India with Asia squeezed up the Tethyan sediments into the arcs of the Himalayas. A seaway linked the Arctic Ocean and Tethys east of the Urals until Oligocene time when uplift and the closure of the Tethyan geosyncline put an end to it. Siberia was from now on no longer separated from Europe and when the climate began to cool the very large land mass that was now Eurasia
32-16 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The South China Sea was created over this period as the sea floor spread due to tectonic plates moving apart.
31-28 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – California’s northern Sierra rose by nearly 10,500 feet over this period.
30 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The separation of South America from West Antarctica some time during the Oligocene
30 Mil BC (Impact) – Vichada Structure, Colombia (??km/50km) – (unconfirmed)
30 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Near Wah Wah Springs, Southern Utah of USA
30 Mil BC (Volcanism)– The Afro-Arabia (Ethiopian Highlands) flood basalt begins forming
30 Mil BC (Earthquake) – Wonder Cave near San Marcos, Texas, was created on the Balcones fault line during an earthquake over 30 million years ago



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:12 AM
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30 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The Mendocino Triple Junction, a convergence of three tectonic plates, the Gorda plate, Pacific plate and North American plate, formed in Baha, California, when an ocean spreading center in the Pacific plate collided with continent’s edge. It now sits close to shore off of Cape Mendocino in Northern California.
30 Mil BC (Volcanism) – In what is now Cappadocia, Turkey, 3 volcanoes: Erciyes, Melendiz and Hasan, erupted. The ash and rock later eroded and left the harder rock in formations now called "fairy chimneys."
29,600 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Jabal Kura’a Ignimbrite, Yemen starts forming through multiple eruptions
29,500 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Sam Ignimbrite, Yemen starts forming through multiple eruptions
29 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Unknown source, Ethiopia (VEI-8)
29 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – Movement within the San Andreas fault system began in Southern California when the East Pacific Rise, separating the Pacific and Farallon plates, reached the continental border.
27,800-21 Mil BC (Volcanism) – La Garita, Colorado changed the Fish Canyon Tuff in a single event and then continues with multiple (VEI-8) events
24,100-23,700 BC (Climate)– Data in Antarctica beginning to show signs of climate jumping between 100,000 and 49,000 year cycles
24 Mil BC (Earthquake) – A period of violent earthquakes shook the region that later became China’s Yunnan province and created the Ailao Shan range of Southwest China.

Neogene Period – (23,03-2,588 Mil BC)

23 Mil BC (Volcanism) – A volcano erupted that later became known as the Pinnacles of central California. It was on the San Andres fault line and half stayed in southern California while the other half migrated north.
23 Mil BC (Earthquake & Landslide) – In China the Red and Yangzi rivers separated about this time. The Yangzi made a u-turn from flowing south to flowing north-east. In 2013 sediment analysis confirmed this change.
23-5 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Volcanic eruptions in California and Sierra Nevada region caused a blanket of lava and ashes about 1000 meters thick
23 Mil BC (Climate & Plate-tectonics) – The Drake Passage opened between Antarctica and South America and the ice on Antarctica began to spread, replacing the forests.
22-21 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Pemberton Volcanic Belt eruptions, Canada
21 Mil BC (Space) – A type 1a supernova named SN2011FE exploded in the Pinwheel Galaxy, a neighbor of the Milky Way
21-17 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Mount Lindesay, New South Wales, Australia ceased activity after 4 million years
21-14 Mil BC (Climate) – Warming period
20 Mil BC (Landslide/Glassier) – Late Paleozoic rocks are widely exposed in the Santa Lucia Range, but occur only as small patches in the Gabilan and Santa Cruz ranges that are not native to this area
20 Mil BC (Other) – Hot water escaping from magma laid down rivulets of metal in the Cerro Rico Mountain, Bolivia.
20 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Grenada was formed as an underwater volcano.
20-15 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – In Antarctica a geologic basin formed during a tectonic upheaval that later led to the formation of the sub-glacial Lake Vostok.
19 BC (Volcanism) – The Oxaya Ignimbrites, Northern Chile (VEI-8)
18-16 Mil BC (Impact) – Catalina structures, Pacific Ocean (??km/12; 32; 37km) – (unconfirmed)
17-14 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Pueblo and Steens Mountains, Yellowstone hotspots, USA with multiple (VEI-8) eruptions
17-13 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Mount Lindesay, New South Wales, Australia ceased activity
17-6 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Columbia River Basalt Group formed
16,600-15,500 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Northwest Nevada volcanic field erupted multiple times in multiple areas, Yellowstone hotspot, USA
16 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Indian Ocean was in a state of upheaval driven by volcanic activity
16 Mil BC (Space) – A huge asteroid believed to have hit Mars and blasted rock into space. The meteorite labeled Allan Hills (ALH) 84001 was knocked into space and landed in Antarctica around 11,000BC
16 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Hoppin Peaks Caldera, Yellowstone hotspot, USA
15,800 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Trout Creek, Pueblo Caldera, Yellowstone hotspot, USA (VEI-6)
15,700 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Calavera Caldera, Nevada/ Oregon, USA (VEI-7)
15,600 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Longridge Caldera, Nevada/ Oregon, USA (VEI-7)
15,600 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Jordan Meadow Caldera, Yellowstone hotspot, USA (VEI-7)
15,500-15 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Lake Owyhee, Yellowstone hotspot, USA (VEI-6)
15,500 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Southeastern Washington and Oregon were covered by huge lava flows estimated at some 40,000 cubic miles. Some beds were over a mile thick. The weight led to a sag in the earth and the ancient Lake Vantage formed
15 Mil BC (Climate) – The Antarctica is now mostly covered with ice and Northern hemisphere ice sheets begin to occur
15 Mil BC (Other) – Lake Vostok became sealed from the surface of Antarctica about this time
15 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The Baha Peninsula began separating from the Mexican mainland
15 Mil BC (±1my) (Volcanism) – Huaylillas Ignimbrite, Bolivia, Southern Peru, Northern Chile (VEI-8)
15 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Trout Creek Mountains, Whitehorse Caldera, Oregon, USA (VEI-6)
14,900 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Campi Flegrei, Naples, Italy (VEI-6)
14,500-14,300 Mil BC (Impact) – Nördlinger Ries, Germany (??km/25km)



