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Uganda is grappling to contain the deadly Marburg hemorrhagic fever after confirmatory laboratory tests turned positive.
The outbreak of the viral hemorrhagic fever which was announced here on Sunday by Elioda Tumwesigye, the minister of state for health, has left one person, the index case dead, one person in isolation and over 80 others being monitored both in central and western Uganda.
According to the WHO, Marburg is a severe and highly fatal disease caused by a virus from the same family as the one that causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever.
Case fatality rates have varied greatly, from 25 percent in the initial laboratory-associated outbreak in 1967, to more than 80 percent in the Democratic Republic of Congo from 1998-2000, to even high
Marburg hemorrhagic fever, like Ebola, is an acute infectious viral disease because it belongs to the same family.
The disease which is believed to be spread by monkeys and bats is transmitted through direct contact with blood, secretions, and other body fluids of infected persons or animals. Armed with the results, the National Taskforce kicked up its public awareness campaign urging the public to report any suspected cases. Isolation units at major hospitals across the country were readied for the worst.
When a few days later the country celebrated its Independence Day anniversary on Oct.9, President Yoweri Museveni said he would not be shaking hands with any of the visiting dignitaries because of Marburg. That weekend, clerics in mosques, churches, and temples across the country cancelled the handshaking rituals and cautioned their followers to be on the lookout for Marburg.
originally posted by: soficrow
a reply to: crazyewok
Yes. But Marburg, like Ebola, is a member of the Filoviridae family of viruses.
The Soviet Union had an extensive offensive and defensive biological weapons program that included MARV. At least three Soviet research institutes had MARV research programs during offensive times: the Virology Center of the Scientific-Research Institute for Microbiology in Zagorsk (today Sergiev Posad), the Scientific-Production Association "Vektor" (today the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology "Vektor") in Koltsovo, and the Irkutsk Scientific-Research Anti-Plague Institute of Siberia and the Far East in Irkutsk. As most performed research was highly classified, it remains unclear how successful the MARV program was. However, Soviet defector Ken Alibek claimed that a weapon filled with MARV was tested at the Stepnogorsk Scientific Experimental and Production Base in Stepnogorsk, Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic (today Kazakhstan), suggesting that the development of a MARV biological weapon had reached advanced stages. Independent confirmation for this claim is lacking. At least one laboratory accident with MARV, resulting in the death of Koltsovo researcher Nikolai Ustinov, occurred during offensive times in the Soviet Union and was first described in detail by Alibek. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, MARV research continued in all three institutes.
What exactly makes this one worse then Zaire? From what I'm seeing they have the same result just cousins in the virus world? Am I right?
The genera Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus were originally classified as the species of the now-obsolete Filovirus genus. In March, 1998, the Vertebrate Virus Subcommittee proposed in the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) to change the Filovirus genus to the Filoviridae family with two specific genera: Ebola-like viruses and Marburg-like viruses.
originally posted by: intrptr
This is not an "outbreak" if its just one or two cases. Thats called a micro break.
The current outbreak in West Africa is Ebola Zaire. Anyone care to elaborate on this sudden appearance of Ebola Marburg?
I think it's unlikely though… besides it's really in the same family as Ebola..
originally posted by: marg6043
a reply to: intrptr
Exactly!!!!!!!!!!!!! very similar but separated, kind of make you wonder also if marlburg is the original virus and ebola just the one that gets to be more easily spread.