posted on Jan, 31 2014 @ 06:28 PM
the existance of the monopole explains the quanticization of the electric charge. with all of the implications in particle physics and chemistry as
well as cosmology.
The existence of even a single Dirac magnetic monopole would have far-reaching physical consequences, most famously explaining the quantization of
electric charge3, 4
inevitable wiki reference:
The quantum theory of magnetic charge started with a paper by the physicist Paul A.M. Dirac in 1931. In this paper, Dirac showed that if any
magnetic monopoles exist in the universe, then all electric charge in the universe must be quantized. The electric charge is, in fact, quantized,
which is consistent with (but does not prove) the existence of monopoles.
Since Dirac's paper, several systematic monopole searches have been performed. Experiments in 1975 and 1982 produced candidate events that
were initially interpreted as monopoles, but are now regarded as inconclusive. Therefore, it remains an open question whether monopoles exist.
Further advances in theoretical particle physics, particularly developments in grand unified theories and quantum gravity, have led to more compelling
arguments (detailed below) that monopoles do exist. Joseph Polchinski, a string-theorist, described the existence of monopoles as "one of the safest
bets that one can make about physics not yet seen". These theories are not necessarily inconsistent with the experimental evidence. In some
theoretical models, magnetic monopoles are unlikely to be observed, because they are too massive to be created in particle accelerators (see below),
and also too rare in the Universe to enter a particle detector with much probability.
Some condensed matter systems propose a structure superficially similar to a magnetic monopole, known as a flux tube. The ends of a flux tube form a
magnetic dipole, but since they move independently, they can be treated for many purposes as independent magnetic monopole quasiparticles. Since 2009,
numerous news reports from the popular media have incorrectly described these systems as the long-awaited discovery of the magnetic monopoles,
but the two phenomena are only superficially related to one another. These condensed-matter systems continue to be an area of active research.
(See "Monopoles" in condensed-matter systems below.)