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:12 AM
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14-6 Mil BC (Climate & Plate-tectonics) – Antarctica separates from South America and the gap widens between Australia and the global temperature drops by 4°C more.
13,900-12,8 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Owyhee-Humboldt Nevada/Oregon, Yellowstone hotspot, USA
13 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Anahim Volcanic Belt, British Columbia, Canada
12,500-10 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Bruneau-Jarbidge, Idaho, Yellowstone hotspot, USA
12 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Lyttelton, Banks Peninsula, New Zealand
12 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Volcanic activity results in the formation of the tuff of Yucca Mountain, 90 miles northwest of Las Vegas, and proposed site for the long term storage of radio-active waste
10,210 Mil BC (±30years) (Volcanism) – Picabo, Idaho, USA
10 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Mount Cargill in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, New Zealand
10 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – Oceanic spreading began a process of mountain building in southern California, including formation of the San Andreas Fault, migration of the Baja California peninsula away from the mainland of Mexico
10 Mil BC (Volcanism) – In the Mohave National Preserve volcanic formations formed caves of congealed lava over 25,600 acres
10 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The Great Rift Valley lakes of Africa originated about this time
10-6 Mil BC (Volcanism) – The Chilcotin Plateau Basalts formed
9 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Akaroa, Banks Peninsula, New Zealand
8.300 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Pastos Grandes Caldera, Bolivia (VEI-7)
8-7 Mill BC (Other) – The area where Los Angeles was in 1997, was at least a half-mile under water at this time
7 Mil BC (Climate) – South-eastern Greenland was completely covered with glaciers
6,620 Mil BC (±30years) (Volcanism) – Blacktail Caldera, Idaho, USA (VEI-8)
6,400 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Lord Howe Island, Australia remnants of lava flows that once filled a large volcanic caldera
6,270 Mil BC (±40years) (Volcanism) – Walcott Tuff, Heise volcanic field, Idaho, USA
6,100 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Cerro Panizos, Altiplano-Puna Volcanic Complex, Bolivia (VEI-7)
6-5 Mil BC (Climate) – Glaciers were creeping into Scandinavia and the northern Pacific region
6 Mil BC (Other) – The Mediterranean Sea at this time was completely dried up. Dry land fossils were found in rocks of the Mediterranean seabed dating to this time
6-5 Mil BC (Climate) – Terminal Miocene Event. According to C.K. Brain, a profound cooling caused a rapid buildup of ice in Antarctica. Sea levels dropped 50-60 meters and rainfall in many places was strongly affected
6-5 Mil BC (Flooding & Climate) – The carving of the Grand Canyon dramatically accelerated during this period. By modern times it stretched 277-miles, 18 miles at its widest point, with depths up to 6,000 feet. 2008 evidence suggested that the canyon could be 17 million years old
6 Mil BC (Plate tectonics & Climate) – The continents had assumed their present outlines and the climate grew colder
5,600 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Of Blue Creek Tuff, Yellowstone hotspot, Idaho, USA (VEI-7)
5,510 Mil BC (±130years) (Volcanism) – Conant Creek Tuff, Yellowstone hotspot, Idaho, USA (VEI-7)
5,500 Mil BC (Plate tectonics & Volcanism) – The main Hawaiian Islands began to form as the Pacific tectonic plate moved over a “hotspot" in the Earth’s mantle. The 5 largest islands formed in order: Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui and the Big Island. Molokai and Maui were originally joined
5 Mil BC (Other) – Human artefacts was found in a deep gravel mine amongst gravel layers of around/before this age in Oregon, USA
5 Mil BC (Other) – Lake Ohrid was created about this time. The 18-mile-long mountain lake bordered Albania and Macedonia
5 Mil BC (Impact) – Kara-kul, Pamir Mountains, Tajikistan (??km/52km)
5 Mil BC Impact) – Karla, Russia (??km/10km)
5 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Khari Khari, Bolivia (VEI-7)
5-4 Mil BC (Plate tectonics & Sea oscillation) – The Isthmus of Panama was closed sufficiently to affect deep ocean circulation and Northern Hemisphere climate
5-3,500 Mil BC (Space) – The Westerlund 1 cluster of superstars in the Milky Way, was formed during this period. The system, located 16,000 light years away in the constellation of Ara, the Altar, was discovered by a Swedish astronomer in 1961. It contained a magnetar, a neutron star with a mighty magnetic field
5-3 Mil BC (Impact) – Bowers, Antarctica (??km/100km)
5-3 Mil BC (Climate) – A level-off in the cooling. Temperatures were much warmer at mid-latitude and sub-polar regions than they are today and Florida was covered by ocean
4,500-1,600 Mil BC (Magnetic field) – There were around 20 magnetic field alteration during this time
4,450 Mil BC (±0.05years) (Volcanism) – Kilgore Caldera, Idaho, USA (VEI-8)
4,200 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Cerro Galán, Catamarca Province, North-western Argentina (VEI-7)
4 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Frailes Plateau, Bolivia (VEI-7)
4-3 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – Mount Whitney and sister peaks in the Sierra Nevada were formed during this period as a chunk of Earth’s crust broke loose sinking into the mantle generating upward forces
4 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Pacana, Northern Chile (VEI-8)
4-3 Mil BC (Plate tectonics & Sea oscillation) – Closure of the Indonesian seaway altered climate. The northward displacement of New Guinea switched flow through Indonesia from warm South Pacific water to colder North Pacific water
3,600 Mil BC (Climate) – A big cooling spike



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:13 AM
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3,500 Mil BC (Impact) – El'gygytgyn, Russia (??km/18km)
3,500 Mil BC (Climate) – A brief period of global warming took place about this time warming the Bering Strait and allowing hundreds of species of marine life to migrate from the Pacific through the ice-free Arctic to colonize the Atlantic
3,300 Mil BC (Impact, Climate & Extinction) – A mile-wide asteroid hit the coast of what became Argentina. It may have abruptly cooled the climate and caused the deaths of 36 species of huge animals that included giant armadillos and sloths
3 Mil BC (Plate tectonics) – The 2 American continents were joined by the rising of a land bridge in Central America. Giant South American. This forced warm water north and cooling currents led to snow and glaciers and an Ice Age
3 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Mount Kenya, East African rift
3 Mil BC (Other) – There were supposed to have been a great civilisation in which people were happier, taller, and got much older than today (Hindu theory which scientific theories do not accept)
3-1 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Little Barrier Island, North Island, New Zealand
3-2,300 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Norfolk Island, Australia
2,900 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Pastos Grandes Caldera, Bolivia (VEI-7)
2,800 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Volcanic eruptions in the area of Flagstaff, Arizona, began building a 16,000-foot San Francisco Mountain volcano. It is 12,643-feet high
2,700 Mil BC (Climate) – A major step toward our current brutal ice ages can be seen. After the Pleistocene ice age the whole continent of Antarctica was covered in ice and all major plant life destroyed. The Northern hemisphere continental glaciations begin and the accumulation of ice at both poles causes the global climate to become even colder and drier
2,700 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Boring Lava Field, Oregon, USA
2,600 Mil BC (Extinction) – Look to be climate related
2.6 Mil BC – (Landslide) – Agulhas Slide, off South Africa landslide

