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Treatment is generally with anti-parasitic drugs in combination with anti-inflammatory drugs. Surgery is sometimes necessary to treat cases in the eyes, cases that are not responsive to drug treatment, or to reduce brain edema (swelling). Not all cases of cysticercosis are treated. Often, the decision of whether or not to treat neurocysticercosis is based upon the number of lesions found in the brain and the symptoms. When only one lesion is found, often treatment is not given. If there is more than one lesion, specific anti-parasitic treatment is generally recommended.
If the brain lesion is considered calcified (this means that a hard shell has formed around the tapeworm larvae), the cysticerci is considered dead and specific anti-parasitic treatment is not beneficial.
As the cysticerci die, the lesion will shrink. The swelling will go down, and often symptoms (such as seizures) will go away.
GIARDIA - infection rates - 2-15% in various parts of the world
Cryptosporidium - Waterborne outbreak in Milwaukee, Wis. in the water supply in 1993 infected 300,000. Data indicates there are 500 million cryptosporidium infections worldwide.
*TRICHOMONAS - (5 million women and 1 million men in U.S. infected)
Nervous System Protozoa
* NAEGLERIA FOWLERI - Closely resembles bacterial meningitis but is a protozoa found in moist soil and fresh water. Acute suppurative infection of the brain and meninges.
Originally posted by mopusvindictus
WARNING NOT FOR THE FAINT OF HEART OR STOMACH DO NOT LOOK IF SQUEEMISH
Not going to actually post Images... it's too much
This is sickening
Parasites of this type in full Bloom
You were warned
[edit on 20-11-2008 by mopusvindictus]
If you’ve never heard of Naegleria fowleri, don’t be surprised. Unlike the pork tapeworm, N. fowleri has only infected about 175 people in the world, causing a disease called primary amoebic meningo-cephalitis. But out of those 175 people, only six have survived, giving a mortality rate of 97 percent. For this reason, it is quite an important parasite to study, as there are no current treatments that have proven effective against it.
When an amoeba invades a person, it is normally in its active, reproductive phase. Invasion occurs when the amoeba attaches to the inside of its host’s nose and then travels up the nose to the brain. The amoeba follows the path laid out by the olfactory nerve, although sometimes it can also use the bloodstream. Several enzymes released by the amoeba are able to dissolve the host’s tissues, giving access to the brain. Once in the brain, the amoeba causes damage by actually eating the nerve cells.