look, the discovery was, that the galaxies are rotating not like expected by the theory ! --- DISCOVERY !!!
they have invented the dark-matter and dark-energy to hold the theory --- INVENTION, not a discovery !!
there is no and will be no discovery of dark mater or dark energy, EVER !!!
I think what you are actually missing is some language... Dark matter and dark energy are models, theories, to explain an observation. they are NOT an
invention, but i can see why people get a little bit confused.
OK so lets look at some other examples shall we?
Look Alpha decays on emulsion films all have the same path length, they must have the same energy.
Look, Beta decays... oh but they have a range of path lengths. mmmm well we only see one particle, the beta, how is this possible? Maybe energy is not
conserved? OMG OMG OMG
Wolfgang Pauli steps in and says "Well I hate to do this, to invent a particle we cannot detect, but maybe the model i have fixes the problem? In
this model there is a particle, it has little or no mass, and the beta decay is three body rather than two. Here are some calculations and this is
what I think it should look like... and it fits pretty well"
The theory stood for about 36 years before a direct detection was made.
You might say they INVENTED that too, maybe that is the correct phrase for it, but if it was, it was because there was good theoretical standing for
it. It turned out to be bang on the numbers
The Charm (And bottom and top)
Early accelerator experiments and theory had a problem, that was according to early models, the precursor to the standard model lets say. The strange
quark should decay in many many ways, but a few channels of decay were never observed, searched for but never observed.
A theorist proposed a model, it basically said "Maybe these decay channels are suppressed by the existence of a new quark" Handed people his
calculations and a full run down of the model and what it adds to the quark model at the time.
So at accelerators around the world the search was on, the Charm Quark was then by your definition INVENTED. Oh but it was actually detected and had a
good theoretical and observational basis.
The standard model doesn't predict mass, this is a great over site. Any attempt to introduce mass into the standard model without the use of a gauge
boson results in divergences to infinity for many simple cross-section calculations (probability calculations for interactions for the layman...
like... You smash two particles into each other, what will happen... this stuff) So there was a problem... a big one...
So the Higgs was introduced as a possible theory and attachment to the standard model in order to fix both the issue with things being fundamentally
without mass, and to take care of these divergences. There are other theoretical motivations also.
So the Higgs was INVENTED by your definition, but it too had a good theoretical standpoint. It was discovered as you might have read not so long ago.
Sooooo your definition of "It was INVENTED!!!! SO HAHAHA its not proven" Is a rather ignorant comment and ignores all observational evidence and
theoretical motivations. And what? It boils down to a comment said before, is it really helpful? All i see is people who know quite honestly next to
nothing about what they label the mainstream, and what they do know they have big misconceptions about. But rather than admitting it or at least
trying to honestly read around the subject and get to know it, it is better for them to have the attitude of :-
I can say a statement that is true, and thus I can refute the whole of science! And make myself feel good hahar!
It is like a comeback where someone said "Have you been to the centre of the Earth? No you haven't, so you don't know anything about it" its like
what? No I haven't, and neither have you... but we have done some damn hard studying, its not like scientists sit in their offices all day taking
home a massive salary, smoking cigars, drinking brandy and just looking at the sky and saying... ah yes... i wonder... mmmm i wonder why the world is
here... oh but, i wasn't around 50 years ago, so there is no point in me thinking about anything.
it makes NO sense