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Decolonization is taken to mean the process by which former colonies, or non-self-governing territories, become self-governing states. Using this broad definition, we can include the independence of the United States and Haiti two centuries ago (in 1776 and in 1804) alongside the independence of St. Lu-cia or the Seychelles in the past two decades. However, this broad definition cannot help us much in analyzing the sequence of changes in the relation-ship between colonizers and colonized before and during the decolonization process. In fact, such a definition describes neither the form nor the causes and content of such changes.
In content, decolonization must be the undoing of a colonial relationship.
The decolonization process operates at four levels. First, an independent
government with full power within the boundaries of the colony is created.
The colonial power will no longer control the political structure of the colony.
A new elite takes over. Second, the provision of public goods and government
services is decided and managed by the new government. The colonial power
will no longer bear the cost of running the colony. Third, new social and
economic institutions are eventually created, aiming at the establishment of
political rights and at improving the levels of economic and social well-being
of the population. Fourth, there may be a process of incorporating culturally
distinct groups in the community, including non-native settlers and different
native population groups. This process can be a violent one due to one
group’s attempt to dominate others.
was contemporary to the fast economic rise and the increasing economic integration of
Europe during the 1950’s and 1960’s - in 1960 alone, 17 former African colonies gained
their independence from both France and Britain - and not to the economic hardship of the
late 1940’s, when the European colonial powers felt a strong need to call in their colonial
resources to finance their post war reconstruction. During the 50’s and 60’s there was a
clear shift of European priorities, in particular British priorities, away from their colonies
and towards Europe itself - see Hobsbawm (1994), Birmingham (1995), and White (2000).
2Notice that this emergence had taken place in India, as in some other colonies, some-
time before the outbreak of WWII. In India, the resistance to British rule began back in
the nineteenth century with the founding of the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1885.
In 1906 the INC adopted for the first time the policy of ‘self-rule’ for India. Prior to World
War II, the British were already committed to eventual self-government and independence
for their largest colony - see Hobsbawm (1994).
3Dependent territories (UK): Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Is-
lands, Montserrat, Pitcairn Islands, St. Helena, Diego Garcia Island, Turks and Caicos
Islands. Associated territories (UK): Channel Islands, Gibraltar, Falklands. Associated
territories (Australia): Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, Norfolk Island. Overseas de-
partments (France): Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Mayotte,
New Caledonia and Dependencies, St. Pierre and Miquelon, R´eunion Island, Wallis and
Futuna Islands. Self-Governing Overseas Administrative Divisions (Denmark): Faeroe Is-
lands, Greenland. Self-Governing Territories in Free Association (New Zealand): Cook
Islands, Niue, Tokelau. Associated Territories (US): American Samoa, Baker and How-
The following excerpt was taken from an outline of a Government Project: The Wildlands Project.
...Humanity must drastically scale down its industrial activities on Earth, change its consumption lifestyles, stabilize and then reduce the size of the human population by humane means, and protect and restore wild ecosystems and the remaining wildlife on the planet." The Wildlands Project
The Tartars had the idea of infecting the enemy by catapulting bodies infected with bubonic plague over the walls of the city of Kaffa. Some historians believe that this event was the cause of the epidemic of plague that swept across medieval Europe killing 25 million.
1763 The British during the French-Indian War. The Native Americans greatly outnumbered the British and were suspected of being on the side of the French. As an "act of good will" the British give blankets to the Indians, but the blankets came from a hospital that was treating smallpox victims and consequently smallpox raged through the Native American community and devastated their numbers.
1814 Andrew Jackson, whose portrait appears on the U.S. $20 bill today, supervised the mutilation of 800 or more Creek Indian corpses, the bodies of men, women and children that his troops had massacred, cutting off their noses to count and preserve a record of the dead, slicing long strips of flesh from their bodies to tan and turn into bridle reins. ( Historian Ward Churchill, A LITTLE MATTER OF GENOCIDE; HOLOCAUST AND DENIAL IN THE AMERICAS, 1492 TO THE PRESENT (San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1997). ISBN 0-87286-323-9. pg.186) U.S. Presidents And The Masonic Power Structure
1911 Turkey established gun control. From 1915-1917, 1.5 million Armenians, unable to defend themselves, were rounded up and exterminated.
1918 The modern history of Biological Warfare (BW) starts in 1918 with the Japanese formation of a special section of the Army (Unit 731) dedicated to BW. The thought at the time was "Science and Technology are the Key's to Winning War and BW is the most cost effective."
1918-1919 Flu pandemic that killed over 20 million worldwide and over 500,000 here in the US.
1920's Unlike the malignant twists of nature, ranging from bubonic plague through to potato blight, which have killed masses throughout the ages, both the beef and pituitary hormone CJD crises were manmade. Scrapie, the sheep equivalent of BSE and CJD, has been around for more than two centuries. Somewhat differently, human spongiform encephalopathy was unheard of before two German physicians, Creutzfeldt and Jakob, independently reported the initial cases in the 1920s. BSE, too, was unheard of until a decade after cattle (aka Mad Cow) began to be fed the protein-rich remains of scrapie-infected sheep to accelerate their growth.
