I was reading these over on The Aviationist. I hadn't heard of these three, and found them to be very interesting.
Case #1: PB4Y-2 vs LA-11s
On April 8, 1950 a Consolidated PB4Y-2 (a patrol bomber based on the B-24 Liberator) departed from Weisbaden Air Base in Germany for a patrol over the
Baltic to try to monitor Soviet submarine activity in the area.
While on the patrol, approximately 10 miles off the coast of Latvia they were intercepted by four Soviet La-11 fighters. The fighters attempted to
get the PB4Y crew to follow them, using international signals, which the crew refused. The fighters shot the aircraft down, presumably killing the 10
crew members on board.
A search and rescue was immediately launched, which found no sign of the wreckage or the crew. On April 16th, the search was called off after no sign
of the crew was found. But that's where the mystery starts. On April 15th, a search plane spotted an inflated raft, that showed signs of the
pockets being manually opened. A second damaged raft, and a wheel with a bullet hole were also found.
Later, John Noble, who survived several years in a Soviet gulag returned with stories of someone that saw survivors from the crew. One of the pilots
involved in the incident also reported that the plane caught fire after being hit, and seeing 10 parachutes come out, before the aircraft exploded.
Case #2: El Al Constellation vs MiG-15s
On July 27, 1955 El Al Flight 402, an L-049 Constellation, registration 4X-AKC, departed London for Tel Aviv, through Wien. They stopped at
Wien-Schwecat, as scheduled. After departing, they encountered thunderstorm activity on the way to Israel.
They were following Non Directional Beacons for navigation, and believed they were over Skopje, so they made the turn as scheduled. This turned them
into Bulgarian airspace, where they were intercepted at 16,000 feet, and shot down. The aircraft sustained several hits that started a fire on board,
and led to the flight breaking up, killing all 58 people on board (7 crew, 51 passengers).
Case #3: Libyan Arab Airlines 727 vs F-4s
On 21 Feb 1973, Libyan Arab Airlines flight 114, a Boeing 727, registration 5A-DAH, departed from Tripoli for Cairo, via Benghazi, with 113
After departing Benghazi, the flight encountered a sandstorm that forced them to navigate by on board instruments. The Cairo VOR system and radar
following was in shambles, and the crew (mostly French under an agreement between Libya and France), began to suspect they were off course. They
didn't realize at the time that they were over the Sinai peninsula, which was occupied by Israel at the time, and were headed directly towards Bir
Gafgafa Air Base.
Two Israeli F-4s were scrambled that intercepted the aircraft. They intercepted the flight, and attempted to get the crew to follow them. The crew,
apparently decided to try to turn back and get out of Sinai airspace. The F-4 pilots fired shots at the aircraft, attempting to minimize the damage,
and shot at the wingtips, damaging the flight controls.
The damage caused was worse than they expected, forcing the plane to crash land in the desert, causing an explosion in the vicinity of the right main
landing gear destroying most of the airframe, and killing all but 5 on board, including the copilot.