Quaternary Period – (2,588 Mil BC to present) : Pleistocene – (2.588 Mil BC – 9,700 BC)

2,500 Mil BC (Impact) – Eltanin, Pacific Ocean (??km/35km) – (unconfirmed)
2,500 Mil BC (Climate) – Climactic change causing a re-expansion of the Antarctic ice sheets. Africa experiences a drying up, a reduction of wooded areas and a return of widespread open grasslands. Studies of the fossil record in South Africa show a peak in extinctions and new species.
2,200 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Cerro Galán, Catamarca Province, North-western Argentina (VEI-8)
2,150 Mil BC (Climate) – The first intense glaciations of our current Quaternary Period starts
2,1 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Island Park Caldera, Yellowstone eruption, Idaho, USA (VEI-8)
2-1 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Earlier ancestral Mount Rainier, Washington, USA
2Mil BC (Other) – A small female human figure, skilfully formed in clay, was found in Nampa, Idaho at a depth of 320feet from a well while drilling. In the lower portion of the stratum from the Plio-Pleistocene boundary there were evidences of a buried land surface, over which there had been a slight accumulation of vegetable mould. It was from this point that the image in question came
2 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Mount Kenya was born
1,840 Mil BC (Other) – A fossilized modern (Homo Sapiens) humanise finger bone was found at Alduvai Gorge, Tanzania (this is explained by science as “can’t be, must be some unidentified primate because it’s too old and humans didn’t exist at that time”)
1,800-1,200 Mil BC (Climate) – The Ross Sea off Antarctica was 6-7 degrees warmer. This was determined from shellfish fossils and 15 previously unknown species of algae found under the seabed off Cape Roberts
1,800-0,758 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Uinkaret, Arizona, USA
1,750 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Ebisutoge-Fukuda tephras, Japan (VEI-7)
1,500 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Sutter Buttes, Central Valley of California, USA
1,300 Mil-820,000 BC (Climate) – The Sherwin Glaciation
1,300 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Henry’s Fork Caldera, Yellowstone eruption VEI-7, Idaho, USA
1,250 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Over a period of the next million years 13 major eruption by volcanoes in the Grand Canyon with more than 150 lava flows
1,230 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Taupo, Mangakino Caldera, North Island, New Zealand (VEI-7)
1,200 Mil BC (Impact) – General San Martin, Argentina (??km/11km) – (unconfirmed)
1,200 Mil BC (±160years) (Volcanism) – Lake Toba eruption, Sumatra, Indonesia
1,150 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Valles Caldera VEI-7, New Mexico, USA (VEI-7)
1,070 Mil BC (Impact) – Bosumtwi, Ghana (??km/10.5 km)
1,010 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Taupo eruption VEI-7, Mangakino Caldera, North Island, New Zealand (VEI-7)
1 Mil BC (Impact) – Pantasma, Nicaragua (??km/10km) – (unconfirmed)
1 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Ascension Island broke through the surface of the Atlantic Ocean
Less than 1 Mil BC (±30years) - (Volcanism) – Poike, Easter Island
Less than 1 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Rano Kau, Easter Island
Less than 1 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Terevaka, Easter Island
Less than 1 Mil BC (Volcanism) – Alexander Selkirk Island
970,000 BC (Volcanism) – Taupo eruption VEI-7, Mangakino Caldera, North Island, New Zealand (VEI-7)
900,000-866,000 BC (Climate) – Moderate glaciations (Medium ice covers)
900,000 BC (Impact) – Zhamanshin, Kazakhstan (??km/14km)



