I hope that people get the point here because this article identifies significant recent history in Europe and helps to elucidate why we needed
Brexit, and perhaps a no-deal Brexit too .
In the EU there are 3 separate bodies with different roles - the parliament, the council, and the commission .
The European Council simply consists of the heads of the 27 member states . It exists primarily to ratify the power given to EU bodies, not least the
President of the European Commission .
The European Parliament's authority exists only to ratify the laws given by the European Commission through voting .
The European Commission is where all the power of the EU is , and that power is also concentrated fully into the hands of the President Junker and
through him , the European People's Party.
The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union. The President of the
Commission leads a cabinet of Commissioners .
The President is empowered to allocate portfolios amongst, reshuffle or dismiss Commissioners as necessary. The college directs the Commission's civil
service, sets the policy agenda and determines the legislative proposals it produces (the Commission is the only body that can propose EU laws)
The President of the Commission also represents the EU abroad
As of 2018, the current President is Jean-Claude Juncker, who took office on 1 November 2014. He is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and
is the former Prime Minister of Luxembourg
For the first time, prior to the 2014 election presidential candidates were nominated by European political parties.
The Spitzenkandidat (German for "Lead Candidate") process is the method of linking European Parliament elections by having each major political group
in Parliament nominating their candidate for Commission President prior to the Parliamentary elections. The Spitzenkandidat of the largest party
would then have a mandate to assume the Commission Presidency.This process was first run in 2014 and its legitimacy was contested by the
According to the treaties, the President of the European Commission is nominated by the European Council. Until 2004, this nominationwas based
on an informal consensus for a common candidate.But in 2004 the centre-right European People's Party rejected the consensus approach ahead of the
European Council meeting and pushed through their own candidate, Barroso. The approach of national governments was to appoint the various
high-profile jobs in EU institutions (European Council President, High Representative and so on) dividing them according along geographic, political
and gender lines. This also led to fairly low-profile figures in some cases, for it avoided candidates who had either made enemies of some national
governments or who were seen as potentially challenging the Council or certain member states.
Article 17.7 Unease had built up around the way the secretive, power play that was involved in these appointments leading to a desire for a more democratic
process. At the end of 2009, the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force. It amended the appointment of the Commission President in the Treaty on
European Union Article 17.7 to add the wording "taking into account the elections to the European Parliament", so that Article 17.7 now included the
"Taking into account the elections to the European Parliament and after having held the appropriate consultations, the European Council, acting by a
qualified majority, shall propose to the European Parliament a candidate for President of the Commission."
Or in other words adding to the treaty the words , " allowing the influence of EU party politics" over the European Council's (The 27 heads of
The European People's Party won a plurality in the 2014 elections, andJean-Claude Juncker, its lead candidate, was appointed as president by
the European Council.British Prime Minister David Cameron and Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán were the only members of the council to object
to his selection.
Here is why we have Brexit
Some commentators argued that this amendment did not entitle the political parties of the Parliament to nominate candidates for the president of the
Commission, and that such an interpretation would amount to a "power grab" at the expense of the European Council. The Council found itself
taken off guard by how the process took off, and had backed themselves into a corner in having to approve the Parliament's candidate. Following the
appointment, leaders vowed to review the process.
What this means is that the / any / all sovereign power of Great Britain in the European Council had been usurped via umbrella group pressure (EPP)
by the end of 2014 . By 2016 Cameron had arranged the British means for exit from the EU system of governance.
Duties and powers The President of the European Commission is the most powerful position in the European Union, controlling the Commission which collectively has
the right of initiative on Union legislation ( on matters delegated to it by member states for collective action, as determined by the treaties) and
is responsible for ensuring its enforcement. The President controls the policy agenda of the Commission for his term and in practice no policy can
be proposed without the President's agreement.
The role of the President is to lead the Commission, and give direction to the Commission and the Union as a whole. The treaties state that "the
Commission shall work under the political guidance of its President" (Article 219 TEC), this is conducted through his calling and chairing of meetings
of the college of Commissioners, his personal cabinet and the meetings of the heads of each commissioner's cabinet (the Hebdo). The president may
also force a Commissioner to resign. The work of the Commission as a body is based on the principle of Cabinet collective responsibility, however in
his powers he acts as more than a first among equals. The role of the President is similar to that of a national Prime Minister chairing a
The President also has responsibility for representing the Commission in the Union and beyond. For example, he is a member of the European Council and
takes part in debates in Parliament and the Council of Ministers.Outside the Union he attends the meetings of the G8 to represent the Union.
In foreign affairs, he does have to compete with several Commissioners with foreign affairs related portfolios: the High Representative for the Common
Foreign and Security Policy and the President of the European Council ,however European People's Party memberships distributed across the various
roles and in the Council ensure the solidification of EU policy around their nominated president , the spitzenkandidat.
It can be said that when we look across at Europe from Britain now , we're looking at one man and one party : Jean Claude Junker and the EPP
This man :
edit on 6-1-2019 by DoctorBluechip because: (no reason given)
edit on 6-1-2019 by DoctorBluechip because: (no reason
edit on 6-1-2019 by DoctorBluechip because: (no reason given)
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