Part 3 of a 3 Part Series. Read Parts 1 and 2 before reading this.
The Epic of King Gesar Revisited
“The Epic of King Gesar” is said to be the longest work of literature in the world, containing more than 20 Million words (which would easily fill
120 big volumes). It is one of the major bodies of ancient literature of Central Asia. Poems, Songs, Ballads, Operas, Theater Plays have been based on
it. There is Debate whether its of Chinese, Tibetan or Mongolian origin – that’s no surprise considering it predates these country borders. There
is also Debate on whether the legendary King Gesar is real or not as the epic, once again, contains passages that appear “realistic” and those
that appear “mythological”.
The epic is of special interest to us because it illustrates versions of pre-history that have little to do with the stone-age hunter-gatherer nomads
of our schools history books but with interplanetary travel, spaceships, skyscrapers, advanced weapons systems, wars between worlds, sky flight,
machinery and other ingredients we would expect from modern day science-fiction rather than texts that have been estimated to be at least 1000 years
old but based on oral traditions much older. The “old days” the book refers to are much older still.
The very first chapter of the official English translation of the Epic, also called “The First Branch” details the times before Gesars birth (in
my opinion Gesar could very well be the root of the Russian Tsar and the Latin Cesar). It tells of a time when the “Tenger” waged war amongst each
other. The correct translation of “Tenger” or “Tengri” as we have already seen, is “Sky Gods” or “Sky Lords”. I took the following
excerpts verbatim from a mainstream Mongolian translation of the first chapter, adding my own comments in between. Please note that the first chapter
alone is much longer and more detailed than the quotes denote.
The opening begins of a long description of what life was like in the old days, also showing that there was a time when the Sky Gods were not absorbed
When the many gods of the heaven did not compete with each other, When the many tenger of the skies did not quarrel with each other;
The following verse states in no uncertain terms the origin of the Sky Gods:
When fifty-five tenger were born from the Milky Way
The theme of the “Tenger” coming from the Milky Way continues throughout the epic.
Han Hormasta Tenger’s white oldest son, Master of the peak of a high jutting mountain, With the power of the tornado, With a horse brown as a
hawk, He who poisons the poisonous and has revenge on evil, Who sees good and stops evil, Was Zasa Mergen Baatar.
Some of the Sky Gods were associated with flying bulls, flying horses and hawks which were often described as thundering, whirling like tornados and
generally making a lot of commotion when they appeared. As we will later see, those passing on the oral traditions did not actually see “flying
horses” but were looking for words equivalent to their language to describe something they had no vocabulary for.
The middle red daughter,
Who steals the love of those who are in love,
Who takes away the thoughts of those thinking of their beloved,
Who flies in the still high skies,
She who is said to be the most beautiful in our world,
Was the maiden Duran Goohon.
The very greatest warrior of Han Hormasta,
With a strong and stiff bow and hot and swift arrows,
With a strong back and a powerful broad chest,
Traveling between heaven and earth
On his camel-colored pacer horse,
The eldest son of Booluur Sagaan Tenger,
Buidan Ulaan Baatar.
The epic goes on to list and describe several Gods in more than a dozen paragraphs. I only added these two to exemplify that they are said to “fly
high in the skies” and “travel between heaven and earth”.
He who could swoop down and hit his target, He riding a blue steed and shooting arrows as white as the stars, Was the white oldest son of Oyodol
Sagaan Tenger-- Erjen Shuumar Baatar.
Various Gods and their aircraft are frequently described as “hitting targets”. The “arrows” shot are always conveyed as looking like lightning
or white stars. It is therefore not too much of a stretch to see laser weapons rather than wooden arrow sticks.
Who shows resentment and jealousy in the high silver heavens,
Some western Scholars, under the bias of western religious associations, try to identify the Gods of the Gesar Epic as “Divine Beings”. But these
Gods display very human traits as sampled in this verse on a Gods jealousy.
Having done this he stepped quickly over the silver threshold, Like a mare going to her foal he did not stumble, He stepped over the silver
threshold with grace, Like a mare going after her colt, He opened the pearly door beautifully.
Throughout the entire epic the “heavenly abodes” or places the Gods visit up in the sky are universally referred to with words such as silver and
shining. This may indicate the use of metals for building, infrastructure and spacecraft – the hallmark of any sufficiently evolved civilization.