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:13 AM
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900,000 BC (Other) – Human (Eskimo) footprints (but called “homo antrasis”) found on beach of Hapiesburg, east coast of England
866,000-814,000 BC (Climate) – Moderate interglacial (A bit colder than current “last 50 years”)
840,000 BC (±30years) (Volcanism) – Lake Toba eruption VEI-unknown, Sumatra, Indonesia (caldera forming)
840,000 BC (Volcanism) – Pre Mount Rainier, USA
814,000-790,000 BC (Climate) – Moderate glaciations (Medium ice covers but cold)
800,000 BC (Impact) – South-East Asia (unknown:32-114km)
800,000 BC (Volcanism) – Cimini Hills, Italy
790,000-761,000 BC (Climate) – Moderate interglacial (A bit colder than current “last 50 years”)
761,000-712,000 BC (Climate) – Moderate glaciations (Medium ice covers but cold)
758,900 BC (±1.8years) (Volcanism) – Long Valley Caldera, Mono County, California, USA (VEI-7)
750,600 BC (Earthquake) – Subduction Zone
725,000-100,000 BC (Volcanism) – Uinkaret volcanic field, Arizona, USA multiple eruptions over time
720,000 BC (Volcanism) – Lake Toba, Sumatra, Indonesia (caldera forming)
712,000-676,000 BC (Climate) – Moderate interglacial (A bit colder than current “last 50 years”)
700,000-170,000 BC (Volcanism) – Three Sisters, Oregon, USA multiple eruptions over time
680,000-420,000 BC (Volcanism) – Ollagüe, Chile
676,000-621,000 BC (Climate) – Extensive glaciations (Large ice cover)
670,000-660,000 BC (Atmosphere) – Atmospheric CO2 (170 ppmv) reached lowest values for the last 800,000 years
640,000 BC (Volcanism) – Yellowstone Caldera eruption, Yellowstone hotspot, Idaho, USA (VEI-8)
621,000-563,000 BC (Climate) – Moderate interglacial (A bit colder than current “last 50 years”)
563,000-533,000 BC (Climate) – Moderate glaciations (Medium ice covers but cold)
560,000 BC (Volcanism) – Galeras eruption, Southwest Colombia (VEI-7)
533,000-478,000 BC (Climate) – Intermediate climate (About halfway point between current and large ice cover)
501,000 BC (±5years) (Volcanism) – Lake Toba eruption, Sumatra, Indonesia
500,000-420,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Rainier, Washington, USA (4 eruptions)
500,000-100,000 BC (Volcanism) – Taal Caldera, island of Luzon, Philippines (4 eruptions)
478,000-424,000 BC (Climate) – Extensive glaciations (Large ice covers)
450,000 BC (Volcanism) – Diamante Caldera–Maipo complex, Argentina/Chile (VEI-7)
424,000-374,000 BC (Climate) – Extensive interglacial (Very much like today although the heat peak were higher and the Ross Ice Shelf likely collapsed sometime during this warm period)
400,000-200,000 BC (Other) – A metal coin of uniform thickness was found in layers formed during the Yarmouthian Interglacial. The inscriptions were of and unrecognizable language
390,000 BC (Other) – The Denisovans seem to split from the Neanderthals around this period
385,000 BC (Volcanism) – Roccamonfina Caldera eruption, Italy (VEI-7)
380,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Rainier, Washington, USA
374,000 BC (Volcanism) – Sabatini eruption, Italy (VEI-7)
374,000-337,000 BC (Climate) – Extensive glaciations (Large ice covers)
337,000-300,000 BC (Climate) – Extensive interglacial (Very much like today although the heat peak were higher and the Ross Ice Shelf most likely collapsed sometime during this warm period)
330,000 BC (Atmosphere) – Atmospheric CO2 levels were (298.6 ppmv)
325,000-175,000 BC (Volcanism) – Uzon-Geyzernaya, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia (VEI-6)
300,000-243,000 BC (Climate) – Moderate glaciations (Medium ice covers)
280,000 BC (Volcanism) – Taupo eruption, Matahina Ignimbrite, Haroharo Caldera, North Island, New Zealand (VEI-7)
280,000-175,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Rainier, Washington, USA
270,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Aso, island of Kyūshū, Japan the Aso caldera formed due to four huge eruptions (VEI-6)
254,000 BC (Volcanism) – Taupo eruption, Whakamaru Caldera, North Island, New Zealand (Super eruption) (VEI-8)
243,000-191,000 BC (Climate) – Moderate interglacial (A bit colder than current “last 50 years”)
233,000 BC (Volcanism) – Emmons Lake Caldera, Aleutian Range (VEI-6)
230,000 BC (Volcanism) – Taupo eruption, Reporoa Caldera, North Island, New Zealand (VEI-7)
220,000 BC (Volcanism) – Taupo eruption, Maroa Caldera, North Island, New Zealand (VEI-7)
220,000 BC (Volcanism) – Puy de Sancy, France an ancient stratovolcano which is inactive
220,000 BC (Volcanism) – Taupo eruption, Rotorua Caldera, North Island, New Zealand (VEI-7)
191,000-130,000 BC (Climate) – Extensive glaciations (Large ice covers)
180,000 BC (estimated) (Volcanism) – Santorini eruption, Greece
170,000 BC (Earthquake & Landslide) – Ruatoria off North Island, New Zealand
161,000 BC (Volcanism) – Kos-Nisyros Caldera eruption, Greece (VEI-7)
150,000 BC (Volcanism) – Galeras eruption, Southwest Colombia (VEI-5)
150,000 BC (Volcanism) – Ustica, Italy
150,000-70,000 BC (Volcanism) – Yellowstone eruption, USA (VEI-8)
140,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Aso, island of Kyūshū, Japan (VEI-6)



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:14 AM
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130,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Rainier, Washington, USA
125,000-110,000 BC (Climate) – Eemian stage or Riss/Würm interglacial period
123,000 BC (Climate) – The peak of the inter glaciations period. The Ross Ice Shelf most likely collapsed during this warm period and sea levels were around 4-6 meters higher
120,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Aso, island of Kyūshū, Japan (VEI-6)
110,000-12,000 BC (Climate) – Würm glaciations with extensive glaciations at times (Large ice cover)
109,000 BC (Climate) – A heating peak inside the Würm glaciations reach and intermediate climate (About halfway point between current and large ice cover)
105,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Rainier, Washington, USA
98,000-95,000 BC (Other) – Secondary human structures at the site Göbekli Tepe start coming into existence
96,000 BC (Climate) – A heating peak inside the Würm glaciations reach a moderate climate (A bit colder than current “last 50 years”)
95,000 BC (Volcanism) – Sierra La Primavera, Mexico (VEI-6)
95,000 BC (Volcanism) – Vico, Italy
90,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Aso, island of Kyūshū, Japan (VEI-7)
87,000 BC (Climate) – A heating peak inside the Würm glaciations reach and intermediate climate (About halfway point between current and large ice cover)
84,000 BC (Volcanism) – Atitlán, a lake in the Highlands of the Sierra Madre mountain range, Northern Guatemala (VEI-7)
82,000 BC (Climate) – A heating peak inside the Würm glaciations reach a moderate climate (A bit colder than current “last 50 years”)
78,000 BC (Space) – Supernova G192.8-1.1
76,251 BC (Space) – Supernova G192.8-1.1 biosphere impact
73,000-71,000 BC (Volcanism & Atmosphere) – Lake Toba, Indonesia with lasting Global effects (large VEI-8)
71,000-57,000 BC (Climate) – The climate cools down back to moderate glaciations (Medium ice covers)
70,000 BC (Space) – The Scholz’s Star binary system passed through the Oort Cloud
70,0000 BC (Other) – The Kalahari San people in the Kalahari were using poison arrows
70,000 BC (Climate) – Tahoe glacial maximum over Canada and northern US
70,000 BC (Volcanism) – Skaros Caldera eruption, Santorini, Greece
57,000-29,000 BC (Climate) – (Würm) Intermediate climate (About halfway point between current and large ice cover)
52,000 BC (Volcanism) – Maninjau Caldera, West Sumatra, Indonesia (VEI-7)
52,000 BC (Volcanism) – Roccamonfina, Italy
50,000 BC (Space) – Supernova Kesteven79, G33.6+0.1/?
50,000 BC (estimated) (Volcanism) – Taupo eruption, Rotoiti Ignimbrite, North Island, New Zealand (VEI-7)
46,304 BC (Space) – Supernova Kesteven79, G33.6+0.1/? biosphere impact
45,000 BC (Other) – In a Denisova Cave, the Altai mountains a small statuette made of Mammoth ivory - 42mm long, 8mm thick and 11mm high - figurine of a cave lion was found
41,500 BC (Volcanism) – Kurile Lake, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia (VEI-7)
40,000 BC (Space) – Supernova Simesis 147/?
40,000 BC (Volcanism) – Monte Vulture, Italy
40,000 BC (Volcanism) – Galeras eruption, Andes, Colombian
40,000 BC (Volcanism) – Sabatini complex, Italy (unverified)
40,000-15,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Rainier, Washington, USA
39,600 BC (Space) – Supernova Simesis 147/? biosphere impact
39,280 BC (±110years) (Volcanism) – Campi Flegrei, Naples, Italy (VEI-7)
37,000 BC (Volcanism) – Filicudi, Italy
35,000 BC (Space) – Supernova Sagittarius A East/?
35,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Saint Helens
33,000 BC (Volcanism) – Pinatubo, Philippines & Avachinsky, Russia
31,532 BC (Space) – Supernova Sagittarius A East/? biosphere impact
30,000 BC (Other) – Humans cross the Bearing Sea to North America
30,000 BC (Volcanism) – Morne Diablotins, Dominica (VEI-6)
29,000 BC (Volcanism) – Menengai, East African Rift, Kenya
29,000-14,000 BC (Climate) – Extensive glaciations (Large ice cover)
28,000 BC (Volcanism) – Alicudi, Italy
26,500 BC (Volcanism & Atmosphere) – Taupo eruption VEI-8, New Zealand
25,000-23,000 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown but large magnitude in Tanzania, Africa
24,500 BC (estimated) (Volcanism) – Taupo eruption, New Zealand (VEI-8)
22,000 BC (Climate) – Lowest temperature of the Tioga glacial maximum sea level was around 130 meters lower than today with a temperature believed to be -10o C with winter 15-20o C against today
22,000 BC (estimated) (Volcanism) – Aira Caldera, South of the island of Kyūshū, Japan (VEI-7)
21,000 BC (Impact) – Brushy Creek, Louisiana, USA (??/1.9km)
21,000 BC (Volcanism) – Santorini, Cape Riva Caldera, Greece (VEI-7)

