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IoB devices come in many forms. Some are already in wide use, such as wristwatch fitness monitors or pacemakers that transmit data about a patient’s heart directly to a cardiologist. Other products that are under development or newly on the market may be less familiar, such as ingestible prod- ucts that collect and send information on a person’s gut, microchip implants, brain stimulation devices, and internet-connected toilets.
"These devices have intimate access to the body and collect vast quantities of personal biometric data. IoB device makers promise to deliver substantial health and other benefits but also pose serious risks, including risks of hacking, privacy infringements, or malfunction... Access to huge torrents of live-streaming biometric data might trigger breakthroughs in medical knowledge or behavioral understanding. It might increase health outcome disparities, where only people with financial means have access to any of these benefits. Or it might enable a surveillance state of unprecedented intrusion and consequence. There is no universally accepted definition of the IoB"
"An IoB device is defined as a device that - contains software or computing capabilities - can communicate with an internet-connected device or network, and satisfies one or both of the following: - collects person-generated health or biometric data - can alter the human body’s function."
"The software or computing capabilities in an IoB device may be as simple as a few lines of code used to configure a radio frequency identifica- tion (RFID) microchip implant, or as complex as a computer that processes artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning algorithms. A connection to the internet through cellular or Wi-Fi networks is required but need not be a direct connection. For example, a device may be connected via Bluetooth to a smartphone or USB device that communicates with an internet-connected computer."