posted on Dec, 14 2013 @ 02:33 AM
This news is a couple of days old, but I did not find it after a search about Sumatra and tsunamis.
This is an amazing scientific discovery, an actual tsunami record!
Before the Boxing Day tsunami in 2004, there was no record, no expectation or much awareness of the risks of such an event, because there was no
record nor preparation for such things.
While studying the coast of Sumatra (the island where the Toba super volcano is also located), as they deem it a sensitive area at risk of severe
inundations because of tectonic activity nearby, scientists discovered a cave that holds a very accurate and visible record of tsunamis in that part
of the world. It lies 300 meters back from the shore and slightly elevated above the high tide mark so that only tsunamis and severe storms can leave
There is much to learn as they examine all the treasure trove for deposits from the ocean floor such as molluscs and pieces of charcoal from old
human-lit fires. They are also examining the bat guano deposits to learn all they can about the diet of the bats over time.
A cave on the northwestern coast of Sumatra holds a remarkable record of big tsunamis in the Indian Ocean.
The limestone opening, close to Banda Aceh, retains the sandy deposits washed ashore by huge, earthquake-induced waves over thousands of years.
"The tsunami sands just jump right out at you because they're separated by guano layers. There's no confusing the stratigraphy (layering)," explains
Dr Jessica Pilarczyk.
"What we think we have is actually a near-complete sequence of late-Holocene deposits. This is amazing because usually the records we have are
fragmentary at best. This coastal cave is a unique 'depot centre', and it's giving us a remarkable snapshot of several thousands of years, allowing us
to figure out every single tsunami that would have taken place during that time," said Dr Pilarczyk, who is affiliated also to Rutgers University,
The 2004 tsunami completely inundated the cave and probably removed some surface deposits. However the team's other investigations along the Acehnese
coast are filling in the period from 3,000 years ago to the present.
edit on 14-12-2013 by aboutface because: oops, forgot source