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G8 Justice and Interior Ministers on Friday endorsed the setting up of a global biometric database proposed by the Interpol.
Interpol Secretary General Ronald K. Noble views this database as a vital policing tool required to tackle the global problem of prison escapes of terrorists and other dangerous criminals not being promptly and adequately reported to police worldwide.
Noble noted that during the past two years alone, Interpol has become aware that more than 500 prisoners have escaped from at least 72 prisons across 43 countries worldwide.
"With no system in place to automatically alert the international police community, these dangerous criminals are given an unacceptable opportunity to escape apprehension and to cause further harm," Noble said. "Moreover, the absence of a global protocol on sharing vital information such as fingerprints and photographs of escaped prisoners, including terrorists, constitutes a serious threat to the safety and security of citizens worldwide."
Biometrics (ancient Greek: bios ="life", metron ="measure") is the study of methods for uniquely recognizing humans based upon one or more intrinsic physical or behavioral traits.
In information technology, biometric authentication refers to technologies that measure and analyze human physical and behavioural characteristics for authentication purposes. Examples of physical (or physiological or biometric) characteristics include fingerprints, eye retinas and irises, facial patterns and hand measurements, while examples of mostly behavioural characteristics include signature, gait and typing patterns. All behavioral biometric characteristics have a physiological component, and, to a lesser degree, physical biometric characteristics have a behavioral element.