The following paper was translated by the CIA's Foreign Broadcast Information Service. It is an analysis -- taken from popular sources in the open
American literature -- of the U.S. Department of Defense's purported research into the paranormal in the Eighties. The information in this article on
American views was re-used in a 1997 research paper published by the Hudson Institute think tank which purported to be about "Russian" views on
electronic and information warfare, not American.
Title: Psychotronic Weapons: Myth or Reality?
Document Number: JPRS-UFM-94-005
Document Type: JPRS
Document Title: Central Eurasia
Document Region: Foreign Military Review No 2, 1994
Document Date: 3 August 1994
Sourceline: 94UM0387D Moscow ZARUBEZHNOYE VOYENNOYE OBOZRENIYE in
Russian No 2, 1994 (signed to press 7 Jan 94) pp 17-19
AFS Number: 94UM0387D
Citysource: Moscow ZARUBEZHNOYE VOYENNOYE OBOZRENIYE
Article Type: CSO
Subslug: [Article by Lt Col V. Pavlychev]
[Text] In July 1992, the program "Now It Can Be Told" was
shown over channels of the American television company NBC. It
was devoted to problems of studying the possibilities of using
individuals possessing a powerful bio-field for military
purposes. It was noted that about $1 million is being spent
annually on this work being accomplished by the U.S. Defense
Intelligence Agency. People with extrasensory perception were
used to detect enemy troop and armament concentration areas and
also to search for hostages. A special program of the U.S. Navy
was mentioned, with the code name Aquarius, during which
"clairvoyants" supposedly helped "locate" Soviet submarines. It
was also said that during the war with Iraq, attempts were made
to use telepathists to worsen the health of Iraqi President
Saddam Khusayn. In an official statement, the Pentagon denied
this sensational information. However, lately such an exotic
topic has been attracting more than just journalists.
Throughout the 1980's, abroad and above all in the United
States, there was an increase in the activeness of certain
military and civilian scientists in studying problems of
bioenergy* associated with so-called paranormal human
capabilities. The division of research devoted to the study of
paranormal phenomena has been given the name parapsychology. It
examines methods of receiving and transmitting information
without using the normal organs of sense and also mechanisms of
man's influence on physical objects and phenomena without
muscular efforts. The term psychotronics is widespread--the
creation of various technical devices based on energy from a
bio-field, that is, a specific physical field existing around a
living organism. This is how the concept of psychotronic
weapons, created based on using paranormal properties of the
human organism, entered military terminology.
It should be noted that in the West these problems
attract the attention of a quite large group of enthusiasts
claiming scientific priority in the study of paranormal
phenomena. Popular magazines as well as a number of special
periodicals, monographs, and survey works of a reference nature
are devoting much attention to describing such phenomena.
Seminars, conferences, and symposiums are being conducted,
including at the international level.
At the same time, a large group of scientists, above all in
the field of the human psyche, until recently have continued to
take the stand of sharp non-acceptance of the results of such
studies of paranormal phenomena (often denying the very
possibility of their existence) not corresponding
methodologically and by the world outlook to concepts accepted
in modern science.
In the mid-1980's, a series of review articles examining a
person's paranormal capabilities from positions of modern
scientific knowledge appeared in foreign scientific journals.
They reported, for example, that Professor W. Paeshcke
(Stutgart, FRG) used artificially generated fields to affect a
person's energy potential, as a result of which in certain
conditions that person proved himself to be an exceptional
personality. A former NASA employee, Dr. A. Puharich, studied
the effect of poisonous mushrooms on the possibility of
transmitting information between people over great distances.
Robert G. John and colleagues from Princeton University (USA),
in summarizing the results of their experiments, tried to apply
the laws of quantum mechanics when evaluating parapsychological
phenomena. Dr. Z. Harwalick (USA) examined the mechanisms of
interaction of the human organism with geological anomalies.
At the same time, numerous articles have appeared associated
with studying the possibilities of using discoveries in the
field of bioenergy, parapsychology in particular, for military
purposes. Simultaneously, a number of scientific projects on
this problem have received financial support, although small
(about $6 million), from the U.S. Department of Defense, which
indicates the Pentagon's interest in this problem. In addition,
the Defense Department has been conducting research under a
number of programs (for example, "Biological Information
Transmission Systems Not Previously Studied"), the content of
which and the results obtained were not published for the public
In the United States, primarily Rand, Westinghouse, General
Electric, Bell Telephone Company, the Military Research Center
at Redstone, the U.S. Army Scientific Research Institute for the
Behavioral and Social Sciences (city of Alexandria) deal with
questions of parapsychology. The Stanford Scientific Research
Institute, known for its ties to the Pentagon, is noted for
being the most active. Scientific workers and specialists are
studying and trying to master the following complex phenomena:
extrasensory perception--perceiving the properties of objects,
their condition, sounds, odors, and thoughts of people without
contact with them and without using normal sensory organs;
telepathy--the transfer of thoughts and the psychic state of a
person over a distance; clairvoyance (foresight)--observing an
object (target) located beyond visual contact;
psychokinesis--affecting physical objects using the influence of
thought, causing them to move or be destroyed;
telekinesis--thought movement of a person whose body remains at
a state of rest (such names as out-of-body movement and movement
in a paranormal state).
Presently, one can single out four basic directions of
military-applied research in the field of bio-energy.
First, elaboration of methods of intentionally influencing a
person's psychic activities. The American press has reported
that in the early 1980's, the U.S. Army conducted scientific
work to create an "new age Army." They studied teaching soldiers
meditation, developing their ability for extrasensory perception
and magic, as well as for "neurolinguistic instruction" and
hypnotism methods. According to THE NEW YORK TIMES this program
was closed, and its main leaders are no longer serving in the
armed forces. Nevertheless, work in this direction continues.
