Every December 25th, it's not Santa Claus people in Peru are looking forward to. They're looking forward to
, the annual tradition of getting together as a community, and beating the snot out of each
other to settle old grudges, all followed and celebrated in tandem with drinking, dancing, music and family support!
Takanakuy ("when the blood is boiling" in the Quechua language) is an annual established practice of fighting fellow community members held on 25
December, by the inhabitants of Chumbivilcas Province, near Cuzco in Peru. The practice started in Santo Tomás, the capital of Chumbivilcas and has
now spread to other villages and cities, the prominent ones being Cuzco and Lima. The festival consists of dancing and of individuals fighting each
other to settle old conflicts or simply to display their manhood.
There's videos on Youtube, but, due the nature of it, I'll allow for everyone to self search, and self discover.
It's not just men going toe to toe in settling old disputes that have boiled up over the year since the last festival, it's women too:
I'm not sure if there's a children's event, but, as I understand it, it's a full scale ritualized community supported and celebrated event look
forward to by all.
They even dress up in elaborate stylized costumes:
There are five types of traditional 'characters' portrayed during the ceremony that have different roles based on Andean cultural symbols. The
majority of the dress is based on traditional horse riding gear and brighly colored Peruvian ski masks, which are characteristic of the specific
regional area. The ski masks are not all the same, they have different colors, different designs, and different textile patterns.
Majenos are the most basic level of dress adorning the traditional horse riding gear. A 'majeño' is a guy who lives near the Majes River in the Andes
and the attire of this character is based on that. Wool horse riding pants, a leather cap, a harrington-like traditional Peruvian jacket, hollowed out
bull's horn for the alcohol. The specific Peruvian ski mask is called "uyach'ullu" which has abstract symbolic associations and displays four colors
(red, green, yellow, and white) which are supposed to represent the four quadrants of the universe. The main purpose of wearing the ski mask however
is to concel the identity of the fighters in order to prevent the tensions and animosities from linger over into the next year.
A combination between Majeno dress with the addition of a leather biker jacket, long leather cowboy chaps, and eithert a dead bird or a deer skull on
top of hi/her head. The majority of the young individuals in the indigenous communities pick this type of fighter due to its intimidation factor.
Aspects of this dress attempt to portray a slave master during the colonial periods; for example, knee-high leather boots, fancy worsted pants, a nice
shirt and waistcoat, a silk embroidered cape in pink or baby blue, and a cardboard crown with shiny wrapping paper on the sides and a star at the top.
Then the character has to dance in circles like a rooster, which is the character’s associated spirit animal. This type of outfit was traditionally
reserved for the wealthy men in town and served in contrast to the Majeno’s drunk archetype. Over time, the character became less the rich man’s
costumes than the top fighters.
The Spanish word 'langosta' translates to locust, and this costume is made to resemble one. The outfit is made of shiny material, and often the wearer
hands a dead bird to represent the death that locusts caused in the area in the 1940s.
This specific fighter wear no distinct type of dress attributed to Andean culture but still takes part in the procession but not the ceremonious
And here is how it all starts out:
The procession to the fighting site starts with a high pitched falsetto through the streets.
The procession is family oriented as a preparation for the young children who will see the violent fights later on in the day. Children also dress up
for the occasion, usually resembling their father's character. The purpose of the fighting is to settle conflicts with an individual, friend, family
member or to settle territorial conflicts that have come up throughout the year. The style of fighting used during the celebration is relatively
similar to martial arts, which involves kicking, punching, and quickness of their movements. Those fighting call out their opponents by their first
and last name. They then proceed to the middle of the circle and start the fight.
The men fighting must wrap their hands with cloth prior to the fight. Biting, hitting those in the ground, or pulling hair is not allowed during the
fight. The winner is selected based upon a knockout or intervention by the official. There are amateur officials who carry whips in order to maintain
the crowd under control. At the start and at the end of the fight, the opponents must shake hands or give each other a hug. If the loser of the fight
disagrees with the outcome, he or she can appeal for another fight. This type of fighting also exemplifies one's level of manhood in the community of
Thus, at the center of things, it's mainly a manly event backed by families cheering on the Father while officials carry around whips to maintain the
Though hands are wrapped in cloth, it's basically bare knuckle, and if the loser doesn't like that he's lost, he can appeal to continue for an
extension of the fight, or to have another.
Why haven't you heard of this celebrated event?
The first rule of Fight club is ...
edit on 12/25/2013 by AliceBleachWhite because: (no reason given)