The several gods of the western direction Were trying to confirm their place of control, The several tenger of the eastern direction Fought and
argued among themselves
Before the War of the Gods began and earthlings got dragged into that War unwillingly, tensions built up.
Two leaders of the tenger greeted each other as equals, Two great gods stood close, looking at each other. They split apart a dried up tree with
their cursing, They bent and broke a living tree with their arguing. A fight began, an event for all time, A fight that would determine history. In
their struggling they kicked up clouds of black dust.
The epic contains numerous battle scenes between Gods, many of which involve them kicking up “clouds of black dust”. From our viewpoint this could
refer to explosions.
The three Hura tenger, drawing on their strength, Rushed forward yelling and making a loud noise. The three Buudal tenger, taking their power from
lightning, Drew their bows from their cases. They circled around each other in the direction of the sun.
This is another example of “arrows” being connected to lightning. From reading mainstream interpretations of Mythology I know that these things
are seen as being exaggerations of the “real thing”. I could accept such explanations if it weren’t for very mundane descriptions of everyday
things and objects included in them, as we will later see.
The noise of battle reached the high heavens, The struggle made the earth to tremble.
Their battles were always accompanied by much noise and trembling just like our modern day warfare. If we can accept that our ancestors simply
described what they saw rather than make up elaborate works of fiction, it becomes quite apparent.
The white oldest son of Atai Ulaan Tenger, Sagaan Hasar Buhe, Whistling through the air like an arrow, Fell from the high serene heavens to the
I found this to be a very interesting statement as it describes one of the aircraft that was shot down as "whistling" as it falls to earth. How
would our ancestors know that heavy objects whistle when they take steep fall? The sound has only become familiar to us with the planes and bombs of
WWI or the invention of cannonballs at the earliest.
Having been born in spirit upon the earth, They flew upward to the heavens, To the land of the fifty five tenger of the west.
Another one of many thousand references to people flying upwards to the land of Gods. A question to the mainstream school of thought: Why do all
ancient myths and legends, when they refer to the Gods illustrate them as flying upward? Do you seriously believe our entire mythological heritage is
nothing but an epic tale about birds?
His older brother having been dispatched so easily,
Thrown down to earth so disrespectfully,
Anger and hate boiled in his heart.
They soared like two hawks in battle.
The serene heavens shook to its highest skies,
The broad earth quaked down to its roots.
Shara Hasar Buhe,
Scattering like dust,
Blown by the wind like ashes,
Fell from the serene heavens to the broad earth.
They battled in the clouds
Throwing him down to earth ,
Where he became stuck in the ground!
These excerpts exemplify the following: Several battle scenes specifically mention that the Gods in their “flying Horses and Dragons” were
battling in the clouds and being “thrown down to earth” and then “sticking in the ground”. Simply put, I would expect nothing different from
an aircraft that is shot down. If this were pure fantasy, would not at least one of the aircraft miraculously fly back up? But I found no such
instance. And if it were fiction, what would images of aircraft battling in the clouds and shooting each other down be based on? How would a
supposedly primitive stone-ager preoccupied with hunting and gathering get these ideas?
Many white gods lost their cunning, Ten thousand gods were confused.
Again we see that these are not “divine Gods” but beings just like you and me, shaken from the toils of war.
She who came down from the Milky Way
This verse refers to a Goddess letting the reader know exactly where she came from.
Two great tenger,
Two great gods,
Following the path of war,
Following the trail to battle.
Started fighting in the heights of the skies,
Battling on the wide expanse of the earth.
With his sixty six warriors,
Six hundred leaders of the army,
And six thousand soldiers,
Making preparations for battle
The serene high heavens became dusky,
On the broad earth it became completely dark.
In the great hot country they hit each other again and again,
On the mountainous broad earth they spilled each other’s blood.
Taking his silvery hard steel sword
Han Hormasta Tenger chopped off the neck of Atai Ulaan Tenger.
He spitted the neck on his sword,
Flinging it forcefully toward the earth.
Piece by piece he sent them
Tumbling to crash in the earth below.
These excerpts give you an impression of the detail in descriptiveness – all the way down to the amount of soldiers waging a particular battle.