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The Congolese government said the UN group of experts' report is being stalled by Rwanda and its allies on the security council to protect President Paul Kagame.
Rwanda vehemently denies that it is sending fighters and weapons across the border. Kagame rebuked Congo and said it should take responsibility.
Claims that Rwanda's military has been aiding a mutiny in eastern Congo led by the renegade general Bosco Ntaganda have been gathering momentum in recent weeks, with a leaked UN report followed by allegations from Human Rights Watch.
United Nations (UN) human rights chief on Tuesday expressed deep concern about the safety of the civilians living in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) as violence in the region escalated. Noting that fighting has continued between the Congolese army and the M23 movement, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said many of the leaders of the M23 have "appalling" track records. "I fear the very real possibility that they will inflict additional horrors on the civilian population as they attack villages in eastern DRC," she said. Pillay singled out five leaders of M23, including Col. Sultani Makenga, Col. Baudouin Ngaruye, Col. Innocent Zimurinda, Col. Innocent Kaina, and Gen. Bosco Ntaganda, who is already wanted by the International Criminal Court
Rwanda President Paul Kagame, speaking at a news conference in Kigali Tuesday, told reporters Rwanda has nothing to do with the rebellion that began in North Kivu province in April. "I have simply, and this [means] Rwanda, has simply no responsibility for it. Somebody else has responsibility for it,” he said.
Thierry Vircoulon, Central Africa Director for International Crisis Group, said the war of words is threatening to undermine progress the two countries have made repairing their historically rocky relationship.
The current rebellion in North Kivu has been perpetrated by soldiers aligned with a former rebel group known as the CNDP. The soldiers were integrated into the Congolese national army as part of a 2009 peace deal, but defected as pressure mounted on the government to arrest former rebel-turned-general Bosco Ntaganda on an International Criminal Court warrant. Vircoulon said he cannot confirm the mutineers are receiving support from Rwanda, but said their ability to sustain their rebellion this long is suspicious.
"Apparently the mutineers, who are only 200 or 300 people, are able to push back several thousand Congolese soldiers," said Vircoulon. "So from a purely military point of view, I wonder how they can do that without support coming from somewhere.”
The US is not blocking a report by the DRC group of experts," Payton Knopf, US mission deputy spokesperson, said in a statement. At a UN sanctions committee meeting last week, "the United States asked a number of relevant questions and is carefully studying the information presented by the experts in anticipation of Council discussions on June 26," Knopf added. "We and the other members of the committee are studying the findings carefully and will continue to discuss their implications once the report is public," he added. A Security Council diplomat said the report would be published and that UN efforts now are being concentrated on making DR Congo and Rwanda work together to end the rebel threat.
Rwandan Defense Minister James Kabarebe and other top Rwandan military officers played a central role in organizing, funding, and arming mutineers in the army of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), according to a report by the U.N. Group of Experts. The U.N. panel also charged that Kabarebe's personal assistant, Celestin Senkoko, and other Rwandan officers mounted a "wide-ranging" effort to convince Congolese businessmen, politicians, and former rebels that had joined the ranks of the Congolese army to join the so-called M23 mutiny with the aim prosecuting "a new war to obtain a secession of both Kivus," the eastern Congolese provinces that share ethnic and historical ties to Rwanda.