From 20,000 and bellow “years ago” 2000 years were deducted in converting to BC when needed

18,000 BC (Space) – Supernova W50/?
18,000 BC (Sea Level) – Sea level were around 130 meters lower than today.
17,000 BC BC (Sea Level) – MWP-1 Ao Melt water pulse – Sea level start rising but were not uniformed but instead rose in several bursts ranging in length from a few decades to a century. There is no consensus in science as to the exact height or periods



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:14 AM
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16,628 BC (Space) – Supernova HB 21 biosphere impact
16,300 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Vesuvius, Italy (VEI-6)
16,000 BC (Space) – Supernova W50/? biosphere impact
15,437 BC (Space) – Supernova W50 debris stream
15,000 BC (Space) – Supernova G109.1-1.0
15,000 BC (±5years) (Volcanism) – Emmons Lake Caldera, Aleutian Range, (VEI-6)
15000 BC (Other) – West African, Sierra Leone a Nomoli Skystone (figure) with a metal ball hidden inside a hollow space was found. An analysis showed that it is made from chrome and steel.
15,000 BC (Volcanism) – Lake Barrine, North Queensland, Australia
14,000 BC (Volcanism) – Avachinsky, Russia
14,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Vesuvius, Italy (VEI-5)
13,000 BC (Volcanism) – Phlegrean Fields, west of Naples, Italy
12,957 BC (Space) – Supernova G109.1-1.0 biosphere impact
12,818 BC (Space) – Supernova G109.1-1.0 debris stream
12,700-11,500 BC BC (Sea Level) – MWP-1 A Melt water pulse - sea levels rose between 16-25 meters in about 400–500 years
12,400 BC (Climate & Atmosphere) – A cold spike in the warming period that lasted for around 200 years
12,400-12,200 BC (Sea Level) – Meltwater Puls-1
11,000 BC (Volcanism) – Salina, Italy
10,900 BC (Volcanism) – Vulkan Eifel, Laacher See, Germany (VEI-5)
10,835-10,735 BC (Impact, Extinction & Climate) – I think we can accept the impact swarm hypothesis by now. To many evidence has come to light worldwide, although the concentration seem to be in the Northern hemisphere.
It caused a very sudden cold snap in temperature. Bayesian chronological modelling was applied to 354 dates from 23 stratigraphic sections in 12 countries on four continents to establish a modelled YDB age range for this event of 10,835–10,735 BC at 95% probability
10,800-10,500 BC (Space) – Supernova Vela/II
10,657 BC (Atmosphere) – GISP2 ice core event
10,500-2,500 BC (Space) – Comet Venus hit Mars and the transition from a long-duration highly elliptical orbit to a short-duration circular orbit began. (Velikovsky hypothesis) The Seven Destructive Earth Passes of Comet Venus
10,000 BC (Space) – Supernova G31.9+0.0
10,000 BC (estimated) (Volcanism) – Campi Flegrei, Naples, Italy (VEI-7)
10,000-6,000 BC (Unexplained) – A nuclear type event or possible radioactive rich impact in Tewanaku, India
10,000 BC (Impact) – Multiple impacts (10), Rio Cuarto, Argentina (largest 4.5km) – (unconfirmed)
10,000-8000 BC (Other) – Major human building developments in Göbekli Tepe near Urfa, Southeast Turkey
10,000-4,000 BC (Atmosphere) – Summer radiation was greatly enhanced in the Northern Hemisphere compared with present levels

Holocene – (9,700 BC to present)

