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...AnBot—a black and white, 149 centimeters (59 in) tall, 78-kilogram (172-pound) security robot that looks like a more efficient R2D2, and a less threatening Dalek—is now patrolling a railway station in China.
...the machine can aid commuters in the station, respond to questions, scan, as well as identify faces, and if deemed necessary, pass these images on to security. The machine’s sensors also allow it to keep track of air quality and changes in temperature. At night, the AnBot can reliably guard the station and alert authorities to possible emergencies, like fires, and recharge itself autonomously.
...This development begs the question: will the progression of robots in public spaces make us safer, or just take existing jobs?
Interview: China’s basic income movement
...What is different between Universal Basic Income and China’s Minimum Livelihood Guarantee (Dibao)？
Dibao is China’s Minimum Livelihood Guarantee program. Anyone with an income below the minimum can receive a supplementary income up to the standard. In this way, Dibao is unconditional: no one can take away someone’s right to the Dibao income. The Dibao only provides a grant to those that are below the Dibao income standard. Thus, the government must conduct strict evaluations of recipients’ economic situations, which creates a lot of implementation problems and issues of abuse. By contrast, Universal Basic Income provides the grant to every person, regardless of income. Moreover, China’s Dibao benefit has a large discrepancy across different regions, consistent with the regional economic inequality that China already faces. Here is more information for reference: China’s MCA.
China’s minimum income guarantee you’ve never heard of
...Back in the 1990s, China started experimenting with a minimum income guarantee that topped off incomes to a minimum level set by local governments. China called the program dibao, meaning minimum livelihood guarantee, expanding the program nationwide in 2007.
...A report by the World Bank found that for every 10 RMB spent on the dibao, only 1 to 2.4 RMB reached individuals in poverty (cited by the Economist). The World Bank also found the dibao program only lowered the poverty gap by 6.5 percent.
Corruption and inability to determine households’ poverty status have plagued the program. According to Lu Yang in the Indian Journal of Labour Economics, based on 2010 survey data only 21 percent of poor households were able to receive the dibao, while more than half of dibao recipients were above the poverty line.
originally posted by: paraphi
But can it go up the stairs?
This is more an information point on wheels, rather than "robocop".
China Debuts Anbot, The Police Robot
...NDU promises that in addition to standard police patrolling, the Anbot can undertake riot control, by remotely firing its electroshock weapons (or by running over unruly protesters).
...Anbot has several features to take robotic law enforcement up a notch. ...
...Anbot's most controversial feature is naturally the onboard "electrically charged riot control tool" (likely a Taser or extendable cattle prod). ...The Anbot's large size means that it has room to mount other law enforcement gear, like tear gas canisters and other less lethal weaponry.
...billed as the "first intelligent security robot," Anbot will not be a replacement for human police anytime soon. In addition to the obvious need for human policemen to chase after any criminals able to walk up stairs, Anbot's limitations also include human social and emotional intelligence, apprehending suspects (as opposed to knocking them down), and like all robotic platforms, vulnerability to cyber intrusions. However, with its need for minimal human supervision, autonomous response, ability to find persons of interest and collect audiovisual information, and its electrical weaponry, Anbot will be a potential force multiplier for any interested police departments, and as People's Daily cites, will "play an important role in enhancing the country's anti-terrorism and anti-riot measures."
Abbott... can interact with the public, respond on scene to crimes, and has weapons to knock out human troublemakers.
...“If you ask me to describe the development of China’s robotics industry in one word, I’d choose ‘explosion’,” said Zhao Jie, a professor of mechanical engineering at the Harbin Institute of Technology in the northeastern Heilongjiang province.
According to him, investment and talent are rushing into the industry, with the involvement of giants as well as startups. In line with the trend, the Harbin Institute of Technology’s startup HIT Robot Group launched in 2014, in partnership with the provincial government.
The top-notch university has done years of cutting-edge research into robots. It is the maker of China’s first space robots and lunar vehicle. One of its priorities now is to develop service robots for professional use, such as defense robots.
Some of its anti-terrorism robots, which can sniff out bombs, climb slopes, monitor environment and operate guns, have been exported to countries in the southern hemisphere already, an employee at HIT Robot said.