1929 The Soviet Union established gun control. From 1929 to 1953, approximately 20 million dissidents, unable to defend themselves, were rounded up and exterminated.
1930's Less known to the public is that fluoride also accumulates in bones. "The teeth are windows to what's happening in the bones," explained Paul Connett, Professor of Chemistry at St Lawrence University, New York, to these reporters. In recent years, pediatric bone specialists have expressed alarm about an increase in stress fractures among young people in the US. Connett and other scientists are concerned that fluoride-linked to bone damage in studies since the 1930s-may be a contributing factor. www.nexusmagazine.com...
1931 Japan expanded its territory by taking over part of Manchuria and Unit 731 moved in to secure "an endless supply of human experiment materials." Essentially all prisoners of war were available for Biological Warfare (BW) experiments. Japanese WWII Veteran Admits Unit 731 Germ Tests
1931 Dr. Cornelius Rhoads, under the auspices of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Investigations, infects human subjects with cancer cells. He later goes on to establish the U.S. Army Biological Warfare facilities in Maryland, Utah, and Panama, and is named to the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. While there, he begins a series of radiation exposure experiments on American soldiers and civilian hospital patients. www.sightings.com...
1932 The Infamous Tuskegee Study
In recent history, we have seen the influence of occult population control advocates here in America. Nowhere is that influence better demonstrated than in the Tuskegee Study, a scientific research program in which 400 syphilis-infected black men were recruited by the U.S. Public Health Service back in 1932. The participants were all told that they would be treated for their infections, but instead of treating their illness, all medicines were withheld. The black men were then actively prevented from obtaining treatment elsewhere as their bodies, and the bodies of their wives and children, were systematically ravaged by disease. The evil men who conceived that Nazi-style study justified their atrocity by alleging that scientists needed to learn how untreated syphilis progressed in the human body. For a period of forty years, between 1932 and 1972, the genocidal Tuskegee Study continued. It was not until 1972, when one newspaper finally had the courage to break the story to the public, that the Tuskegee Study was finally terminated. The Population Control Agenda
1934 The original lesson about the infectious nature of these brain diseases mad cow disease" or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in humans) came from a 1934 vaccine catastrophe in the UK which brought scrapie, or "mad sheep disease", to almost 5,000 out of 18,000 lambs within two years of their immunization against louping-ill virus infection. Tracing back, scientists discovered that the vaccine serum was prepared from a number of lambs whose dams had subsequently developed scrapie, but the significance of scrapie passing vertically from ewes to their lambs, and horizontally from lamb to lamb by virtue of the vaccine injections, was kept from international eyes by a series of egotistical carry-ons which prevented the data from reaching the pages of the scientific literature for a further 15 years.
1935 The Pellagra Incident. After millions of individuals die from Pellagra over a span of two decades, the U.S. Public Health Service finally acts to stem the disease. The director of the agency admits it had known for at least 20 years that Pellagra is caused by a niacin deficiency but failed to act since most of the deaths occurred within poverty-stricken black populations. www.sightings.com...
1935 China established gun control. From 1948 to 1952, 20 million political dissidents, unable to defend themselves, were rounded up and exterminated.
1938 Germany established gun control in 1938 and from 1939 to 1945, 6 to 7 million Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, the mentally ill, and 12 million Christians who were unable to defend themselves, were rounded up and exterminated.
1939 Margaret Sanger organized her "Negro project," a program designed to eliminate members of what she believed to be an "inferior race." Margaret Sanger justified her proposal because she believed that: "The masses of Negroes ...particularly in the South, still breed carelessly and disastrously, with the result that the increase among Negroes, even more than among whites, is from that portion of the population least intelligent and fit..." The Population Control Agenda
1940 Four hundred prisoners in Chicago are infected with Malaria in order to study the effects of new and experimental drugs to combat the disease. Nazi doctors later on trial at Nuremberg cite this American study to defend their own actions during the Holocaust. www.sightings.com...
1941 Japanese planes sprayed bubonic plague over parts of China. At least 5 separate instances of this occurring have been documented. In 1942 "bacterial bombs" were deployed on mainland China but these attacks were determined to be ineffective.
1942 The United States (US) becomes aware of the Japanese efforts in Biological Warfare (BW) and decided to start its own program. These acts were not the only atrocities committed, however. The Japanese released thousands of plague infested rats prior to their surrender, with unknown consequences. They also tested on American POW's during the war and the U.S. Government apparently knew about it, but did nothing (perhaps a worse atrocity). These people killed over 3000 POWs, including many Americans, in a variety of grisly experiments. What they did instead was to offer immunity to would-be war criminals in exchange for the information the Japanese learned from these experiments!