9,700 BC (Space) – Supernova Vela/II biosphere impact
9,650 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Tongariro, Taupo, New Zealand (VEI-5)
9,500-9,200 BC BC (Sea Level) – MWP-1 B Melt water pulse - sea levels rose between 13-28 meters in about 300 years
9,460 BC (±200years) (Volcanism) – Taupo Caldera, New Zealand (VEI-5)
9,450 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Tongariro, Taupo, New Zealand (VEI-5)
9,400 BC (Climate) – Warming sea levels rise is now 91 meters (300 ft) since the ice-age
9,258 BC (Atmosphere) – GISP2 ice core event
9,240 BC (±75years) (Volcanism) – Mount Tongariro, Taupo, New Zealand (VEI-5)
9,000-5,000 BC (Climate) – Greenland was warmer than present
8,750 BC (Volcano) – Ulleung, South Korea (VEI-6)
8,500 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Fuji, Japan
8,500 BC (Volcanism) – Nevado de Toluca, Trans-Mexican (VEI-6)
8,230 BC (Volcanism) – Grímsvötn, Iceland (VEI-6)
8,130 BC (±200years) (Volcanism) – Taupo Caldera, New Zealand (VEI-5)
8,000 BC (Space) – Supernova W51C
8,000 BC (Space) – Supernova G57.2+0.8
8,000 BC (Volcanism) – Ko'olau Range, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
8,000 BC (Volcanism) – Panarea, Italy
8,000 BC (Impact) – Morasko, Poland (??/??)
8,000 BC (Landslide) – Flims Rockslide, Switzerland
8,000 BC (Earthquake & Landslide) – Saidmarreh, Iran with earthquake and landslide
8,000 BC (Other) – Göbekli Tepe near Urfa, Southeast Turkey was deliberately covered by humans after some catastrophe occurred
7,560 BC (±18years) (Volcanism) – Rotoma Caldera, New Zealand (VEI-5)
7,480 BC (±50years) (Volcanism) – Lvinaya Past, Kuril Islands, South of Japan (VEI-6)
7,460 BC (±150years) (Volcanism) – Pinatubo, island of Luzon, Philippines (VEI-6)
7,420 BC (Volcanism) – Chaitén, Chile
7,420 BC (±200years) (Volcanism) – Fisher Caldera VEI-6, Unimak Island, Alaska, USA (VEI-7)
7,300 BC (Volcanism) – Wilcox volcano, Seguam, Alaska, USA (VEI-5)
7,050 BC (Volcanism) – Galeras, Colombia
7,000-6,000BC (Tsunami) – Guincho Beach, Lisbon (suspect the Storegga Slides)
6,940 BC (±100years) (Volcanism) – Mount Vesuvius, Italy (VEI-7)



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:14 AM
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6,650 BC (Volcanism) – Yanteles, Chile
6,600 BC (±25years) (Volcanism) – Karymsky, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia (VEI-6)
6,440 BC (Volcanism)– Kurile Caldera, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia (VEI-7)
6,225-6,170 BC (Landslide & Tsunami) – The Storegga Slides occurred 100 km North-West of the Møre coast in the Norwegian Sea, causing a very large tsunami
6,200-5,600 BC BC (Sea Level) – MWP-1 C Melt water pulse
6,200 BC (Volcanism) – Sakurajima, island of Kyūshū, Japan (VEI-6)
6,060 BC (±50years) (Volcanism) – Haroharo Caldera, New Zealand (VEI-5)
6,050 BC (Volcanism) – Menengai, East African Rift, Kenya (VEI-6)
6,130 BC (Space) – Supernova W51C biosphere impact
6,092 BC (Space) – Supernova G31.9+0.0 biosphere impact
6,004 BC (Space) – Supernova W51C cosmic debris stream impact correlates with the end of the 8.2 Kiloyear Event
6,000-3,000 BC (Space) – Supernova Veil Nebula & Cygius Loop/?
5,980 BC (±100years) (Volcanism) – Avachinsky, Kamchatka (VEI-5)
5,900 BC (±50years) (Volcanism) – Crater Lake (Mount Mazama), Oregon, USA (VEI-6)
5,804-2,804 BC (Space) – Supernova Veil Nebula & Cygius Loop/? biosphere impact
5,700 BC (±16years) (Volcanism) – Khangar, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia (VEI-6)
5,677 BC (±150years) (Volcanism) – Crater Lake (Mount Mazama), Oregon, USA (VEI-7)
5,600 BC (Extinction & Space) – Woolly mammoth extinction event at Lake Hill on St Paul Island in the Bering Sea due to the lack of fresh water or drought. Linked to the 6,092 Supernova G31.9+0.0 cosmic stream impact
5,560 BC (±200years) (Volcanism) – Tuhua, Mayor Island, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand (VEI-5)
5,550 BC (Volcano) – Pali-Aike, Argentina/Chile border
5,550 BC (±150years) (Volcanism) – Tao-Rusyr Caldera, Kuril Islands, South of Japan (VEI-5)
5,550 BC (±100years) (Volcanism) – Mashu, Hokkaido, Japan (VEI-6)
5,500-5,300BC (Tsunami) – Marques de Pombal fault, Portugal
5,498 BC (Space) – Supernova G57.2+0.8 biosphere impact
5,250 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Aniakchak, Alaska Peninsula, USA (VEI-6)
5,250 BC (Volcanism) – Socompa, Chile
5,060 BC (Volcanism) – Mayor Island/Tuhua, New Zealand
5,000 BC (Volcanism) – Avachinsky, Russia
5,000 BC (Volcanism) –Volcan, Costa Rica
5,000 BC (Volcanism) – Alban Hills, Italy
5,000 BC (Impact) – Zerelia West, Thessaly, Greece (??/250km)
5,000 BC (Impact) – Zerelia East, Thessaly, Greece (??/150km)
5,000 BC (Impact) – Macha, Russia (??/30m)
4,895 BC (Volcanism) – Crater Lake in Oregon, USA
4,750 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Hudson, Cerro, Southern Chile (VEI-6)
4,700 BC (Space) – Supernova G296.7-0.9/?
4,650 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Mazama, forming Crater Lake in Oregon, USA (VEI-7)
4,600 BC (Impact) – Ilumetsä, Estonia (??/80m)
4,500 BC (Space) – Supernova W44/?
4,360 BC (±200years) (Volcanism) – Macauley Island, Kermadec Islands, New Zealand (VEI-6)
4,340 BC (±75years) (Volcanism) – Avachinsky, Kamchatka (VEI-5)
4,300 BC (Volcanism) – Kikai, Ryukyu Islands, Japan (VEI-7)
4,200 BC (Tsunami) – Donana National Park, Southern Spain
4,050 BC (Volcanism) – Masaya Volcano, Nicaragua (VEI-6)
4,000 BC (±200years) (Volcanism) – Pago, New Britain, Papua New Guinea (VEI-6)
3,900 BC (Space) – Supernova G43.3-0.2/?
3,600 BC (Tsunami) – Marques de Pombal fault Lisbon Portugal
3,600 BC (Earthquake, Landslide & Tsunami) – At the coast of Peru researchers found the disappeared of the Supe people coincided with earthquakes and landslides followed by massive flooding
3,580 BC (±50years) (Volcanism) – Haroharo Caldera, New Zealand (VEI-5)
3,580 BC (±200years) (Volcanism) – Talisay (Taal) Caldera, island of Luzon, Philippines (VEI-6)
3,550 BC (Volcanism) – Pinatubo, island of Luzon, Philippines (VEI-6)
3,400 BC (Impact) – Boxhole, Northern Territory, Australia (??/170m)
3,400 BC (Space) – Supernova G32.0-4.9
3,300 BC (Other) – The Bronze Age begins in the Near East
3,200-2,900 BC (Climate & Other) – A 5° drop in temperature. This period is known as the Piora Oscillation and several cultures collapsed
3,200 BC (±150years) (Volcanism) – Avachinsky, Kamchatka, Russia (VEI-5)
3,166 BC (Space) – Supernova W44/? biosphere impact
3,150 BC (Volcanism) – Galeras, Colombia
3,000 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Rainier, USA
3,000 BC (Impact & Tsunami) – Burckle, off the cost of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean (??km/30km) This must have been a very large hit to make a 30km crater as it went through miles of water. It also had to make mega-tsunamis in every direction while the instant water vapour is associated with prolonged rain and the great flood by some (??/30km)
2,700-2,400 BC (Tsunami) – Punta Umbria, Huelva, Spain
2,580 BC (Volcanism) – Galeras, Colombia



