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Cooping was a form of electoral fraud in the United States cited in relation to the death of Edgar Allan Poe in October 1849, by which citizens were kidnapped off the street and forced to vote, often several times over, for an election candidate. According to several of Poe's biographers, so-called 'cooping gangs' or 'election gangs' working for a political candidate would hold random victims in a room (the "coop") and ply them with alcohol to get them to comply or face beatings. Often their clothing would be changed to fool voting officials and vote multiple times, or they would be given disguises such as wigs, fake beards, or mustaches.
originally posted by: DISRAELI
a reply to: halfoldman
A simpler approach, used in England when the electoral rolls were small, would have been to feed drinks to known opposition voters and keep them too drunk to go out and vote at all.