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The DNA of a baby boy who was buried in Montana 12,600 years ago has been recovered, and it provides new indications of the ancient roots of today's American Indians and other native peoples of the Americas.
It's the oldest genome ever recovered from the New World. Artifacts found with the body show the boy was part of the Clovis culture, which existed in North America from about 13,000 years ago to about 12,600 years ago and is named for an archaeological site near Clovis, N.M.
The boy's genome showed his people were direct ancestors of many of today's native peoples in the Americas, researchers said. He was more closely related to those in Central and South America than to those in Canada. The reason for that difference isn't clear, scientists said.
Cahokia kəhoʊkiːə is the site of an ancient Native American city (650-1400 CE) near Collinsville, Illinois in the American Bottom floodplain, across the Mississippi River from St. Louis, Missouri. The 2,200-acre (8.9 km2) site includes at least 109 man-made earthen mounds. Cahokia Mounds is the largest archaeological site related to the Mississippian culture, which developed advanced societies in eastern North America centuries before the arrival of Europeans.
Cahokia was settled around 650 CE during the Late Woodland period. Mound building did not begin until about 1050 CE, at the beginning of the Mississippian cultural period. The inhabitants left no written records beyond symbols on pottery, shell, copper, wood, and stone. The city's original name is unknown.
I thought many here would appreciate this find. Apparently the child shows a closer genetic tie to those Native Americans from Central and South America than to Canadian First Nation people. They are still related but not as close which is surprising considering how far away Central and South America are compared to how close Canada is to Montana where the child's remains were found.
Considering the time frame regarding the end of the last ice age and the location this was always a very real possibility. As many of you know I've always thought that it shouldn't surprise anybody that we find the older and more advanced cultures and civilizations farther south where the weather was much more habitable to humans than the northern latitudes. This doesn't mean there weren't people living at those Latitudes just that the farther south one went the nicer the climate was.
As the climate started changing those people farther south would migrate North as the Gigantic North American Ice cap started to recede the land became much more desirable to the vast herds of animals desired for consumption. It's often been pondered if there were some sort of connection or contact between the Mississippian mound building cultures and those of Central America's Pyramid builders.
Interesting find, thanks for sharing!
My immediate hyposthesis (and a rather boring, conventional one) is that this child was part of an early infux of peoples into North America, most of whom migrated south, with their ancestors occupying Central and South America, as a new wave of people (post Clovis Comet impact?) arrived to replace them in the north.
reply to post by peter vlar
I just finished Stanford and Bradley's "Across Alantic Ice", I highly recommend it.
I don't think that this find negates the solutrean hypothesis, as this burial is nearly 8000years after any proposed influence by solutreans.