I want to shed some light on the question of how far can bright objects been seen from the ground.
I've been speedreading to get caught up, and I haven't seen this directly addressed, in fact I've seen people assert that we can only see 100 miles
away (bright, traveling object).
Consider this Ground track of the
The dotted part of the ground track is where it is not visible to the observer's location (in this case, I used Three Forks, Montana. Just because.)
The solid line depicts where the ISS IS visible to the observer on the ground, and at what times it is visible.
What does this have to do with the alleged failed rocket? Just this: If you look at this ground track, you will see that the ISS is visible --
little ol' space station, with sunlight reflecting off it, for more than 1000 miles.
Here is another: Ground Track of ISS -18
DEC 09 , 07:33 from Three Forks
You can see by that ground track, that the ISS is visible to an observer in Montana, when the ISS IS OVER THE GREAT LAKES!!
I know that these trackings and notations are accurate, as I am an avid satellite/ISS watcher. At exactly the time where it indicates I'll be able
to see it, there it is. These ground tracks are from www.heavens-above.com, and are very detailed and accurate.
Thus, the rocket could've been seen easily from Norway or even further west from the launch area. I've seen this same map with drawings added to
it, and the person is trying to demonstrate that the rocket would've had to have gone west to go over Norway. Well, that's true, but it would NOT
have had to gone west NOR gone over Norway to have been visible from there.
Just thought this might help us realize distances and observation. Please note that the ISS is likely several magnitudes dimmer than this event we
are all talking about.