It looks like you're using an Ad Blocker.
Please white-list or disable AboveTopSecret.com in your ad-blocking tool.
Some features of ATS will be disabled while you continue to use an ad-blocker.
I don't think tricks of the eye can explain all reports over eons.
I wasn't searching for anything the night I saw mine. I wasn't thinking of UFO's.
It was a familiar drive - isolated and very dark. The "star" looking thing was so bright it simply caught my attention as it was too low to be a star, and was just impossible to not see for the direction I was heading. Even then I didn't think UFO.
Human memory is created and highly suggestible, and a wide variety of innocuous, embarrassing and frightening memories can be falsely created through the use of different techniques, including guided imagery, hypnosis and suggestion by others. Though not all individuals who are exposed to these techniques will develop memories, experiments suggest a significant number of people will, and will actively defend the existence of the events, even if told they were false and deliberately implanted.
In fact, I believe my mind was still processing it when it took off at lightning speed, making maneuvers that could in no way happen at that speed with anything I've ever heard of (and would not - due to the mountains).
Ranging up to -8 magnitude (rarely to a brilliant -9.5), some of the flares are so bright that they can be seen in the daytime; but they are most impressive at night. This flashing has caused some annoyance to astronomers, as the flares occasionally disturb observations and can damage sensitive equipment.
When not flaring, the satellites are often visible crossing the night sky at a typical magnitude of 6, similar to a dim star.
There are simply some things we cannot explain - that cannot be debunked without a repeat exposure to show the person that what they saw was natural or manmade.
7. Daily life illusions
You are also facing visual illusions in your daily life:
TV as it is a) TV ----- All the colours you see on TV are just due to 3 colours (red, green and blue). If you look close enough, you can only see many closely packed dots of 3 colours. Because they are so close, the retinal images overlap and different colours result.
b) The bent spoon in your cup of water and the apparently shallow swimming pool ----- are due to refraction i.e. light travelling with different speeds in different media.
c) Clothes with vertical stripes make a person look thinner than clothes with horizontal stripes.
d) The moon racing through the clouds ----- we tend to view large objects (the large clouds) as stationary and the smaller object (the moon) as the one moving.
e) A red car looks larger than a green car of the same model when viewed from far above, because of different speeds of light.
- A lot of information reaches the eye, but much is lost by the time it reaches the brain (Gregory estimates about 90% is lost).
- Therefore, the brain has to guess what a person sees based on past experiences. We actively construct our perception of reality.
- Richard Gregory proposed that perception involves a lot of hypothesis testing to make sense of the information presented to the sense organs.
- Our perceptions of the world are hypotheses based on past experiences and stored information.
- Sensory receptors receive information from the environment, which is then combined with previously stored information about the world which we have built up as a result of experience.
- The formation of incorrect hypotheses will lead to errors of perception (e.g. visual illusions like the Necker cube).
Our brains are wired to make things up. To make sense of the physical world around us, the brain takes bits of information received from the senses and, like an artist painting a landscape, creates a unique mental picture shaped by its experiences. Without this ability to process sensory information we wouldn’t be able to see in three dimensions, understand someone speaking in a noisy room, or even watch a film at the cinema. But there is a caveat: the brain can sometimes make mistakes, and optical illusions are one example.
The autokinetic illusion occurs at night or in conditions with poor visual cues. This illusion gives the pilot the impression that a stationary object is moving in front of the airplane's path; it is caused by staring at a fixed single point of light (ground light or a star) in a totally dark and featureless background. The reason why this visual illusion occurs is because of very small movements of the eyes. In conditions with poor visual cues accompanied by a single source of light, these eye movements are interpreted by the brain as movement of the object being viewed. This illusion can cause a misperception that such a light is on a collision course with the aircraft.
