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Originally posted by diehard_democrat
I think I've got it:
"C" represents the speed of light
"S" represents the speed of the spacecraft
"P" represents the speed of light viewed from the spacecraft.
C + D = P
[edit on 14-10-2004 by diehard_democrat]
Ever feel like time moves really quickly or really slowly? Like how the hours fly by when you're hanging out with your best friend or how seconds drag on endlessly when you're stuck inside on a rainy day. But you can't really slow time down or speed it up, right? It always flows at the same rate.
Einstein didn't think so. His idea was that the closer we came to traveling at the speed of light, the more time would slow down for us relative to someone not moving. He called the slowing of time due to motion, time dilation.
No way, you say? Well, imagine this. You're standing on Earth holding a clock. Your best friend is in a rocket zooming past you at 250,000 km per second (lucky friend!). Your friend is also holding a clock. If you could see your friend's clock, you'd notice that it seems to be moving a lot more slowly than yours. Your friend, on the other hand, thinks the clock in the rocket is moving just fine, and it's your clock that seems to be moving more slowly. Still sounds confusing? Well, remember it took Einstein years to figure this out, and he was considered a genius.
Einstein came up with an example to show the effects of time dilation which he called the "twin paradox." It's a lot like the Time Traveler game. Let's try it out with a pair of pretend twins, Eyne and Stine, both of whom are 10 years old in their pretend universe.
Eyne decides she has had enough of Earth and needs a vacation. She's heard great things about rock resorts in the Alpha-3 star system, which is 25 light years away (a light year is the distance light travels in a year). Stine, who has a math test next week, must stay at home to study. So Eyne sets out on her own. Wanting to get there as quickly as possible, she decides to travel at 99.99 percent of the speed of light. The trip to the star and back takes just over 50 years. What happens when Eyne returns? Stine is now 60 years old, but Eyne is only ten and a half! How can this be? Eyne was away for fifty years but only aged by half a year!
www.pbs.org...
I suggeast reading this book (The Elegant Universe by Brian Greene). It really explains these theories well.
Originally posted by mags
WaStEdDeAtH777 is right. As speed increases time slows, it is actually proven. It is just so slight in our relm to be noticed. But you would not actually see things going double time or anything like that, it would be a difference in time based on relativity, everything would appear normal.
www.pbs.org...
I suggeast reading this book (The Elegant Universe by Brian Greene). It really explains these theories well.
Originally posted by Paul
From the Theory Of Special Relativity, time dilates as follows:
where t=time dilation, t0 is observed time, v=velocity, and c=speed of light
Here is a useful link explaining the phenomenon.
No, you're all wrong, the nebula will seem to be going in SLOW MOTION. Since you're going so quickly, time is slowed in your perspective. Same goes for anyone looking at you through a telescope from the nebula. They will ALSO seem to see you going in slow motion. Reason being? You may be slowing time down, but you are still on the same "clock" as the other observer. Let's say you both hypothetically live to be 80. You will both life 80 hypothetical years, but one will have bent time and space to slow it thus increasing the lifespan relative to the observer on the nebula.
If this is too confusing I'll try to get the explanation from the book that I'm reading which summarized General and Special relativity.
Originally posted by diehard_democrat
The theory of relativity only comes into account if you are travelling at the speed of light, I recall.
It actually holds for all motion. Yes time dialtion occurs as I walk down the street. The effects become more pronounced at greater speeds. Traveling at, say, 75% of the speed of light causes signifigant dialations.