The Department of the Army has allocated $425,000 to the
National Academy for preparing a report which would
scientifically substantiate the possibility of creating
"super-soldiers" on the basis of using various paranormal
capabilities. The report, published in late 1988, was given the
title "Developing Human Potential." It concluded that the
majority of these unusual phenomena "are not backed by
scientific data." However, in the opinion of the report's
authors, some of the problems raised in it may be of interest to
the Defense Department; therefore, additional appropriations
will be required for conducting fundamental research.
The second direction includes an in-depth study of
paranormal phenomena that are of greatest interest from the standpoint of
possible military use--clairvoyance, telekinesis, and so forth.
A detailed description of experiments on this problem is
contained in the book by Russell Targ and Kit Harari, "The
Psychic Race" (1984). Dr. R. Targ, a psychiatrist also having
experience in the field of laser, optical, and microwave
technology, studied parapsychology over a period of 10 years.
Together with other scientists, he conducted experiments on
studying a person's ability to observe objects beyond visual
contact ("sight over distance").
During the sessions, the subject was to mentally "see" a
specific area or visit it and subsequently describe it in
detail. The data received indicated that, on the whole, this
task was accomplished satisfactorily, although neither the
subject nor the organizers of the experiment knew anything
before about the object of observation. Independent persons
monitoring the results confirmed the receipt of fairly accurate
information. As a result, the prospects of collecting
reconnaissance information using long-range sight (remote sight)
or telekinesis (out-of-body movement) became obvious.
The framework of this phenomenon is quite broad: on a
strategic scale, it is possible to penetrate the enemy's main
command and control facilities to become familiar with his
classified documents; on the tactical level, reconnaissance can
be conducted on the battlefield and in the enemy's rear area
(the "clairvoyant-scout" will always be located at a safe
place). However, problems do exist--the number of individuals
possessing these abilities is limited, and the data received
cannot be checked.
According to military experts, using psychokinesis to
destroycommand and control systems and disrupt the functioning of
strategic arms is timely. The ability of a human organism to
emit a certain type of energy today has been confirmed by
photography of a radiation field known as the Kirlian effect.
Psychokinesis is explained by the subject's generation of an
electromagnetic force capable of moving or destroying some
object. Studies of objects destroyed as a result of experiments
conducted have shown a different form of breakage than under the
effect of physical force.
Foreign scientists are devoting special attention to
telepathic hypnosis. Discovering the mechanisms of controlling
this phenomenon of the human organism will make it possible to
conduct a direct transfer of thoughts from one person or group
of people (telepathic subjects) to a selected audience. It is
important here that the subjects not be aware that thoughts are
being implanted from an external source. They must think that
these are their own thoughts. For example, personnel of an enemy
formation executing a sudden breakthrough of defenses, instead
of exploiting the success, will try to consolidate on the line
achieved or even return to the starting line.
The third direction is studying the effect of bio-emissions
on command and control systems, communications systems, and
armament, especially electronic equipment, and also development
of artificial bio-energy generators and plants for affecting
enemy troops and population in order to create anomalous psychic
conditions in them. R. McRae, author of the book "Psychic Wars"
published in 1984, maintains that some of these studies were
conducted when analyzing the behavior of combat crews during the
course of assessing the vulnerability of basing systems for MX
intercontinental ballistic missiles.
It was reported in the American press that CIA specialists
are working with the most well-known U.S. parapsychologists to
find out if people possessing paranormal abilities can create
interference for computer operation.
The fourth and last direction includes developing systems
detecting and monitoring artificial and natural dangerous
bio-emissions and also methods of active and passive protection
against them. Thus, a number of quantitative methods for the
evaluation and practical use of the Kirlian effect have been
proposed at a U.S. Navy laboratory for designing "man-machine"
systems (Monterey, California).
In the opinion of foreign scientists, the current level of
development of physics, chemistry, and biology makes it possible
to place the study of the bio-field on a scientific basis, which
will help accomplish a number of important tasks of applied
importance, including in the military field. Various sensors are
used in experiments on bio-energy. They are able to register
certain manifestations of the bio-field and transform them into
electrical signals that are easily recorded by appropriate
instruments, a large number of which have been developed
recently. High-capacity computers are used to process the data.
American experts have stated that they are close to solving
the problem of controlling a person's ability to emit and
receive bio-energy. Creation of technical devices for detecting
bio-emissions will continue in the United States in the 1990's,
and studies of mathematical modeling of bio-energy interaction
between people will develop further.
Today, there is evidence that parapsychological phenomena
are real and can be controlled under certain circumstances. An
attempt has been made to assess the military potential of such
controllable parapsychological phenomena. Claims that
psychotronic weapons already exist, although their capabilities
have not yet been fully determined, are appearing more and more
often in the western press.
It is difficult now to assess the consequences to which the
use of psychotronic weapons will lead. Many western experts,
including military analysts, assume that the country making the
first decisive breakthrough in this field will gain a
superiority over its enemy that is comparable only with the
monopoly of nuclear weapons. In the future, these type of
weapons may become the cause of illnesses or death of an object
(person), and without any risk to the life of the operator
(person emitting the command). Psychotronic weapons are silent,
difficult to detect, and require the efforts of one or several
operators as a source of power. Therefore, scientific and
military circles abroad are very concerned over a possible
"psychic invasion" and note the need to begin work on taking
*The science studying the mechanisms of transforming energy
in the processes of the vital activities of organisms.
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Cold War ghost stories.
Crypt News 44.
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