Planet or stars in the night sky can often cause the illusion to occur. Often these bright stars or planets have been mistaken for landing lights of oncoming aircraft, satellites, or even UFO’s. An example of a star that commonly causes this illusion is Sirius, which is the brightest star in the northern hemisphere and in winter appears over the entire continental United States at one to three fists widths above the horizon. At dusk, the planet Venus can cause this illusion to occur and many pilots have mistaken it as lights coming from other aircraft
On Jan. 14 of last year, an Air Canada pilot flying from Toronto to Zurich, Switzerland, woke up from a nap to see an alarming sight out the cockpit window: what appeared to be a flying object (presumably another plane) flying directly at him. The first officer alerted the pilot, who correctly identified the light and told him not to worry about it, but the first officer almost immediately saw a second set of lights and took evasive action, sending the jet into a steep, sudden dive that injured 16 people and almost resulted in a midair collision with another aircraft flying 1,000 feet lower.
It was a terrifying, bizarre event over the Atlantic Ocean, but what makes it even stranger is that, according to a new report from the Transportation Safety Board of Canada, the initial light that first officer saw was an optical illusion. He thought it was a UFO — quite literally, an unidentified object flying at the plane. Yet there was no aircraft, identified or otherwise: he had instead seen reflected sunlight from the planet Venus. (The second set of lights—the ones that caused the evasive action—were actually from another aircraft the pilot mistakenly believed was on a collision course with the Air Canada flight.)
Depending on when you measure it (since everything in the universe is in constant motion), Venus is between about 25 million and 162 million miles away. Yet the pilot thought that it was close enough to pose an imminent threat of collision. How could the pilot's estimate of the light's distance to the plane be off by at least 25 million miles? How could an experienced airline pilot mistake a planet for a plane?
It's actually not that difficult to understand and has implications for other UFO sightings.
As this incident shows, accurately judging the size, speed and distance of unknown lights in the night sky is virtually impossible.
A light in the sky might be small and 100 yards away, medium-sized and a few miles away, or even planet-sized and tens of millions of miles away — and there is no way to know the difference. John Nance, a former commercial pilot and ABC News aviation analyst, said that such a mistake, while seemingly inexplicable to the average person, was "not outlandish … a bright light, which can be a planet like Venus, can be very startling, and you can mistake it for an airplane."
For the past 200 years, researchers have debated whether the illusion of motion in a static image is caused by mechanisms in the eye, in the brain, or by a combination of both. Because measuring these kinds of physiological responses is difficult, no study has successfully measured direct and tightly timed correlations between a kinetic illusion and a physiological precursor.
But recently, a team of researchers from the Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, Arizona, and the University of Vigo in Vigo, Spain, has found a direct correlation between illusory motion and microsaccades, which are tiny eye movements that involuntarily occur several times per second during visual fixation. Although the team hasn’t determined the neural mechanism behind the correlation, the finding rules out the hypothesis that the origin of the kinetic optical illusion is purely cortical.
“These results revealed a direct link between the eye motions and the perception of illusory motion, and ruled out the hypothesis that the Enigma illusion originates solely in the brain,” Susana Martinez-Conde, Director of the Laboratory of Visual Neuroscience at the Barrow Neurological Institute, told PhysOrg.com. “Our study provides a possible explanation for an entire family of visual illusions central to the fields of visual art and visual science. It would be quite unexpected if Enigma turned out to be the only motion illusion affected by eye movements.”
reply to post by FireballStorm
Do these types of illusions even begin to address extreme speed changes and extreme direction changes? Not at all
reply to post by FireballStorm
Would you like to put forth your hypothesis on why you believe it could not be aliens?
reply to post by FireballStorm
In your last post - you make the observation that it's very hard for us to tell distance via a light source - very true - but I also believe we can have some insight into the nature of objects based on how they behave (even whilst we cannot accurately describe them with words, based on our life-times worth of observing objects at various heights, we have some idea as to how to classify some things we see). If you want to be scientific please take specific cases and analyse them so we can see your thought processes on how you yourself would classify these things rather then thinking you are debunking anything with shallow arguments about our inability to adequately measure the things we see