a reply to: Battlefresh
There are a number of depictions of ancient Egyptian craftsman from paintings on tomb walls:
Limestone relief depicting two sculptors at work on a statue, from the mastaba (tomb) of
, 5th Dynasty funerary priest at the
pyramid of Nyuserre Ini at Abusir.
Painting of 172 workers pulling a 20+ meter statue on a sled, with a person at the front of the sled pouring what appears to be water in front of the
sled, presumably to reduce friction. It's from the tomb of Dhehutihotep
, a nomarch (feudal lord
basically) during the reigns of reigns of Amenemhat II, Senusret II and Senusret III (12th Dynasty):
Here are some carpenters, metal workers and brick makers from the tomb of Rekhmire
, a Vizier during
the reigns of Thutmosis III and Amenhotep II (18th Dynasty) :
Another painting from the same tomb depicting sculptors:
These depictions span a period of about 1000 years from about a century after the building of the Great Pyramid to a couple centuries after the last
royal pyramids were constructed.
More importantly, the quarry from which the stone for the Great Pyramid (aka Pyramid of Khufu/Pyramid of Cheops) was quarried, is on the Giza plateau,
300 meters or so south of the pyramid which can be seen in the photo:
The squares you're seeing are basically the stumps from which the blocks were cut.
It's also important to note a few things:
- Pyramid building evolved. The first of the cut stone pyramids known is the Pyramid of Djoser. Prior to the pyramids, rulers were buried in
rectangular mastabas made of mud-brick or stone with slopping walls. There were 2 and 3 level mastabas that were basically proto-pyramids (arguably, a
3 level mastaba is
a step pyramid). The Pyramid of Djoser is essentially the same thing only they started with a square and built 6 levels.
Like later pyramids, it was granite in the chambers, meh limestone blocks for the core and polished white limestone clad.
- That brings me to my next point; while granite was used for the internal chambers and hallways, the bulk of the pyramids were made of limestone.
Despite what Tsoukalos, Childress, Coppens, etc contend, the core of the pyramids didn't have to be all that precise. Spaces between blocks and the
blocks themselves were caked in gypsum mortar.
Also I wanted to add that the idea that the blocks of the pyramids were poured isn't new. It was first hypothesized in the late 70's by material
scientist Joseph Davidovits. The idea being basically that the blocks were a type of limestone cement. There's been some published research in support
of this hypothesis but the evidence offered has also been refuted by petrologists.
Anyway, you can read about it at the Geopolymer
if you'd like. However, the preponderance of evidence convincingly discounts Davidovits' hypothesis which I might add doesn't include
the granite (only the limestone).
edit on 2015-10-26 by theantediluvian because: (no reason given)