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The great Queen of Heaven, who rides upon an awesome me, who dwells on the peak of the bright mountain, who adorns the dais of the bright mountain, my lord and king, who is her servant, had them introduce her as the "Divine Queen of Eanna."
Some texts mention a group of goddesses collectively named the "Ladies" Nanaya, Beltu-§a-Re§, Usur-amassu, and Urkayltu. They formed with Istar a pentad which stood at the center of the religious life of Uruk, it is probable that each of these goddesses was to some degree viewed as a manifestation of Istar.
The importance of Nanaya in the pantheon of Uruk derived from her position as daughter of An, and also as daughter of Inanna, with whom she became syncretized at a very early date. A hymn with prayer for king Isbi-Erra portrays the goddess as a creature of Inanna, endowed with the same attributes, and to whom Inanna has delegated her powers:
In her role as goddess of love, the quality which is most consistently ascribed to Nanaya is expressed by the Sumerian word bi-li, "charm, luxuriance, voluptuousness, sensuality.
Usur-amassu is characterized as "resident of Uruk," an inscription of Esarhaddon ascribes to her the epithets "provider of counsel" and "intercessor."
For the goddess Usur-amassu, august lady, who renders judgment for the land, who makes decisions for heaven and the netherworld, daughter of the god Adad, beloved of the god Marduk, the one whose command cannot be changed.
UrkayTtu is often paired with Usur-amassu and was probably a resident of her sanctuary in the Eanna temple, typical inscriptions UrkayTtu is benevolent" and "Under the protection of UrkayTtu"
Urkayltu, the "Urukean Goddess " who is equated in god lists with Istar-of-Uruk, the numen loci of Uruk, and mystically embodied the spirit of the city.
"May he who sits next lo Urkitlu not come to shame in the assembly of those who wish him ill."
The identity of the goddess Beltu-Sa-Res" "Lady-of-the-ReS " who is attested exclusively at Uruk during the Neo-Babylonian and Seleucid periods, remains mysterious the depu weapon and whip are associate with her cult.
De Vogel, Goff and Van Buren tell us that the use of the pentagram dates back to Uruk IV (c.3500BCE) in ancient Mesopotamia where the general sense seems to be "heavenly body." By the cuneiform period (post 2600 BCE) the pentagram or symbol UB means "region," "heavenly quarter" or "direction". "That this symbol always has a specific unambiquous meaning continues to be an unsupported hypothesis." It is found on potsherds in the location of Uruk , and more frequently on Jemdet Nasr (3100-2900 BCE) and Proto-Elamite tablets (3000-2500 BCE). Examples elsewhere are infrequent