Ok guys here goes another one.
Linux is an open source Unix clone operating system. Today what that means is that the code is freely available and anyone can look at it. It is
developed by both commercial and free(mostly) developers. Because the source code is so readily available, programming is easy to do in Linux than in
Windows or another operating system. The biggest advantage Linux has is free and open source. - There are plenty of sites that tell Linux's history so
I won't go into it. Google.
Can Linux do what Windows does?
Yes yes it can. Linux can go to any website Windows can. Linux has many clone applications of Windows ones. There is even a program called Wine that
can run Windows programs in Linux. Not every program works, or works properly, but many do. You will use Mozilla Firefox in Linux - which you have in
Windows to. I used to play Counter-Strike source in Linux under Wine. I also got Medal of Honor to work.
X Windows or Xorg
X Windows is the windowing environment for Linux. It manages, well Windows. You will need to select a Desktop environment/Windows Manager. You will
select which one via the download or the install process. Two of the most popular ones are Gnome and KDE. These handle drawing window borders,
buttons, fonts, and start bar clones. I prefer KDE as I feel it looks better. Which ever you use is simply a matter of opinion none is better than the
other. For slow systems look at XFCE or Blackbox for a Windows Manger/Desktop Environment. If you where to imagine the WM/Desktop Environment in
windows it would be that start bar/task bar and window borders(minimize, close, etc), buttons, fonts, etc.
Best uses for Linux
1. You want to learn Unix type environment.
2. File Recovery - I absolutely love Linux for recovering files, even off failing drives. DD is my friend I love DD. - I usually carry a Linux boot CD
to do this type of onsite work.
3. SMB Shares - Linux can share files to Windows PC's in a small business and costs nothing compared to Windows Server. For as little as $500 dollars
I can setup a nice server for a business.
4. Programming. Linux is a great place to learn to program, because there is so much code already available. Especially kernel coding.
5. Recovering broken raid 5. I've used Linux to restore broken NAS raid 5 setup's.
While I use Linux a lot, it is certainly not my desktop. To me Microsoft Windows is the most productive environment. I love the C# programming
language, invented by Microsoft. Again I mostly use Linux for file recovery, which it is incredible at. Don't let this discourage you from using Linux
though. I ran it as my desktop for over 5 years, and the truth be told I would never have gotten good at it, if I hadn't done that. Today I feel that
the right tool for the job needs to be selected, otherwise it can cost you a lot of time. For me that tool happens to be Windows, but as you can see I
use Linux heavily for file recovery.
If I didn't have Windows licenses all over I would probably use Linux for more of my older PC's, because it's free and does everything Windows does,
Hope this helps someone for their future Linux install. - More Linux tutorials to come.
The next couple of tutorials are just foundation. Then we will delve into Virtualbox and then we will tackle getting Windows+Linux to play nice.
Edit: Forgot to give my recommendation on Linux. For starters try Ubuntu for most computers it just works. Once you get more advanced I recommend
Gentoo. Its my favorite of all of them. Gentoo is more advanced though. My second choice would be Fedora, but Fedora isn't quite as good at working
out the box like Ubuntu. Gentoo requires a lot of knowledge about your hardware so don't try it until your advanced.
edit on 02015b2015 by
lobograndemalo because: (no reason given)