posted on Nov, 22 2004 @ 07:14 PM
Did a quick google search.
The underwater test is known as "Operation Wigwam".
It was a 45 kiloton nuclear bomb (about 2X the explosive power as "Fat Man"/Nagasaki), detonated 2,000 feet underwater (the ocean depth at the area
of detonation is 16,000 feet).
Here is what the surface effects of the explosion looked like:
[size=0]C-54 ariel view of Wigwam Detonation.
Shock wave racing towards plane creates
white caps across ocean swells.
A detailed description of the event:
Operation Wigwam consisted of a single nuclear detonation, (both the operation and test are known as
Wigwam), conducted 400-500 miles SW of San Diego, California(about 29 Deg N, 126 Deg W). It was a deep water test (the ocean is 16,000 feet deep at
that point) to investigate the vulnerability of submarines to deep nuclear weapons, and the feasibility of using depth bombs in combat (there was
considerable concern about problems with surface contamination). The test device was a B-7 (Mk-90) Betty depth bomb that was suspended by a 2000 ft
cable from a barge. The dry weight of the bomb was 8250 lb, 5700 lb when submerged.
6800 personnel on 30 ships participated in Wigwam. A 6 mile tow-line connected the fleet tug, Tawasa and the shot barge. Suspended from this line at
varying ditances from the barge were three "Squaws" - sub-scale submarine-like pressure hulls equipped with instruments and cameras.
The ships conducting the test were 5 miles upwind from the barge, with the exception of the USS George Eastman (YAG-39) and USS Granville S. Hall
(YAG-40). These two ships were equipped with heavy shielding and were stationed 5 miles downwind. Both ships were contaminated by the base surge, but
due to the relatively dilute radioactivity (since the shot was at such a great depth) and the heavy shielding kept exposures within the Operation
Wigwam dose limit of 3.9 rems. Nearly all personnel were issued film badges to measure radiation exposure, and some 10,000 badges were processed. Only
3 personnel were measured as having doses exceeding 0.5 rems.
I love this stuff.