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originally posted by: beansidhe
a reply to: Wifibrains
Our (lunar) crescent is always cut in 3 by the V-rod (or compasses, as I like to see them). Maybe the 3 phases of the moon? The Celts did like triplicate.
The Mesolithic "calendar" is thousands of years older than previous known formal time-measuring monuments created in Mesopotamia.
It is remarkable to think that our aerial survey may have helped to find the place where time itself was invented”
The analysis has been published in the journal, Internet Archaeology.
The pit alignment also aligns on the Midwinter sunrise to provided the hunter-gatherers with an annual "astronomic correction" in order to better follow the passage of time and changing seasons.
Vince Gaffney, Professor of Landscape Archaeology at Birmingham, led the analysis project.
He said: "The evidence suggests that hunter-gatherer societies in Scotland had both the need and sophistication to track time across the years, to correct for seasonal drift of the lunar year and that this occurred nearly 5,000 years before the first formal calendars known in the Near East.
The etymology for both labyrinth and labrys is the Greek labyrinthos ‘a network of intricate passageways.’ Cameron suggests, “from this same root comes the word labia. The butterfly-symbol may represent [the] opened labia” (SA: 10). Adding to the butterfly-labia consideration, archaeologists Sir Arthur Evans “published a series of chrysalises, butterflies, and goddesses related to chrysalises or with butterfly wings. (RN: 53-71.) He interpreted the chrysalis as an emblem of new life after death”
From the earliest spirals, meanders, labyrinths, and labryses starting with ancient rock and cave symbols and engravings are reminders of human’s “unceasing preoccupation with the spiral order and his [one’s] spiral development” (MS: 29). The spiral may also “be thought of as an elementary unicursal labyrinth as they have an indirect path leading to a hidden center (MLW: 18).”
The spiral [and meander], depicted in ancient tombs, implies a death and re-entry into the womb of the earth, necessary before the spirit can be reborn in the land of the dead. But death and rebirth also mean the continuous transformation and purification of the spirit throughout life; the alchemists use the word VITRIOL to stand for Visita interiora terrae rectificando invenies occultum lapidem. ‘Visit the interior of the earth; through purification thou wilt find the hidden stone.’ Such a descent into the underworld (the kingdom of Pluto) is the theme for most initiation rituals, and is comparable to the passage through the wilderness, or the ‘dark night of the soul’, which is experienced by mystics [and all soul seekers] on their path. The spiral furthermore nearly always symbolizes it. Those on the columns of the Treasury of Atreus (a relic which is still to be found in the volutes of the Ionic column) have a further correspondence; by passing between two spiral columns, the initiate becomes the central axis or pillar and consciousness and equilibrium, for he [and she] has thus passed between two opposite pillars of the Tree of Life, or between the coils of the serpents of the caduceus, and has thereby come into direct contact with the Source of Being (MS: 29-30).
In Knossos two ivory figurines came to light from the Labyrinth, which are perhaps the representations of this god. There are also suppositions that Welchanos could have been depicted on some seals from Hagia Triada, from Knossos or from Cydonia. These seals are showing us the young god accompanied by lions (similarly to the Master of Animals) or as a young god standing on the double axes between a winged wild goat and a daemon.
(Wélchanos), there's a common theme in all of this: a Pre-Greek Cretan god named *Welkʰan. This god is in turn surely related to Etruscan *Velχan which is already accepted by Etruscan specialists to be the unattested source of the Latin name Vulcānus, also of non-Indo-European origin.
The complex consists of two temples. The larger one is dedicated to Ra-Harakhty, Ptah and Amun, Egypt's three state deities of the time, and features four large statues of Ramesses II in the facade. The smaller temple is dedicated to the goddess Hathor, personified by Nefertari, Ramesses's most beloved of his many wives.
It is believed that the axis of the temple was positioned by the ancient Egyptian architects in such a way that on October 22 and February 22, the rays of the sun would penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the sculptures on the back wall, except for the statue of Ptah, the god connected with the Underworld, who always remained in the dark. People gather at Abu Simbel to witness this remarkable sight, on October 21 and February 21
The magical hippocampus is the serpent-god of the sea. It appears with the head and body of a horse and large fishlike sea serpent hindquarters. Hippius, a name of Neptune and the Hippocampus was Neptune’s favorite horse. Neptune (Latin: Neptūnus) was the Roman god of water and the sea in Roman mythology and religion, a brother of Jupiter and Pluto. He is the counterpart of the Greek and one of the ancient gods of Phoenicia under the name of Poseidon. Neptune or Poseidon, is often riding a hippocampus or has his chariot drawn by two of them and his babies are called tadfoals. Scylla, the sea monster or Jonah the Great Fish.
Taranis of ancient Gaul or Taranaich of ancient Scotland were one and the same as Thor of Scandinavia. These, in turn were developments of Jupiter of the Romans, which were derived from depictions and mythologies of Indra of Northern India (former homeland of the Aryans...European languages are largely Indo-Aryan). Britannia figurines of England depict the wheel of the Thunderer beside the seated Britannia.
The "Tara" nameplaces have survived in Ireland since remote antiquity and, presently, many Caucasoid mummies are being unearthed in the Tarin Basin north of Northern India in what is now a province of China. The Gaulish (French) name "Taranis" has an incredibly old pedigree extending back, it would seem, to the Tarin Basin and the "Thunderer" followed ancient Europeans in their travels all over the world in remote antiquity. Extending the migrations all the way to Britain, we have the "Tara" derived names leaving a trail behind them every step of the way.
In consideration of ancient Welsh/ Gaelic/ Breton/ Khumri variations on "Tara" we have the following:
"Taran" means "thunder" in Welsh/ Breton/ Khumri. The word "Tardd" would mean "breaking out".
"Tartar" means noise or clamour in Irish/ Gaelic.
Each of these descriptions in Welsh/ Khumri or Irish/ Gaelic migrated to Wales and Ireland via Scandinavia and Germany, where "Thor", meaning literally "thunder", was the preeminent Deity and created great thunder claps by crashing two rams heads together.
The Continental European Celts called their God, "Taranis" (the thunderer) and he bore that name in France and Spain amongst the Druids, as well as, seemingly, Celtic countries like Germany, Switzerland and Yugoslavia further east. The name Taranis derives from the Celtic (or Indo-European) root "Taran" meaning "thunderer or thunder" and he was associated with Jupiter.
Another variation on the name was "Taranucnus" or "Taranus"...used in Britain. Taranaich (which is very close in pronunciation to Taranaki) is the Scot/ Pict/ Gaelic god of thunder & lightning. His name was derived from the Gaelic word tarnach or tarna, ‘thunder’.
originally posted by: beansidhe
Still thinking about astrology, I went back to Babylon.