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In the dream experience the dreamer moves about and acts independently of his stationary body and this may underlie the notion of separate mode of being, as "spirit" as in evanescent manifestation that would arise and pass on like the wind.
One word for it was lil2, and was sig3-sig3, which denoted the god of dreams. Both words mean "wind." The lil2 can be that of a living person or one dead, of one awake or one asleep
Winds and dreams seem at one time to have been considered the same thing for the name of the god of dreams Sisig means "the winds" or "the ever blowing one."
Utu, the great lord of Arali, After he turns the dark place into light he will judge your case.
Let the child of the sun-god Utu, *light up for him the netherworld, the place of darkness!
Let him set up a threshold there as bright as the moon for all mankind whatever their names be.
For those whose statues were fashioned in days of yore, for the heroes, the young men, and the women!
From there the strong and mighty will march out.
Without him no light would be there during the month Ne-Izi-gar, during the festival of the ghosts
(Ne-Izi-gar a time when the spirits of the dead followed a special passage of light leading from the darkness of the netherworld back into the world of the living for a brief stay. The setting of fire and lighting of torches by each household would guide the spirits of the dead back to the ancestral home, where a ceremonial meal, presumably the offering, awaited.)
The youths and the strong men, on seeing the lunar crescent, without him they should not make light!
Sisig the son of Utu makes light in the dark places, Sisig, the father of mankind,....
The term eţemmu was closely associated with a person's physical remains. In some contexts, it is spoken of as if it were identical with the corpse, as when eţemmus are "sleeping" in their graves or lying about unburied.
In addition to having an eţemmu, a living being was possessed not only of what we might refer to as his "life force" (his "breath," or napiš-tu) but also of another windlike emanation, namely the zāqīqu (or zīqīqu).
This spirit was imagined as a sexless (and probably birdlike) phantom able to flit about or slip through small apertures, and as such, it became associated with dreaming, because it could safely depart the body when one was asleep.
When zaqīqu is used with amīlaru "mankind", or nišū "people", it appears to mean "human soul" "the zaqīqu(s) of all mankind report to you, Shamash."
"She having imposed sweet sleep in the homes, while all the lands, the dark headed ones, the people in their entirety, sleep on the roofs, sleep on city walls, eloquent lil2's step up to her, bring her their cases. Then she recognizes the righteous one, recognizes the wicked one."
As was the case with Apollo in Greece all dreams and prophecy were considered to originate in the Underworld, the axis from absolute darkness to brilliant light, in seeing the light of day those dreams are no more except that the rising Sun could be seen as an continuation of them, that the light is restored and regenerated in the darkness.
Utu in the Netherworld is the pending future each night, and the emerging future each morning, emerging at the place of sun rise where the great gods ratify fates. Dreams are like phantoms or ghosts Steinkeller says, as all dream gods have been equated with lil2 in the lexical texts - but perhaps phantoms and ghosts are the wrong word since lil2 is like no conception we currently conceive of. Each Mesopotamian had a lil2, an invisible agent sometimes called a "dream soul" - Assyrian texts indicate that lil2 resided in the body itself (as kings would grind up the bodies/bones of enemies destroying all but the lil2 form). I wonder if it was by this agent, the lil2, that Sisig is said to impart dreams, and to send collect information for Utu. Or better, if such gods are not the deified representatives of the phenomenon of the lil2 souls that every man possessed. This would in effect make the lil2 Mesopotamian man's permanent connection to the future, his tethering to the wheel of fate, as it were. What lil2 spirits and Utu have in common I believe, is that they are both transferring agents, and what is being transferred is future (or knowledge thereof). Even when the knowledge of a man's inner nature is transferred back to Utu, this seems to be in effect committing the man all the more to his fate, as Utu is also a transporter of the dead to their ultimate abode (they exit through the gate of sunset), and it is perhaps with that information of his inner nature that his soul will be judged.
I think lil2 is just pronounced lil, it's a variant sign according to context, lil in general relates to wind/spirit as in En-lil and Lil-ith.
Dreams are real while they last, can more be said of life.
originally posted by: Rosinitiate
Sometimes I wake up from a dream other times I awake from an experience. It's the experiences that leave me in wonder. As far as experiences go, those from the dreaming world have little distinction from an awareness level, than any other experience.