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Fénius Farsaid (also Phoeniusa, Phenius, Féinius; Farsa, Farsaidh, many variant spellings) is a legendary king of Scythia who shows up in different versions of Irish folklore. He was the son of Boath, a son of Magog. According to some traditions, he invented the Ogham alphabet and the Gaelic language.
According to recensions M and A of the Lebor Gabála Érenn, Fénius and his son Nél journeyed to the Tower of Babel (in recension B, it is Rifath Scot son of Gomer instead). Nél, who was trained in many languages, married Scota, daughter of Pharaoh Cingris of Egypt, producing their son Goidel Glas.
In the Lebor Gabála Érenn (11th century), he is said to be one of the 72 chieftains who built Nimrod's Tower of Babel, but travelled to Scythia after the tower collapsed.
CIR MHIN OIR - comb of chased gold. A sun symbol its
equivalent night-symbol being the cir gharbh airgiod, the
comb of rough silver. It was said that the god Lugh was
often seen among men carrying these combs in his hands.
Maol a’Cliobain gained powers of kingship when he
pilfered two such combs from the castle of a “giant.”
When the silver comb was misplaced the king’s carriage fell to
the ground as “a withered faggot,” and his kingship, and
virility, was lost.
Another Gaelic hero took similar combs and when he
combed the hair on the left side of his head it flaked off
silver instead of dandruff. Run through the hair of the other
side it produced flakes of gold. Other magic combs stolen
from the Fomorian sea-giants yielded clothing, arms, meat
and drink. Gaels pursued by the dark forces could throw a
comb or brush in their way to delay pursuit.
Combs were often found in the arsenal of witchcraft
and sometimes the baobh would comb the hair of an
unsupecting victim causing that person to fall into a deep
and troubled sleep. J.F. Campbell thinks that the magical
attributes of combs may relate to the fact that the bone
combs of primitive men produced spectacles of static electricity during the long winter nights.
There are sexual connotations in the use of combs. In
medieval times it was still understood what was meant
when the knight laid his head upon the knees of a “lady” and
she “dressed his hair.” There are numerous slate slabs in
Scotland which represent two-handed mirrors, combs and
shears. These are generally regarded as Pictish memorials
and indicate that these objects had significance beyond the obvious.
The walk to Queen Scotia’s Grave near Tralee is a nice and easy 0.5 hour (1.5 km) walking route on the slopes of the Sliabh Mish Mountains to the reputed grave site of Queen Scotia in County Kerry in the south west of Ireland. According to Irish Folklore and Mythology, the battle of Sliabh Mish was fought in this glen above the town of Tralee, where the Celtic Milesians defeated the Tuatha de Dannann but Scotia, the Queen of the Milesians died in battle while pregnant as she attempted to jump a bank on horseback. The area is now known as Scotia’s Glen and her grave is reputed to be under an huge ancient stone scribed with Egyptian hieroglyphs.
c.1600 (n.); 1610s (adj.), from Latin Iberia, ancient name of the Spanish peninsula, from Greek Iberes "Celtic people of Spain;" also the name given to an Asiatic people near the Caucasus. Of unknown origin in both uses, but the word as applied in Spain is believed to be related to the River Ebro. The earliest English reference is to the Caucasians; in reference to Spain and Portugal it dates from 1610s.
originally Ebudae, Haebudes, of uncertain origin. Apparently a scribal error turned -u- into -ri-. The Norse name, Suðregar, "Southern Islands," is relative to the Orkneys. Related: Hebridean.
late Old English, from Old French Ebreu, from Latin Hebraeus, from Greek Hebraios, from Aramaic 'ebhrai, corresponding to Hebrew 'ibhri "an Israelite," literally "one from the other side," in reference to the River Euphrates, or perhaps simply signifying "immigrant;" from 'ebher "region on the other or opposite side."
late 14c., from Late Latin paganus "pagan," in classical Latin "villager, rustic; civilian, non-combatant" noun use of adjective meaning "of the country, of a village," from pagus "country people; province, rural district," originally "district limited by markers,"