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:15 AM
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a reply to: ICycle2

2,530 BC (Space) – Supernova G32.0-4.9 biosphere impact
2,500 BC (Space) – Supernova G299
2,420 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Vesuvius, Italy (VEI-5)
2,300-2,100 BC (Tsunami) – Bay of Cadiz, Spain
2,300 BC (±100years) (Volcanism) – Cerro Blanco VEI-, Andes, Argentina
2,200 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Rainier, Washington, USA
2,200 BC (Impact) – Henbury, Northern Territory, Australia multiple impacts (??/150m)
2,200-2,100 BC (Other) – The 4.2 ka event with the collapse and movement of many civilisations – (drought or climate)
2,150 BC (Earthquake) – Magnitude estimated at 7.5 in Al-Karak, Bab-A-Daraa, Jordan
2,040 BC (±100years) (Volcanism) – Long Island, Papua New Guinea (VEI-6)
2,000 BC (Impact) – Kaalijärv, Estonia multiple impacts (??/12 - 110m)
2,000 BC (Impact) – Campo Del Cielo, Argentina (??/50m)
2,000 BC (Earthquake) – Magnitude estimated at 7.1 in Turkmenistan killing 1
2,000 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Unknown but large magnitude at Ugarit, Syria
2,000 BC-Current (Sea level) – At Durban, South Africa the sea level rise indicate a 1.48 mm/year average
1,900 BC (±150years) (Volcanism) – Black Peak, Alaska Peninsula, USA (VEI-6)
1,900 BC (±150years) (Unexplained) – The Harappan civilization mysteriously disappeared in South Asia one or more quakes could have blocked or diverted the water that flowed through the now dry riverbed. That would have turn the part of the Harappan region into the desert it is today destroying (or forced them to move) the Harappan civilization in the process
1,890 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Hudson, Cerro, Southern Chile (VEI-6)
1,860 BC (Volcanism) – Mount St. Helens, Washington, USA (VEI-6)
1,831 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown but large magnitude at Mount Tai, Xia, China
1,800 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Etna, east coast of Sicily, Italy
1,750 BC (Volcanism) – Veniaminof, Alaska Peninsula, USA (VEI-7)
1,700 BC (Space) – Supernova Puppis-A
1,645 BC (±10 years) (Volcanism) – Veniaminof VEI-6, Alaska Peninsula, USA
1,613 BC (±7 years) (Volcanism, Landslide, Tsunami & Atmosphere) – The "Minoan eruption" of Santorini. Mount Thera explode (VEI-7) in Greece with atmospheric changes, massive landslides and tsunamis
1,566 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Ariha (Jericho), Israel
1,500 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Etna, east coast of Sicily, Italy
1,500 BC (Volcanism) – Avachinsky, Kamchatka (VEI-5)
1,470 BC (Volcanism) – Thera or Santorini, Greece (VEI-6)
1,460 BC (Volcanism) – Taupo, New Zealand (VEI-6)
1,450 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Lacus Cimini, Italy
1,450 BC (Volcanism) – Santorini, Greece
1,370 BC (Volcanism) – Witori Caldera, Pago, east of Kimbe, New Britain, Papua New Guinea (VEI-6)
1,365 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Unknown magnitude in the Syrian Coast, Syria
1,350 BC (Volcanism) – Avachinsky, Kamchatka (VEI-5)
1,325 or 325 BC (Space) – Supernova G299 biosphere impact
1,260 BC (Other) – The Trojan War in Greece, Troy (present-day Turkey)
1,250 BC (Earthquake) – Magnitude estimated at 6.5 in Ariha (Jericho), Israel
1,225-1,177 BC (Other) – It was the driest years the near East and Mediterranean has ever experienced and led to the fall of their civilisations. Although the Sea-people were originally blamed because of their attacks, but they were more bothersome and not the main reason
1,200 BC (Earthquake) – A possible earthquake in the Mediterranean
1,200 BC (Other) – The Chinese already use oil for light and heating
1,200-1,150 BC (Other) - Bronze Age collapse in South-western Asia and the Eastern Merranean region
1,160 BC (Volcanism) – Galeras, Colombia
1,050 BC (Earthquake) – Magnitude estimated at 6.2 at the Timna Copper Mines, Jordan
1050 BC (Volcanism) – Pinatubo, island of Luzon, Philippines (VEI-6)
900 BC (Volcanism) – Volcan Arenal, Costa Rica
831 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude at Mount Tai, Xia China
759 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Jerusalem, Israel
750 BC (Earthquake) – The Amos' quake estimated at magnitude 7.8 – 8.2 near Libanon
695-12 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Edna eruptions, Italy (around 16 times with massif eruption in 122 BC)
600 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown but large magnitude – Subduction Zone
590 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Unknown magnitude in Tyre, Lebanon
550 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude at Mount Taygetus, Greece
550 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Tongariro, New Zealand (VEI-5)
525 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Unknown magnitude in Saida, Tyre, Lebanon
500 BC (Tsunami) – Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu, India and Maldives
498 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Etna, east coast of Sicily, Italy
490 BC (Volcanism) – Galeras, Colombia
480 BC (September 29) (Tsunami) – Unknown magnitude in the Saronic Gulf, Greece



