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Presidents Wilson, Roosevelt, Truman, Johnson, Nixon, and Reagan, as well as the State Governors of Indiana, Nevada, and Arizona also enacted either national or statewide changes in how daylight sayings time is observed.
National laws regarding DST were enacted, repealed, or modified in 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1942, 1945, 1966, 1972, 1986, and 2005.
Saving daylight was first mentioned in 1784 by Benjamin Franklin in a satirical essay urging Parisians to get up earlier in order to use sunlight
DST was first seriously proposed in 1907 by William Willett, but he was unable to get the British government to adopt it, despite considerable lobbying.
DST was first put into practice by a national government in Germany during the First World War, between April 30, 1916 and October 1, 1916. Shortly afterward, the United Kingdom followed suit, first adopting it between May 21 and October 1, 1916. On June 17, 1917, Newfoundland became the first North American jurisdiction to adopt DST with the passing of the Daylight Saving Act of 1917. On March 19, 1918, the US Congress formally established several time zones, which had been in use by railroads and most cities since 1883; at the same time it established DST from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October. The law, however, proved so unpopular, mostly because it obliged people to rise and go to bed earlier than had become customary since the advent of electricity, that it was repealed after 1919, when Congress overrode President Woodrow Wilson's veto of the repeal.
Kingdom and Ireland experimented with year-round DST from 1968 to 1971 but abandoned it due to its unpopularity, particularly i
Fatal accidents following changes in daylight savings time: the American experience
Jason VarugheseCorresponding Author Contact Information, a and Richard P. Allenb
DST also has had many detractors—from farmers to parents of schoolchildren—who have waged contentious battles against it.
The Annual Madness of Daylight Saving Time
To this day, no one can say for sure why we are required by law to change our clocks twice a year. Who first proposed the scheme?
Downing unravels the worldwide confusion occasioned by decades of clock manipulation. He sifts through a century of congressional hearings and contemporary newspaper reporting to offer a portrait of public policy in the twentieth century, a perennially boiling stew of unsubstantiated science, profiteering masked as piety, and mysteriously shifting time-zone boundaries. It is a true-to-life social comedy with Congress in the leading role, surrounded by a supporting cast of opportunistic ministers, movie moguls, stockbrokers, labor leaders, educators, sports fanatics, and farmers. This dizzyingly hilarious debate seems destined to continue for as long as we ask one another, “What time is it?”
Farmers and others whose hours are set by the sun are adversely affected by DST. For example, farmers may miss non-work evening activities due to scheduling conflicts. Many people alter their nominal work schedules (in effect ignoring DST) to coordinate with daylight,
DST is commonly not observed during winter, because it suffers more from darker mornings: workers may have no sunlit leisure time, and children may need to leave for school in the dark.
Critics argue that the energy savings of DST are overstated, and that DST can sometimes increase energy consumption and peak demand. A 2007 study by the University of California Energy Institute concluded that the Australian experiment with DST during the 2000 Olympics did not decrease overall electricity consumption, but did change usage patterns leading to a higher morning peak load.
DST makes it harder to read a sundial, since one must compensate for DST in addition to time zone and natural discrepancies.
Critics also suggest that DST is, at its heart, government paternalism. They "detect the bony, blue-fingered hand of Puritanism, eager to push people into bed earlier, and get them up earlier, to make them healthy, wealthy and wise in spite of themselves."
Complications from DST shifts
DST's clock changes have the obvious disadvantage of complexity. People must remember to change their clocks, and to update software when DST rules change. Some computer systems may require downtime or restarting. People who work across time zone boundaries need to keep track of multiple DST rules. Not all locations observe DST. The length of the day becomes variable. Disruption to meetings, travel, or broadcasts is not uncommon when clocks or rules change.
Changing the clocks disrupts sleep patterns. This correlates with decreased economic efficiency. Researchers estimated in 2000 that the daylight saving effect implies a one day loss of $31 billion on the NYSE, AMEX, and NASDAQ alone. Sleep disruption also correlates with a significant increase in fatal accidents the Monday after a Sunday shift, with
2007 Time Zone Changes Will Impact Many Computers in Canada, the United States and Bermuda
throw off our sense of time twice a year.
And the energizer bunny to get us to buy more batteries twice a year (did you change your smoke detector battery?
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, FREEMASON. SHORT TALK BULLETIN - Vol. ... and that daylight saving time adds to leisure, and that wit and humor win more causes than ...
Originally posted by clearmind
it is the attempt to remove us from a time pattern connected to nature and the sun...there is an article about this...didn't save it..damn
question...why would we want to break from a nature..sun..moon ect based time?...other than the fact that each has a pattern that changes over time...i'm not sure either.......of course, i beleive that it is not for our own good......
Originally posted by seenitall
IMO daylight savings rocks. Always good to hang out with your mates and have a beer without the sun going down early. For me, daylight savings makes summer.
Conspiracy? Hardly. You're looking way too hard.