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:15 AM
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479 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Magnitude estimated at 7.2 in Macedonia, Greece - during the Persian siege of the sea town Potidaea the Greek historian Herodotus reports how the Persian attackers were surprised by "a great flood-tide”
464 BC (Earthquake) – Magnitude estimated at 7.2 Antiquity, Sparta, Greece killing up to 20,000
439 BC (Space) – Supernova G296.7-0.9/? biosphere impact
432 BC (Earthquake) – A unknown magnitude in Roman Territories, Greece
426 BC (June) (Earthquake & Tsunami) – A series with the largest magnitude at 7.1 in the Euboic Gulf (Euboea), Greece. The tsunami caused by one of the earthquakes killed up to 2,500
400 BC (Earthquake) – A series with the largest magnitude at 7.6 in Eivan-E-Kay, Rey, Iran
400 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Meager, Garibaldi Volcanic Belt, Canada (VEI-5)
373 BC (Earthquake, Landslide & Tsunami) – Magnitude estimated at 7.3, Greece - the Greek city of Helike was submerged and destroyed causing a tsunami. Historians recorded that the rats, snakes and weasels had abandoned Helice just days before the quake struck.
364 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Rome, Italy
352-50 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Etna, east coast of Sicily, Italy
350 BC (Volcanism) – Raoul Island VEI-6, Kermadec Islands, New Zealand
330 BC (October) (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Magnitude estimated at 7.0 in the Aegean Sea, Greece
326 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Unknown magnitude in Kutch, India
320 BC (Volcanism) – Taapaca, Chile
282 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Lysimachia, Turkey
282 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Delphi, Greece
258 BC (Volcanism) – Methana, Greece
250 BC (Volcanism) – Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands, New Zealand (VEI-6)
250 BC (Earthquake) – Magnitude estimated at 6.9 in Chiguchin, Kyrgyzstan
240 BC (Other) – The earliest sighting of Halley's Comet is made and recorded by Chinese astronomers
240 BC (Other) – Eratosthenes from Cyrene, now Shahhat, Libya measures the size of the earth (circumference) with surprising accuracy
227 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Magnitude estimated at 7.2 in Dodecanese Islands, Greece
226 BC (Earthquake) – Rhodes, Greece destroyed Colossus of Rhodes and city of Kameiros
226 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown but large magnitude in Rhodes, Greece destroyed Colossus of Rhodes and city of Kameiros
223 BC (October) (Earthquake & Tsunami) – A unknown magnitude in Greece
221 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown but large magnitude in Libya, Siwa Oasis, Egypt
218 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Unknown magnitude in Cadiz, Spain
217 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Gaule, Liguria, Italy
210 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Unknown magnitude in Cabo San Vicente, Portugal
200 BC (Landslide) – North Island, New Zealand
198/7 BC (Volcanism & Tsunami) – Kameni islands, Santorini, Greece with tsunami in the Mediterranean Sea
186 BC (February 22) (Earthquake) – Magnitude estimated at 7.0 in the Gansu Province, China killing 760
177 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Sabines, Italy
170 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown but large magnitude – Subduction Zone
143-124 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Etna, east coast of Sicily, Italy
130 BC (Space) – Hipparchus develops the first accurate star map and catalogue with over 850 of the brightest stars
122 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Etna massif but unknown VEI, Italy
121 BC (Other) – Roman armies enter Gaul. They could however not overpower the tribe of Vitalstatistix with Asterix & Obelix in the lead. They were invisible due to magic potion made by their Drude Getafix. The famous musician Cacofonix lived during this time (Humour - except the part where the Romans entered Gaul)
104 BC (Volcanism) – Vulsini, Italy
100 BC (Volcanism) – Okmok Caldera, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA (VEI-6)
70 BC (June) (Earthquake) – Magnitude estimated at 7.0 in the Shandong Province, China killing around 6,000
66 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Etna, east coast of Sicily, Italy
63 BC (February 22) (Earthquake) – (October) Magnitude estimated at 6.4 in Pantikapey, Russia
60 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Magnitude estimated at 6.7 in Cabo San Vicente, Portugal with tsunami at the Galicia coasts
58 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Magnitude estimated at 6.6 in Dyrrachium, Albaninia
58-51 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Etna, east coast of Sicily, Italy
50 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Unknown magnitude in Bisone, Dionisopolis, Bulgaria
50 BC (Earthquake & Tsunami) – Magnitude estimated at 5.5 in Dyoscuria, Georgia
50 BC (Volcanism) – Apoyeque, Nicaragua (VEI-6)
47 BC (Earthquake) – (April 17) Unknown magnitude in Longxi, Gansu Province, China
46-34 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Etna, east coast of Sicily, Italy



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:16 AM
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44 BC (March 15) (Other) Bye, bye Julius Caesar
44-43 BC (Volcanism, Atmosphere & Climate) – The Okmok volcano in Alaska altered the atmosphere and cooled down the climate. The cold spike lasted 2,500 years
33 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Israel/Palestine killing around 30,000
31 BC (Earthquake) – (September 02) Magnitude estimated at 7.0 in Qumran, Ariha, Israel/(Jericho)
29-27 BC (Volcanism) – Laguna Caldera, island of Luzon South-East of Manila
27 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Thebes, Egypt that devastated the temple of Amenhotep III in Luxor
26 BC (Earthquake) – Magnitude estimated at 5.5 in Sichuanc, Yibin, China killing 13
26 BC (Earthquake) & Tsunami) – A unknown magnitude in Cyprus
15 BC (Earthquake) – Unknown magnitude in Salamis, Cyprus
12 BC (Volcanism) – Mount Etna, east coast of Sicily, Italy



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:18 AM
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Wow, some effort there in putting together this thread.

Now if only i knew why ?



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:29 AM
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You really took the time and effort to create this list. I may not agree with it. But I do respect it.a reply to: ICycle2


edit on 28-8-2020 by CopeLongCut because: What I meant was. Really, great job. I mean it.



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 05:45 AM
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Big collection of facts. Paints a dynamic history of Earth.



posted on Aug, 28 2020 @ 09:35 AM
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a reply to: CthruU

Click on the link at the top of the page

 


MOD note....thread closed and topped.
edit on Fri Aug 28 2020 by DontTreadOnMe because: (no reason given)



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